Deenanath Mangeshkar

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Deenanath Mangeshkar
Also known as Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar
Born (1900-12-29)29 December 1900
Mangeshi, India
Died 24 April 1942(1942-04-24) (aged 41)
Pune, India
Genres Classical, semi-classical, natya sangeet
Occupation(s) Singer, marathi film producer

Deenanath Mangeshkar (29 December 1900 – 24 April 1942) was a well-known Marathi theatre actor, a renowned Natya Sangeet musician and an exceptional Hindustani classical vocalist.

He was also popularly and reverentially addressed as Master Deenanath Mangeshkar. He is also the father of well-known singers Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, and Usha Mangeshkar as well as composers Hridayanath Mangeshkar and Meena Khadikar.

Background[edit]

Deenanath Mangeshkar, popularly known as Dina, was born at Mangeshi, Goa on 29 December 1900.[1] His father's name was Ganesh Bhatt Abhisheki,who was a Karhade Brahmin and served as priest at the famous Mangueshi Temple,and his mother was Yesubai.[1] Yesubai Rane,his mother belonged to Devadasi,community of Goa,(now known as Gomantak Maratha Samaj). She occasionally sang at the temple festivals and had an erring genius for music. Dinanath's father surname was Hardikar whose family bathed(see:Abhisheka) the Linga of lord Shiva at Mangueshi temple, thus they were known as Abhishekis. Dinanath adopted the surname Mangeshkar which means from the village of Mangeshi in Marathi.[2] The father of the late Pandit Jitendra Abhisheki was Deenanath Mangeshkar's half-brother.

Career[edit]

Deenanath Mangeshkar started taking singing and music lessons from Shri Baba Mashelkar at the age of five. He was also to become a disciple at Gwalior school. He was fascinated by the variety & aggressive style of Gayanacharya Pt Ramkrishna bua Vaze and became gandabandh shagird. In his youth, he travelled to Bikaner and took formal training in classical music from Pt. Sukhdev Prasad, father of Pt. Mani Prasad, of the Kirana Gharana. He joined the Kirloskar Sangeet Mandali and the Kirloskar Natak Mandali at the age of 11. Later, he left Kirloskar Mandali, and formed Balwant Mandali with his friends Chintamanrao Kolhatkar and Krishnarao Kolhapure. This new group had Gadkari's blessing, but shortly after the group was formed, Gadkari died in January 1919.

Deenanath's good looks and melodious voice won him popularity on the Marathi theatre. So much so that the then giant of the Marathi stage, Bal Gandharva publicly declared that he would welcome the entry of Deenanath in his organisation "by throwing a carpet of rupee coins under his feet".

During the period of 1935, he produced 3 films, one of them being Krishnarjun Yuddha. It was made in both Hindi and Marathi, and a song from it, sung by and filmed on Dinanath. Dinanath also studied Indian classical music music under Ramkrishna Vaze. He also studied astrology.

Partly out of his interest in astrology and numerology, he believed that dramas with 5 letters, with anuswar on the third letter, were lucky for him. Examples : Ranadundubhi (रणदुंदुभी), Rajsanyas (राजसंन्यास), Deshkantak (देशकंटक).

He was the first musician to openly defy the British Empire by performing and singing songs penned by Veer Savarkar in the presence of the British Viceroy, in Simla.

The dramas produced by Dinanath were extremely popular amongst the masses due to his masterly presentation of the songs composed by Vaze bua and the patriotic content.

Personal life[edit]

First Marriage[edit]

Deenanath's first wife was Narmada (later renamed "Shrimati" by her in-laws). She was the daughter of Seth Haridas Ramdas Lad – a prosperous businessman of the town of Thalner(between Dhule and Jalgaon(Khandesh), Maharastra. Dinanath and Narmada were married in 1922. Dinanath changed his wife's name to 'Shrimati'. She was 19 at the time and Dinanath was 21.

They had a daughter named Latika, who died in her infancy. Deenanath's wife died shortly after.

Second Marriage[edit]

Deenanath's second wife was his first wife's sister. Her name was Shevanti. Some sources claim that Dinanath named his second wife 'Shrimati' as well. Some have her name as 'Shuddhamati'.

The marriage of Deenanath and Shevanti was solemnised at a quiet ceremony within the house in 1927. Shevanti's mother chose not to attend.

Deenanath and his second wife had five children: Lata, Meena, Asha, Usha, and Hridaynath.

Their first child was named Hridaya. But Deenanath called her Lata in memory of his deceased daughter. The name stuck and it is by that name that his legendary eldest daughter, Lata Mangeshkar, is known today.

Shevanti was also called "Mai" at home

The Surname[edit]

Deenanath was determined to take his first step in his professional life with a distinctive surname. So, he chose the last name Mangeshkar. The surname was derived from name of his family deity – Shri Mangesh (an Avatar of Lord Shiva) located at Mangeshi, Ponda, Goa.

Death[edit]

Deenanath took to alcohol during the days of financial hardship in 1930s. After being ill for a few weeks, he died in Pune in April 1942. He was only 41 at the time his death.

His family has erected a Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and research center in his name in Pune.

Theatrical Productions[edit]

Some of his theatrical productions, in which he sang and starred too, are

  • Manapaman (मानापमान) (written by K.P. Khadilkar)
  • Ranadundubhi (रणदुंदुभी) (written by Veer Vamanrao Joshi)Music composed by Vaze buwa
  • Punyaprabhaav (पुण्यप्रभाव)
  • Sanyasta Khadga (संन्यस्त खड्ग) (written by Veer Savarkar)Music composed by Vaze buwa
  • Rajsanyaas (राजसंन्यास) (written by Ram Ganesh Gadkari)
  • Deshkantak (देशकंटक)
  • Ram Rajya Viyog (रामराज्य वियोग).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cabral e Sá, Mário (1997). Wind of fire: the music and musicians of Goa. Promilla & Co. p. 166. ISBN 978-81-85002-19-4. 
  2. ^ Bhimani, Harish (1995). In search of Lata Mangeshkar. Indus. pp. 47–48. ISBN 978-81-7223-170-5. 

External links[edit]