Deep palmar arch

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Deep palmar arch
Gray1237.svg
Palm of left hand, showing position of skin creases and bones, and surface markings for the volar arches.
Gray528.png
Ulnar and radial arteries. Deep view. (Deep volar arch visible at bottom center.)
Details
Latin Arcus palmaris profundus,
arcus volaris profundus
Source
Radial artery (primarily), deep palmar branch of ulnar artery
Branches
Palmar metacarpal arteries
Deep palmar venous arch
Identifiers
Gray's p.595
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_58/12150649
TA A12.2.09.038
FMA FMA:22838
Anatomical terminology

The deep palmar arch (deep volar arch) is an arterial network found in the palm. It is usually formed mainly from the terminal part of the radial artery, with the ulnar artery contributing via its deep palmar branch, by an anastomosis. This is in contrast to the superficial palmar arch, which is formed predominantly by the ulnar artery.

The deep palmar arch lies upon the bases of the metacarpal bones and on the interossei of the hand, being covered by the oblique head of the adductor pollicis muscle, the flexor tendons of the fingers, and the lumbricals of the hand.

Alongside of it, but running in the opposite direction—toward the radial side of the hand—is the deep branch of the ulnar nerve.

The superficial palmar arch is more distally located than the deep palmar arch. If one were to fully extend the thumb and draw a line from the distal border of the thumb across the palm, this would be the level of the superficial palmar arch. The deep palmar arch is about a finger width proximal to this. The connection between the deep and superficial palmar arterial arches is an example of anastomosis, and can be tested for using Allen's test.

From the deep palmar arch emerge palmar metacarpal arteries.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • lesson5artofhand at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University)
  • Atlas image: hand_blood2 at the University of Michigan Health System ("Palm of the hand, deep dissection, anterior view")

Additional Images[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.