Deep River, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Deep River, Iowa
City
Location of Deep River, Iowa
Location of Deep River, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°34′49″N 92°22′27″W / 41.58028°N 92.37417°W / 41.58028; -92.37417Coordinates: 41°34′49″N 92°22′27″W / 41.58028°N 92.37417°W / 41.58028; -92.37417
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Poweshiek
Area[1]
 • Total 0.43 sq mi (1.11 km2)
 • Land 0.43 sq mi (1.11 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 279
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 276
 • Density 648.8/sq mi (250.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52222
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-19495
GNIS feature ID 0455847

Deep River is a city in Poweshiek County, Iowa, United States. It is also the name of the township which includes the city. The city population was 279 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Deep River is located at 41°34′49″N 92°22′27″W / 41.58028°N 92.37417°W / 41.58028; -92.37417 (41.580395, -92.374249).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.43 square miles (1.11 km2), all of it land.[1]

Brief history and origin of name[edit]

Deep River Township[edit]

Deep River Township was organized March 7, 1857. It was at first a part of Jackson Township. It derived its name from the stream[5] running through its northern part, but not because the water was so deep, but rather it was so far down to the water. The first settlers to live in Deep River Township were Robert Taylor and family from Ohio; John Sargood whose father was from England; Albert Morgan and family from Ohio; and the Lights, who came from Virginia in 1849. The first post office was established in 1852, and called Deep River. The first marriage was that of Nancy Taylor to Rev. W.H. Palmer in 1849. James Light and James Rundle settled in that same year.

The first township election was held in 1857 with the following officers: Ephraim Cox, Asa Cohoe and John Morgan, trustees; Myron Whitney, clerk; L. Mayo, C.M. Wolcott, justices of the peace; H. Armstrong and C. Barber, constables; and James Hillman, road supervisor.

In 1856 the town of Dresden, about a mile east of the present town of Deep River, was platted. The Whitney brothers operated a store there for about 20 years. When the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad was built, the residents of Dresden moved to be near the railroad, and thus the town of Deep River was established in 1884. The Dresden Cemetery lies about a mile and a half south of the current county road, locally known as the Diamond Trail, just about a quarter mile east of Iowa Highway 21. The town of Tilton was established at the southern border of the township in 1884, as well, although largely lay in Keokuk County.

Town of Deep River[edit]

The town of Deep River was incorporated in the summer of 1887 after the Northwestern Railroad spur from Belle Plaine to Muchakinock in southern Iowa was built. Horace Phelps built a depot and gave the railroad $1,500 to secure the location there. The citizens of Dresden then soon followed and the new town of Deep River grew, leaving Dresden largely uninhabited. The first town election resulted in the following officers: J.S. Potter, Mayor; S.S. Jenkins, recorder; J.C. Sanders, treasurer; C.F. Cutler, assessor; James Sargood, marshal; A.C. Converse, Charles Lacher, N.M. Valentine, J.P. Sargood, E.T. Whitney and James Light, councilmen.

The Deep River flows nearby; it is a minor tributary of the English River. The town and its namesake river were named not for the depth of the water in the Deep River, but for the depth of the ravine through which it flows. At some places the banks are 20 ft (6.1 m) above the normal water level.

On May 14, 1970 the local area was subjected to a significant flood on the Deep River which was assessed as having a greater than 50 year recurrence interval.[6] The stream gage on the Deep River station measured a record stage of 83.85 feet (25.56 m) and with a stream flow of 6,200 cubic feet per second (180 m3/s)[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1890 291 —    
1900 403 +38.5%
1910 467 +15.9%
1920 487 +4.3%
1930 392 −19.5%
1940 443 +13.0%
1950 379 −14.4%
1960 329 −13.2%
1970 323 −1.8%
1980 323 +0.0%
1990 345 +6.8%
2000 288 −16.5%
2010 279 −3.1%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 279 people, 119 households, and 75 families residing in the city. The population density was 648.8 inhabitants per square mile (250.5/km2). There were 130 housing units at an average density of 302.3 per square mile (116.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 119 households of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.0% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 288 people, 120 households, and 80 families residing in the city. The population density was 681.1 people per square mile (264.8/km²). There were 135 housing units at an average density of 319.3 per square mile (124.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 120 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

Age/Gender Breakdown: 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,438, and the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $29,643 versus $17,639 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,437. About 4.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 10.0% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]