|Dehri On Sone
|• Type||Nagar Parishad(Municipality)|
|• Body||Dehri Nagar Parishad|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|• Others||Bhojpuri, Magahi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC5:30)|
Dehri, also known as Dehri on Sone, is a city and a municipality in Rohtas district in the state of Bihar, India. It is a sub-division under Patna division and headquarters of the Bihar Military Police (BMP-2) as well as The Police headquarters of the Sahabad Range. Dehri is well connected by road and rail and has own airbase. It has a literacy rate of 83.38%, higher than the national average of 74.04% as per census 2011.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Etymology and History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Climate
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation and connectivity
- 7 Places of note
- 8 Festivals
- 9 Shopping
- 10 Theatres
- 11 Nearby villages
- 12 References
Dehri lies on the bank of the Sone River with an average elevation of 99 metres (324 feet). It has a Railway station on the Gaya-Mughalsarai section of Grand Chord railways route. Until 1984, it had three railway stations. There were two separate railway stations called Dehri-on-Sone and Dehri – one for narrow gauge Dehri Rohtas Light Railway and one for the Grand Chord Line.During British period, the Dehri on sone, station was called "Sone east Bank" by East Indian Railways [EIR].The two railway stations had no rail link because of the gauge difference and were separated by a road called Station road. The third station, Dehri City Railway station, was situated at the centre of the town on Dehri-Rohtas light Railway route. The Grand Trunk Road/शेर शाह सूरी मार्ग (NH 2) passes through the heart of the town. Dalmianagar, an industrial town is close to Dehri. Dehri is also called Dehri-On-Sone and sometimes combined as Dehri-Dalmianagar. The main occupation of the local population is agriculture – principally rice. Limestone,and sand (from the river bed of Sone rever).
Etymology and History
Dehri is a very old town and was prime camp on The Grand Trunk Road (earlier called Sadak-e-Azam during Mughal times, now called the "Old G.T. Road" or "Sher Shah Suri Marg"). During the British Raj, soldiers on its way from Calcutta to Delhi used to cross the Sone and usually rested at a place near the present town now known as Parao meaning camp or halt in Hindi. It is also said that the name Dehri has been derived from the word "Dera" meaning basetown or camp in Hindi and Urdu. It was also known for its mild climate during autumn and spring. Noted Bengali Novelist Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote his famous novel Grihadaaha in the town while he was on vacation. Dehri High School is one of the oldest secondary education centres in Bihar, established by the British for western-style education.
Closure of the industrial complex
Dehri owes much of its prosperity to the Dalmianagar Industries. "Dalmia Industrial Estate" in Dehri boasted a housing colony, gardens, clubs, schools and market complexes for its employees. Rohtas Industries had their own private aircraft in those days and a small air-field at Dehri.
The prosperity of Dalmianagar started to decline in the mid-1970s as the law and order situation in this industrial town began to worsen. Workers were provoked to go on strikes for political reasons. Slowly, executives and professionals began to leave and the factories were mismanaged. By the mid-1980s factories started to shut down. Massive State Electricity Board bills remained unpaid by Rohtas Industries. There were irregularities in payment of salaries and wages to employees. By the 1990s, Dalmianagar was deserted.The famous,girls high school, and Dalmianagar higher secondary school, which were established and run by the Rohtas Industries gave the best result in the Board exams.The earstwhile students were holding the best position in the country, outside world also.
Thus together with the unemployed registered with the local Employment exchange numbering 3,28,839, the total number of workers seeking employment as in June, 1987 added up to 3,41,024. The situation further worsened when thousands of people who were earlier engaged in ancillary industries in some form or the other also lost their job.
According to the 2011 Indian census, Dehri had a population of 137,068. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Dehri has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74% and, female literacy is 57%.
The official language is Hindi and Urdu. People speak in Hindi but mostly in Bhojpuri. English is also understood by some people in the town. Dehri is divided in 39 wards.
Although summer temperatures may reach 43 to 48 degrees Celsius, the average summer temperature is 38 degrees. During winter the temperature is around 5 to 10 degrees Celsius. Normal rainfall is 949 mm.
For primary education, the city offers many government supported and private schools, which provide education in Hindi as well as English. Schools include Model School,GEMS English School, DAV Public School Katar, DAV Public School, RBS Education Foundation, Holistic Heritage Academy, Sun Beam Public School, Gurukul School Sujanpur and Dehri High School, Dillion High School, High School (Inter College) Dalmiangar, STR School etc.
There are many girls' schools including Rama Rani Jain Balika Uchch Vidyalaya, Balika vidyalaya, Dalmianagar and one women's college: Mahila College. For higher education, there are several UG colleges: Jawahar Lal Nehru College, Jagjivan College, Women's College and RKS College,Bansi Ram degree College, Baba Ganinath College Katar, Mata Gujari Mahila College.
