Delaware's at-large congressional district

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Delaware's At-large congressional district
Delaware at large.png
Current Representative John C. Carney, Jr. (DWilmington)
Area 2,489 mi²
Distribution 80.0% urban, 20.0% rural
Population (2010) 897,934
Median income $57,357
Ethnicity 68.9% White, 21.4% Black, 8.2% Hispanic, 1.5% other
Cook PVI D+7

Delaware's at-large congressional district is a congressional district that includes the entire U.S. state of Delaware.

It is currently represented by Democrat John C. Carney, Jr., the former Lieutenant Governor of Delaware.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 52 - 37%
2000 President Gore 55 - 42%
2004 President Kerry 53 - 45%
2008 President Obama 61 - 36%
2012 President Obama 59 - 40%

History[edit]

See also: General ticket

Delaware has always had only one U.S. Representative, except for 10 years between 1813 and 1823, when there was a second Representative. This person was elected statewide, at-large, on the same ballot as the first Representative. The two candidates with the highest number of votes were elected.

Former U.S. Representative Michael N. Castle, a Republican and former Governor of Delaware, had held this seat easily from January 1993 until his retirement in January 2011 after his unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination to run for the U.S. Senate.

List of Representatives[edit]

# Representative Years Party Congress(es) Electoral history
1 ViningJohnM 0001.jpg John M. Vining March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1793
Pro-
Administration
1
2
Elected in 1789
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
2 PattenJohn.jpg John Patten March 4, 1793 –
February 14, 1794
Anti-
Administration
3 Elected in 1792
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
3 Henry Latimer Henry Latimer February 14, 1794 –
February 7, 1795
Pro-
Administration
3 Elected in 1794
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
4 PattenJohn.jpg John Patten March 4, 1795 –
March 4, 1797
Democratic-
Republican
4 Elected in 1794
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
5 BayardJames ASr.jpg James A. Bayard, Sr. March 4, 1797 –
March 4, 1803
Federalist 5
6
7
Elected in 1796
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
6 Rodneycaesara3.jpg Caesar A. Rodney March 4, 1803 –
March 4, 1805
Democratic-
Republican
8
17
Elected in 1802
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
7 No image.svg James M. Broom March 4, 1805 –
October 6, 1807
Federalist 9
10
Elected in 1804
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
8 Vandykenjr.jpg Nicholas Van Dyke October 6, 1807 –
March 4, 1811
Federalist 10
11
Elected in 1807
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
9 Ridgelyhm.jpg Henry M. Ridgely March 4, 1811 –
March 4, 1815
Federalist 12
13
Elected in 1810
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
10 Thomas Clayton US.jpg Thomas Clayton March 4, 1815 –
March 4, 1817
Federalist 14 Elected in 1814
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
11 LMcLane.jpg Louis McLane March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1827
Federalist 15
16
17
Elected in 1816
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
Crawford Federalist 18
Jacksonian 19
12 JohnsKenseyJr.jpg Kensey Johns, Jr. October 2, 1827 –
March 4, 1831
Adams 20 Elected in 1827
[Data unknown/missing.
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Anti-
Jacksonian
21
13 MilliganJohnJ.jpg John J. Milligan March 4, 1831 –
March 4, 1839
Anti-
Jacksonian
22
23
24
Elected in 1830
[Data unknown/missing.
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Whig 25
14 No image.svg Thomas Robinson, Jr. March 4, 1839 –
March 4, 1841
Democratic 26 Elected in 1838
[Data unknown/missing.
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15 No image.svg George B. Rodney March 4, 1841 –
March 4, 1845
Whig 27
28
Elected in 1840
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
16 No image.svg John W. Houston March 4, 1845 –
March 4, 1851
Whig 29
30
31
Elected in 1844
[Data unknown/missing.
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17 George R. Riddle - Brady-Handy.jpg George R. Riddle March 4, 1851 –
March 4, 1855
Democratic 32
33
Elected in 1850
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
18 No image.svg Elisha D. Cullen March 4, 1855 –
March 4, 1857
Know
Nothing
34 Elected in 1854
[Data unknown/missing.
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19 WilliamGWhiteley.jpg William G. Whiteley March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1861
Democratic 35
36
Elected in 1856
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
20 Hon. George P. Fisher, Del - NARA - 526255.jpg George P. Fisher March 4, 1861 –
March 4, 1863
Republican 37 Elected in 1860
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
21 William Temple William Temple March 4, 1863 –
May 28, 1863
Democratic 38 Elected in 1862
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
22 No image.svg Nathaniel B. Smithers December 7, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Republican 38 Elected in 1863
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
23 John A. Nicholson.jpeg John A. Nicholson March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1869
Democratic 39
40
Elected in 1864
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
24 Benjamin T. Biggs Benjamin T. Biggs March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1873
Democratic 41
42
Elected in 1868
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
25 No image.svg James R. Lofland March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875
Republican 43 Elected in 1872
[Data unknown/missing.
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26 James Williams Delaware representative - Brady-Handy.jpg James Williams March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1879
Democratic 44
45
Elected in 1874
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
27 No image.svg Edward L. Martin March 4, 1879 –
March 4, 1883
Democratic 46
47
Elected in 1878
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
28 No image.svg Charles B. Lore March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1887
Democratic 48
49
Elected in 1882
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
29 No image.svg John B. Penington March 4, 1887 –
March 4, 1891
Democratic 50
51
Elected in 1886
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
