Deir El Aachayer

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Deir El Aachayer
ديرالعشاير.
Village
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Beqaa Governorate
District Rashaya District
Area
 • Total 9.9 sq mi (26 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 500
Deir El Aachayer Temple
1,250 metres (4,100 ft)
1,250 metres (4,100 ft)
Shown within Lebanon
Location near Rashaya
Region Bekaa Valley
Coordinates 33°35′21″N 36°01′09″E / 33.589181°N 36.019169°E / 33.589181; 36.019169
Length 30 metres (98 ft)
History
Builder Romans
Material Stone
Cultures Greek, Roman
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

Deir El Aachayer (Arabic: ديرالعشاير.‎) is a village north of Rashaya, in the Rashaya District and south of the Beqaa Governorate in Lebanon.[1]

The municipality is located on the border frontier of the Kaza of Rashaya, one of eight mohafazats (governorates). It sits at a height of 1,250 metres (4,100 ft) above sea level an its surface area covers 2,563 hectares (9.90 sq mi) hectares. The registered population of the village is around 500, predominantly Druze.[2] Actual residents may number only around 250, distributed among about 90 households. The village has a municipal council made up of nine members, and a town mayor. Residents rely on farming as a main source of income, especially grapes, fruit and wheat. Residents also raise and herd sheep and cows, which have been a good source of milk. Farmers in the village have had difficulty selling their products in modern times.[3]

Deir El Aachayer has a number of local springs, including Ain Halalweh, Ain Shayeb, Ain Rouk, Ain Dibb. The village was once known by the name Deir Mar Sema’an, owing to the Monastery of Saint Simon, known locally as Al Borj, said to have been built by the Romans for preaching, religious ceremonies and practices by disciples of Saint Simon the Baptist. The monastery having been a stronghold for the students, enabling them to expand their teaching in Syria.[4]

Roman temple[edit]

The village is near toa the remains of a substantial Greco-Roman style temple dedicated to unknown deities, with 30 metres (98 ft) long foundations and columns re-used in local construction.[5] A Greek inscription was found noting that a bench was installed "in the year 242, under Beeliabos, also called Diototos, son of Abedanos, high priest of the gods of Kiboreia". Julien Alquot argued that the bench had liturgical uses as a mobile throne.[6] The era of the gods of Kiboreia is not certain, as is their location which is not conclusively to be identified with Deir El Aachayer, but was possibly the Roman sanctuary or the name of a settlement in the area. It has been suggested that the name Kiboreia was formed from the Aramaic word kbr, meaning a "place of great abundance".[7]

References[edit]

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