Transportation and connectivity
The city is a major stations: The railway bridge between Dehri-on-Sone railway station and Son Nagar railway station is the second longest railway bridge of India having length of 3.03 K.M. of 93 span each having a length of 32.58m. There is a domestic airport, Suara Airport in Dehri On Sone. It is occasionally used for private planes, choppers and helicopters. Dehri is on GT Road NH 2 connecting Kolkata and Delhi. The local public transportation is buses, Taxi, cycle rickshaw and auto rickshaw available 24 hours.
Places of note
Indrapuri Barrage is one of the longest dams in India. It is located nearly 9 km from Main Town. From it flows two major and several other smaller canals which supply the whole of western and central Bihar with water for irrigation.
Sone View Area
Old Anicut Dam
This is the remains of old anicut dam. This dam was built in 1876 A.D. by the Government of British India. At that time this dam was a specimen of modern technology. Many American scientist studied this dam and they used this technology in America. During course of time this dam became shorter due to large irrigation demand. Therefore, in 1967 at 7 km south of the dam, there have being built a large dam, known as Indrapuri dam or Indrapuri Barrage. From this time this dam is abandoned and presently hosts a remarkable place to visit and holds marvelous evenings during sun set.
Situated at Rohtas, 40 km south of Dehri on Kaimur Range and 1500 m above sea level, It is accessible via NH 2C (National Highway 2C originating from NH 2 the Grand Trunk Road at Dehri itself), famous for Rohtasgarh Fort. Rohitashva, son of King Harishchandra founded the town of Rohtas Garh in Rohtas district, Bihar, as well as Rohtak,Haryana, originally Rohitakaul, meaning from the Kul (family) of Rohit. The Rohtas Fort is one of the most ancient forts of India. The culture of the Sone Valley is best symbolized by the Rohtasgarh Fort, which is a testimony of strength and power. Places of interest here are Hathiya Pol and Elephant Gate, The Aina Mahal, Jami Masjid and Habsh Khan's mausoleum, Ganesh Temple, The Hanging House, Rohtasan Temple and Devi Temple, Diwan-e-khas, and Diwan-e-aam. There are many waterfalls in this area, falls from top of kaimur hill towards east and joins Sone River and one can also Visit Dhurwan Kund, Gupta Dham caves & tutla bhawni,Shergarh fort on this Hill.
Situated 17 km West of Dehri, Sasaram is accessible via Grand Trunk Road/NH 2 and by train. Sasaram has a railway station (Junction) on Howrah-New Delhi Grand Chord line of the Indian Railways, connecting Calcutta and New Delhi, headquarters of Rohtas District as well as the Sadar Subdivision Sasaram.
There is a temple of Goddess Tarachandi and a small inscription of Pratap Dhawal on the rock close to the temple of Chandi Devi. Hindus assemble there in large numbers to worship the goddess.
Major festivals are Holi, Durgapuja, Dussehra, Diwali, [Gobardhanpuja Krishnapuja ]'Chitragupt Puja, Bhai dooj, Teej, Vat Savitri pooja and most important is Chhath. Chhath puja is grandly celebrated in the town. The whole town is decorated and wherever people from the town have migrated to, they come back to celebrate this festival. People dedicate themselves in social services like cleaning of roads, helping others during this festival.
There are two main markets, Dehri Bazaar and Station Road Bazaar. There is no local speciality of Dehri markets. Shopping center at old GT Road Sinha Complex is under construction single largest seventh floor shopping complex in town.
Jai hind on Pali Road, Apsara(now closed) near Thana Chowk, Trimurti on Station Road, Delight, Rohit Chitra Mandir are the important theatres of this city.
Maudihan, Katar, Bastipur,Narsingh Bigha, Narayanpur, Diliyan (Ghongha-Diliyan), Bhaisaha, Darekhap, Pahleja, Rajpur, Sabadala,Amiyawar, Bank, Akori Gola, Sidhauli, Hurka,Berkap 'Sanat Bigha, Bheria, Tar-bangala, Manikpur, Manoura, paruhar, Badiha, Ayarkotha, Darihat, Makrain, Hawdih, Virodih, Sohgi, Mangitpur, Saraon, Bisrampur, Sakhra, Baligaon, Durgapur, Amari, Bastipur, Sujanpur, Dharahara, Tarwan, Pakari,Pipardih,Suara,Tenua,Khairahan,Ojhabigha,Snath bigha, Pawani, Bharkol, gangauli, ghani bigha, mitho pur, bhaluadi,chilbila
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Sone Bridge
- Old Anicut Dam
- "Pin Code of Dehri". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-13.