29 September 1986|
|Died||1 May 2009
|Other names||The Prisoner of Colors; Aram|
|Criminal penalty||Death by hanging|
Delara Darabi (Persian: دلارا دارابى) (S29 September 1986 – 1 May 2009) was an Iranian Gilaki woman who was sentenced to death after having been convicted of murdering her father's female cousin in 2003. Although Delara initially claimed that she had committed the crime, she subsequently recanted and explained that her older boyfriend, Amir Hossein, had persuaded her to lie about the incident to protect him. According to Delara and other sources[who?] familiar with the case, Amir Hossein was the person who had committed the murder in an attempt to steal from a wealthy member of the Darabi family.
Darabi served five years of a prison sentence for theft on death row after her conviction. (In Iran, prisoners often have to serve time in prison before execution.) She initially confessed, but later recanted, claiming her boyfriend, Amir Hossein, persuaded her to confess by convincing her that he would be executed (as she would not have been in most places, being a minor; but this was not the case in Iran).
While on death row, Darabi, having developed a love of painting at an early age, completed several works that depicted her incarceration. In confinement, she also wrote poetry. Among her work is the poem entitled "Prison", a psychological and philosophical work on life in prison. A collection of her art was displayed at an exhibition in Tehran by supporters campaigning her release. Darabi's lawyer, Abdolsamad Khoramshahi, had appealed against the sentence, arguing that her conviction had been based solely on her confession and that her trial had failed to consider vital evidence.
Darabi was born in the northern city of Rasht, in the province of Gilan. Before her arrest she was a high-school student. She had three sisters: Elaheh, Ghazale and Sheida. As of July 2011, Delara's oldest sister, Elaheh, has married and Ghazale has graduated from college. Her sisters were also born in Rasht.
Darabi was hanged in the morning of 1 May 2009. The news of her hanging was announced to the world by internationally recognized Iranian-American lawyer, Lily Mazahery, who posted the information on Twitter.
Trial and sentence
Darabi was tried by a lower court in Rasht, found guilty and sentenced to death. Her lawyer was Abdolsamad Khorramshahi. The sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court. She maintained her innocence, and claimed that she was under the influence of drugs during the burglary, despite making a confession and pleading guilty earlier. At this stage the Head of the Judiciary had the power to order a stay of execution and a review of the case. The boyfriend Amir Hossein has reportedly received a prison sentence of 10 years as an accessory to the crime.
Darabi was a painter and wrote a few poems during her lifetime. She had used her paintings and poems to express her feelings. In 2008 there was an exhibition of her paintings in Tehran; a similar exhibition was held in Stockholm in April 2007.
Petitions for clemency
An online petition to save Delara from execution was drafted and circulated around the world. The petition appealed to Iranian authorities, particularly the country's head of judiciary, to observe international treaties and standards and to commute Delara's sentence. However, there was no way the judiciary could do so, since the vicitim's family demanded qisas, or retribution (the death penalty) rather than diyya, which is blood money. Amnesty International arranged for letters in support of Darabi to be sent to Iranian authorities.
As a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Iran has entered into diplomatic commitments not to execute persons for offences committed when they were under 18. Nevertheless, since 1990, Iran has executed at least 18 people for crimes committed when they were juveniles. In 2005 alone, despite being urged in the January by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child to suspend the practice immediately, at least eight juvenile offenders were executed, including two who were still under 18 at the time of their execution. Before Darabi's, the last recorded execution of a juvenile offender, Rostam Tajik, was on 10 December 2005.
On 9 December,[when?] Philip Alston, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, stated: "At a time when virtually every other country in the world has firmly and clearly renounced the execution of people for crimes they committed as children, the Iranian approach is particularly unacceptable... it is all the more surprising because the obligation to refrain from such executions is not only clear and incontrovertible, but the Government of Iran has itself stated that it will cease this practice."
