Deganwy Castle

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Deganwy Castle
Conwy, North Wales
Castell Degannwy 01.JPG
Deganwy Castle with the modern town below it
Deganwy Castle is located in Conwy
Deganwy Castle
Deganwy Castle
Coordinates grid reference SH782794
Type Castle
Site information
Condition Earthworks remain
Site history
Materials Stone

Deganwy Castle (Medieval Latin: Arx Deganhui;[1] Middle Welsh: Caer Ddegannwy; Modern Welsh: Castell Degannwy) was an early stronghold of Gwynedd and lies in Deganwy at the mouth of the River Conwy in Conwy, north Wales. It lies at an elevation of 110 m (361 ft) above sea level on two volcanic plugs.[2]

Details[edit]

The Dark Age fortress, which is now little more than ditches and mounds, was formerly made of wood and constructed on a massive rock outcrop in what is now the suburbs of modern Llandudno. Traditionally, it was the headquarters of Maelgwn Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd (fl. c. 520–547). A nearby hill is called Bryn Maelgwyn and other places in the locality are associated with him. An important coin hoard of 204 Silver Cnut Pennies were found here in July 1979.

Ruins and features of the main entrance to Deganwy Castle seen from one of the "towers"

Deganwy was probably first occupied during the Roman period, but was popular in the years following their departure because it was safe from Irish raids. The area beneath the rocky stronghold may have been the site of a settlement of serfs. The stronghold was destroyed when struck by lightning around the year 860.[3]

The castle was rebuilt in stone for King Henry III of England, but was abandoned and finally destroyed by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales in 1263. Conwy Castle was later constructed just across the estuary.

The lower of the two hills, part of a wall can be seen

When the ruins were excavated by archaeologist Leslie Alcock in the 1960s a dozen sherds of Dark Age pottery which had been imported from the Mediterranean were discovered indicating the far-reaching contacts of Gwynedd's royal dynasty.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ s:la:Annales Cambriae (B Text), 13th century (Latin)
  2. ^ "Put a cork in it". Geocaching.com. Retrieved September 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Based on Phillimore's reconstruction of the dating in the Annales Cambriae (A Text).