Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture

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Dehong Prefecture
德宏州 · Dehong.svg · Sikung Mau
Autonomous prefecture
德宏傣族景颇族自治州 · Sikung Sam Zaizo Byumyu Yumsing Upkang Mau
Chinese transcription(s)
Location of Dehong Prefecture jurisdiction in Yunnan
Location of Dehong Prefecture jurisdiction in Yunnan
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture seat Mang City
Area
 • Total 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,211,440
 • Density 110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard
Postal code 678400
Area code(s) 0692
Website dh.gov.cn

The Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Zaiwa: Sikung Sam Zaizo Byumyu Yumsing Upkang Mau; simplified Chinese: 德宏傣族景颇族自治州; traditional Chinese: 德宏傣族景頗族自治州; pinyin: Déhóng Dǎizú Jǐngpōzú Zìzhìzhōu) is located in western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, and is one of the eight autonomous prefectures of the province, bordering Baoshan to the east and Burma's Kachin State to the west.

Geography[edit]

Dehong stretches 122 km (76 mi) from east to west and 170 km (110 mi) from north to south, its area is 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mang City, Yunnan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14
(57)
17
(62)
21
(69)
25
(77)
26
(78)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
20
(68)
17
(62)
15
(59)
21.1
(69.7)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(35)
3
(37)
6
(42)
10
(50)
15
(59)
17
(62)
17
(62)
16
(60)
14
(57)
11
(51)
7
(44)
3
(37)
10.1
(49.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
20
(0.8)
20
(0.8)
38
(1.5)
99
(3.9)
178
(7.0)
185
(7.3)
170
(6.7)
114
(4.5)
69
(2.7)
36
(1.4)
15
(0.6)
959
(37.8)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Administration[edit]

Dehong is divided into three counties and two county level cities:

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Dehong mcp.png
1 Mang City 芒市 Máng Shì 389,891 2,987 131
2 Ruili City 瑞丽市 Ruìlì Shì 180,627 1,020 177
3 Lianghe County 梁河县 Liánghé Xiàn 154,175 1,159 133
4 Yingjiang County 盈江县 Yíngjiāng Xiàn 305,167 4,429 69
5 Longchuan County 陇川县 Lǒngchuān Xiàn 181,580 1,931 94

The prefectural government seat is Mang City.

Population[edit]

The population of Dehong in 2003 was of 1.02 million, 48.17% of whom were Han Chinese, 51.83% were national minorities, mostly Dai and Jingpo.

History[edit]

The area was declared an autonomous region in 1953 and in May 1956 became an autonomous prefecture. In 1960 when interprovincial migration took place as many farmers came to Yunnan to farm bananas, many Hunanese farmers rebuilt a place, a very long time ago before this many Chinese were in fact very scared of going there because of an illness that lurked there. It was later discovered that it was a tropical disease, these farmers helped to get rid of the disease. They made clearings, roads and made space for fields and plantations. This was during the "Great Leap Forward" when a biologist working for Mao Zedong wrote an article about the weather in Yunnan being very suitable for bananas to be planted.

Further reading[edit]

  • Luo, Yongxian. A Grammar of Dehong, Southwest China. Canberra, ACT: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1999. ISBN 0-85883-496-0

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°26′N 98°35′E / 24.433°N 98.583°E / 24.433; 98.583