Deewaar (1975 film)
|Directed by||Yash Chopra|
|Produced by||Gulshan Rai|
|Music by||Rahul Dev Burman|
|Edited by||T.R. Mangeshkar
|Distributed by||Trimurti Films Pvt. Ltd|
|Release dates||24 January 1975|
|Running time||176 mins|
|Box office||75.0 million (US$1.2 million)|
Deewaar (English: Wall), is a 1975 Indian crime-drama film directed by Yash Chopra, written by Salim-Javed, and starring Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi Kapoor. Reflective of "the tumultuous politics of the early 70s" in India, Deewaar tells the story of two impoverished brothers who, after their family is betrayed by the misplaced idealism of their father, struggle to survive on the streets of Mumbai.
Deewaar was a ground-breaking work. It was one of a few films which established Bachchan as the "angry young man" of Bollywood cinema and Parveen Babi as the "new Bollywood woman" whose character Anita is "a liberated working girl, smoking, drinking and sleeping with her lover, defying every Hindi film heroine rule." This movie cemented the success of the writing duo Salim-Javed, who went on to write many more blockbuster films, and made them one of the most memorable writers in Hindi cinema. It is said that after the success of this film, the value of film writers skyrocketed, thanks to Salim-Javed, and they soon were being paid as high as some of the actors at the time.
Deewaar received the Filmfare Best Movie Award of 1975 in addition to six other Filmfare Awards and was a "superhit" at the box office, ranking as the 4th highest grossing Bollywood film of 1975. Indiatimes ranks Deewaar amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.
The film opens with the strong leadership of trade unionist, Anand Verma (Satyen Kappu), who works hard to enhance the lives of struggling laborers. He lives in a modest home with his wife, Sumitra Devi (Nirupa Roy), and their two young sons, Vijay (Amitabh Bachchan) loosely based on Haji Mastan, and Ravi (Shashi Kapoor). Anand, however, is blackmailed by a corrupt businessman who threatens to kill his family if Anand does not cease his protest activities. Forced into compliance, Anand is thus attacked by the very same laborers who then jeer him for his betrayal, unaware that he was blackmailed. His family is also persecuted by the angry workers. Out of shame, Anand leaves town, leaving Sumitra to care for their sons alone in poverty. Several of the angry workers kidnap Vijay and tattoo his arm with the Hindi words "मेरा बाप चोर है" (translated into "My Father Is A Thief"). Not knowing what else to do, Sumitra brings her children to Mumbai and struggles as a day laborer to care for her now homeless sons.
Vijay, the elder brother, grows up with an acute awareness of his father's failure and is victimized for his father's supposed misdeeds. In the process of fighting for his rights, Vijay, who starts out as a boot polisher, becomes a dockyard worker in his youth, becomes a smuggler for the underworld. Vijay beats up several thugs working for their ruthless leader Samant, which then influences one of Samant's rivals to bring Vijay to his inner circle, leaving Vijay to become a new leading figure of the underworld. He also sacrifices his own education so his brother Ravi can study. Ravi is an excellent student. He is dating Veera (Neetu Singh), the daughter of a senior police officer. On the Commissioner's suggestion, Ravi applies for employment with the police, and is sent for training. Several months later, he is accepted by the police, and has a rank of Sub-Inspector. When Ravi returns home, he finds that Vijay has become a businessman overnight, has accumulated wealth, and a palatial home. One of his first assignments is to apprehend and arrest some of Bombay's hardcore criminals and smugglers which includes his brother, Vijay – much to his shock, as he had never associated his very own brother with criminal activities. Ravi must now decide between apprehending Vijay and quitting from the police force. When Ravi finds out that Vijay has acquired wealth by crime, he decides to move out along with his mother. Vijay, on the other hand, becomes involved with Anita (Parveen Babi), a woman whom he meets at a bar. When Anita becomes pregnant, Vijay decides to abandon his life in the underworld, marry her, and confess his sins. He also hopes to seek forgiveness from his mother and brother. However, when Anita is brutally murdered by Samant, Vijay loses all sense and brutally murders Samant in revenge for Anita's death, leading him to be branded a criminal forever. Their mother, who had sided with Ravi despite the fact that Vijay was her favorite, is tormented by Vijay's decisions and rejects him. When the two brothers meet for a final clash, Ravi, pleading Vijay to stop running, shoots Vijay in his arm and Vijay dies (after crashing his car into a wall while trying to escape) in his mother's arms in a temple, where he visits for the first time in his life, seeking forgiveness. Ravi is felicitated for pursuing justice.
