Defiance County, Ohio

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Defiance County, Ohio
Defiance County Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Defiance County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Defiance County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 7, 1845[1]
Named for Fort Defiance
Seat Defiance
Largest city Defiance
Area
 • Total 414 sq mi (1,072 km2)
 • Land 411 sq mi (1,064 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (7 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 39,037
 • Density 95/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.defiance-county.com

Defiance County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,037.[2] Its county seat is Defiance.[3] The county was named after an early Army fortification, Fort Defiance, which was so named by Mad Anthony Wayne to signify the settlers' "defiance" of the Indians.[4][5]

The Defiance, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Defiance County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 414 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 411 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.7%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 6,966
1860 11,886 70.6%
1870 15,719 32.2%
1880 22,515 43.2%
1890 25,769 14.5%
1900 26,387 2.4%
1910 24,498 −7.2%
1920 24,549 0.2%
1930 22,714 −7.5%
1940 24,367 7.3%
1950 25,925 6.4%
1960 31,508 21.5%
1970 36,949 17.3%
1980 39,987 8.2%
1990 39,350 −1.6%
2000 39,500 0.4%
2010 39,037 −1.2%
Est. 2013 38,532 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 39,500 people, 15,138 households, and 11,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 96 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 16,040 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.59% White, 1.75% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 7.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.6% were of German, 13.5% American, 6.8% Irish and 5.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,138 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,938, and the median income for a family was $50,876. Males had a median income of $37,936 versus $23,530 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,667. About 4.50% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Based on how closely the county came to matching the nationwide swing for or against the winning Presidential candidate, Defiance deviated the least from 1980 to 2004. In 2004, the difference between the points swing vs. the national trend was just 0.05%. It was very tight in all the other elections since 1980: 4.6% in 2000, 0.4% in 1996, 0.04% (exactly) in 1992, 0.6% in 1988, 0.03 in 1984, and 2.1% in 1980.[12]

In 2008, it finally lost its bellwether status when John McCain won with 54% of the vote.[13]

Communities[edit]

Map of Defiance County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The closeness of elections in Defiance County has also been referenced in fiction; the ABC political drama Scandal in their second season had as the center of the ongoing plot of the first half of that season, a vote manipulation conspiracy which bent the presidential election towards Republican candidate Fitzgerald Grant based on tampering of the voting machines in Defiance County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Defiance County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor". Retrieved 2007-04-05. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://massinc.typepad.com/beyondredandblue/2008/08/top-50-bellweth.html
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°19′N 84°29′W / 41.32°N 84.49°W / 41.32; -84.49