According to the penal code of the Islamic Republic of Iran, children are considered criminally responsible for their actions as adults at the age of puberty. Pursuant to Article 1210, Addendum 1, girls reach the age of puberty 6 years before their male counterparts, at age of 9. Boys, on the other hand, are not legally considered to have reached the maturity that would make them responsible for their actions, such as murder, until the age of 15.
Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International say Iran executes the most juvenile offenders of any country, in breach of the UN Convention, which forbids the death penalty for crimes committed under the age of 18. Lawyers[who?] estimate 130 prisoners are on death row in Iran for murders committed as minors.
|Wikinews has related news: Iran executes woman despite a stay of execution|
The head of the judiciary officially granted a two-month stay of execution, yet the go-ahead for her execution was given to Rasht prison authorities. Delara Darabi was executed at 5:00 AM local time on 1 May 2009 at Rasht Central Prison, without prior notification to her attorney and family. Just minutes before being hanged she was allowed to make a desperate last phone call to her parents, and she pleaded for them to save her, followed by the prison warden's voice informing her parents she was to be executed for her crimes immediately.
- Stop Child Executions Campaign
- Zahra Bani Yaghoub
- Reza Alinejad
- Nazanin Fatehi
- Mosleh Zamani
- Human rights in Iran
- Atefeh Sahaaleh
- "Child offender at risk of execution". The Wire 37 (2) (London: Amnesty International). 2007-03-01. p. 4. ISSN 1472-443X. Archived from the original on 2009-05-03. Retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Iran: Death penalty/ legal concern: Delara Darabi (f), Amnesty International, 6 January 2006, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Teen Gets Death Sentence for Resisting Rape, February 2006, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Iran: Further information on death penalty / legal concern: Delara Darabi, Amnesty International, 31 July 2006[dead link]
- Iran: Quashing of child offender's death sentence highlights need for urgent legal reform, Amnesty International, 15 January 2007, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Iran: Further information on death penalty / legal concern: Delara Darabi (f), Amnesty International, 27 April 2007, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Delara Darabi paintings presentation, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- STOP Child Executions in Iran, archived from the original on October 23, 2007, retrieved 2009-05-03
- Delara's painting exhibition: April 28, 2007 Amsterdam, 3 April 2007, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Darabi, Delara (30 April 2007), Prison by Delara Darabiدلارا دارابى.... زندان, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- Darabi, Delara (2 May 2007), While Free: by Delara Derabi, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- "پدر دل آرا در گفت وگو با «اعتماد»؛ براي اثبات بي گناهي دخترم تلاش مي کنم" [Delara's father in an interview with "Etemaad"; I'm trying to prove my innocence]. Etemaad (in Farsi). Bahman 25 1385 (February 14 2007). Archived from the original on February 18, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- http://www.savedelara.com[dead link]
- Stop child executions: Delara Darabi, Amnesty International, 1 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-03
- UA 306/05, MDE 13/075/2005, 6 December 2005
- Islamic Republic of Iran and Penal Codes
- Delara Darabi executed in Iran, Amnesty International, 1 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-03
- Tait, Robert (2 May 2009). "Outcry as Iran executes artist over juvenile conviction". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-05-03. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Tait, Robert (2009-05-02). "Outcry as Iran executes artist over juvenile conviction". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- Who makes decision in Iranian Judiciary system? (in Persian), 5 March 2009, retrieved 2009-05-03[dead link]
- SaveDelara!, retrieved 2009-05-03
- A Prisoner of Colors story of Delara Darabi facing execution in Iran (Video), retrieved 2009-05-03 A documentary about Delara Darabi
- Iran: Amnesty International calls for end to death penalty for child offenders, Amnesty International, 16 January 2006, retrieved 2009-03-05[dead link]
- Stop Child Executions in Iran, retrieved 2009-05-03 A video collage about Delara Darabi and other minors on death row
- Delara Darabi (in Polish), May 2009, archived from the original on 2009-05-04, retrieved 2009-04-05 Polish campaign for Delara Darabi
- Iranian Criminal Laws for Minors (in Persian), retrieved 2009-05-09