- Amitabh Bachchan as Vijay Verma (the elder brother)
- Shashi Kapoor as Ravi Verma (the younger brother)
- Nirupa Roy as Sumitra Devi, Vijay & Ravi's Mother
- Parveen Babi as Anita
- Neetu Singh as Veera Narang
- Satyendra Kapoor as Anand Verma, Vijay & Ravi's Father
- Manmohan Krishna as DCP Narang
- Madan Puri as Samant
- Iftekhar as Mulk Raj Daavar
- Sudhir as Jaichand
- Jagdish Raj as Jaggi
- Raj Kishore as Darpan
- Yunus Parvez as Rahim Chacha, Head porter
- Mohan Sherry as Peter's henchman
- Alankar Joshi as Young Vijay Verma
- Raju Shrestha as Young Ravi Verma
- Rajan Verma as Lachhu
- A. K. Hangal as Chander's Father
- Dulari as Chander's Mother
- D. K. Sapru as Mr. Agarwal
- Kamal Kapoor as Anand Verma's Employer
- Director: Yash Chopra
- Story: Salim-Javed
- Screenplay: Salim-Javed
- Dialogue: Salim-Javed
- Producer: Gulshan Rai
- Cinematographer: Kay Gee
- Editor: T. R. Mangeshkar, Pran Mehra
- Art Director: Desh Mukherjee
- Stunts: M. B. Shetty, Kodi S. Irani
- Music Director: Rahul Dev Burman
- Lyricist: Sahir Ludhianvi
- Playback Singers: Asha Bhosle, Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar, Bhupendra Singh, Ursula Vaz, Usha Mangeshkar
|Soundtrack album to Deewaar by R.D. Burman|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
|"Kehdoon Tumhe"||Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle|
|"Maine tujhe manga"||Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle|
|"Koi mar jaye"||Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar|
|"Deewarun ka jungle"||Manna Dey|
|"Idhar ka mal udhar"||Bhupinder Singh|
|"I am falling in love with a stranger"||Ursula Vaz|
- Won:Best Film (Gulshan Rai)
- Won:Best Director (Yash Chopra)
- Won:Best Supporting Actor (Shashi Kapoor)
- Won:Best Story (Salim-Javed)
- Won:Best Dialogue (Salim-Javed)
- Won:Best Screenplay (Salim-Javed)
- Won:Best Sound (M. A. Shaikh)
- Nominated: Best Actor (Amitabh Bachchan)
- Nominated: Best Supporting Actress (Nirupa Roy)
Indiatimes ranks Deewaar amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films. It was one of the three Hindi films in the 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die list (the others being Mother India from 1957 and Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge from 1995).
Rajesh Khanna and Navin Nischol were the first choice for Vijay and Ravi's roles but Salim-Javed insisted that Amitabh Bachchan would suit Vijay's character better. Similarly Nirupa Roy's role was first offered to Vyjayanthimala but she turned it down. In 2014, Bachchan revealed that his iconic look in the film - a "denim blue shirt worn with khakee pants and a rope dangling over the shoulder" - was the result of a mistake by the tailor. He said, "The knotted shirt and rope on shoulder in Deewar [sic] was an adjustment for an error in stitching, shirt too long so knotted it".
Influence on other films
The film was later remade in Telugu as Magaadu (1976) starring NTR with Ramakrishna, and in Tamil as Thee (1981) starring Rajinikanth, Suman, Manorama and Sripriya. Naam was also influenced by Deewar and was written by one of Deewar's cowriters. British director Danny Boyle, who described Deewaar as being “absolutely key to Indian cinema”, cited the film as an influence on his Academy Award winning Slumdog Millionaire (2008). Actor Anil Kapoor noted that some scenes of Slumdog Millionaire "are like Deewaar, the story of two brothers of whom one is completely after money while the younger one is honest and not interested in money."
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- Mazumdar, Ranjani. Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.
- Virdi, Jyotika. "Deewaar: the fiction of film and the fact of politics." Jump Cut, No. 38, June 1993:26–32.
- Deewaar (2004 film) – an unrelated work also starring Bachchan
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- Amitava Kumar (23 December 2008). "Slumdog Millionaire's Bollywood Ancestors". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
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