Dekasegi (Portuguese: dekassegui, dekasségui, [dekaseˈgi], [dekɐˈsɛgi]) is a term used in Latin American cultures to refer to ethnic Japanese people who have migrated to Japan, having taken advantage of Japanese citizenship or nisei visa and immigration laws to escape economic instability in South America. The vast majority are Brazilians, but there is also a large population of Peruvians, as well as far smaller populations of other Latin Americans.
The original Japanese word dekasegi (出稼ぎ?) roughly translates as "working away from home". This can cause annoyance to those of Japanese descent who were born abroad, but have come to regard Japan as their permanent home, and therefore object to being regarded by Japanese (in Japan) as gaijin or foreigners.
There are approximately 275,000 such people in Japan from Brazil alone.
Many code-switch Japanese when speaking Portuguese.
- Ethnic issues in Japan
- Issei, Nisei, Sansei and Yonsei
- Japanese Brazilian
- Japanese Peruvian
- Japanese people
- Language minority students in Japanese classrooms
- Dekasseguês – the mix of Portuguese and Japanese spoken by the dekasegi – Isto é Japão!. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Future Policy Regarding Cooperation with Overseas Communities of Nikkei
- Portal for 100-20 years of immigration between Japan and Brazil, Rare pictures
- Inmigración peruana en Japón