30 JohnWCausey.jpg John W. Causey March 4, 1891 –
March 4, 1895
Democratic 52
53
Elected in 1890
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
31 JonathanSWillis.jpg Jonathan S. Willis March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1897
Republican 54 Elected in 1894
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
32 No image.svg L. Irving Handy March 4, 1897 –
March 4, 1899
Democratic 55 Elected in 1896
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
33 Hoffeckerjohn.jpg John H. Hoffecker March 4, 1899 –
June 16, 1900
Republican 56 Elected in 1898
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
34 No image.svg Walter O. Hoffecker November 6, 1900 –
March 4, 1901
Republican 56 Elected in 1900
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
35 BallHeisler.jpg L. Heisler Ball March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1903
Republican 57 Elected in 1900
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
36 No image.svg Henry A. Houston March 4, 1903 –
March 4, 1905
Democratic 58 Elected in 1902
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
37 Burtonhiram.jpg Hiram R. Burton March 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1909
Republican 59
60
Elected in 1904
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
38 No image.svg William H. Heald March 4, 1909 –
March 4, 1913
Republican 61
62
Elected in 1908
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
39 FranklinBrockson.jpg Franklin Brockson March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1915
Democratic 63 Elected in 1912
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
40 Thomas W. Miller.jpg Thomas W. Miller March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1917
Republican 64 Elected in 1914
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
41 Ww polk 01.jpg Albert F. Polk March 4, 1917 –
March 4, 1919
Democratic 65 Elected in 1916
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
42 Caleb R Layton 2.jpg Caleb R. Layton March 4, 1919 –
March 4, 1923
Republican 66
67
Elected in 1918
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
43 WilliamHBoyce.jpg William H. Boyce March 4, 1923 –
March 4, 1925
Democratic 68 Elected in 1922
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
44 RobertGHouston.jpg Robert G. Houston March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1933
Republican 69
70
71
72
Elected in 1924
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
45 No image.svg Wilbur L. Adams March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Democratic 73 Elected in 1932
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
46 JGeorgeStewart.jpg J. George Stewart January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
Republican 74 Elected in 1934
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
47 No image.svg William F. Allen January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic 75 Elected in 1936
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
48 No image.svg George S. Williams January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Republican 76 Elected in 1938
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
49 No image.svg Philip A. Traynor January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Democratic 77 Elected in 1940
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
50 No image.svg Earle D. Willey January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Republican 78 Elected in 1942
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
51 No image.svg Philip A. Traynor January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Democratic 79 Elected in 1944
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
52 BoggsCaleb.jpg J. Caleb Boggs January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Republican 80
81
82
Elected in 1946
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
53 No image.svg Herbert B. Warburton January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
Republican 83 Elected in 1952
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
54 Harris B. McDowell, Jr..jpg Harris B. McDowell, Jr. January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1957
Democratic 84 Elected in 1954
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
55 No image.svg Harry G. Haskell, Jr. January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1959
Republican 85 Elected in 1956
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
56 Harris B. McDowell, Jr..jpg Harris B. McDowell, Jr. January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1967
Democratic 86
87
88
89
Elected in 1958
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
57 Sen. William V. Roth (R-DE).jpg Bill Roth January 3, 1967 –
December 31, 1970
Republican 90
91
Elected in 1966
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
58 Petedupont.jpg Pierre S. du Pont IV January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
Republican 92
93
94
Elected in 1970
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
59 Thomas B. Evans, Jr..jpg Thomas B. Evans, Jr. January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1983
Republican 95
96
97
Elected in 1976
[Data unknown/missing.
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]
60 Tom Carper 102nd Congressional portrait.jpg Tom Carper January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic 98
99
100
101
102
Elected in 1982
Retired to run for Governor of Delaware
61 Castlemn.jpg Michael Castle January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
Republican 103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Elected in 1992
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
62 John C. Carney Jr. official portrait 112th Congress.jpg John C. Carney, Jr. January 3, 2011 –
present
Democratic 112
113
Elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012

Second at-large seat: 1813–1823[edit]

From 1813 to 1823, Delaware elected two members of the United States House of Representatives. Both were elected state-wide at-large. This is a list of the four men who held that second seat during that decade.

# Representative Years Party Congress Electoral history
1 No image.svg Thomas Cooper March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Federalist 13
14
Elected in 1812
Re-elected in 1814
[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
]
2 WillardHall.jpg Willard Hall March 4, 1817 –
January 22, 1821
Democratic-
Republican
15 Elected in 1816
Re-elected in 1818
Lost re-election and resigned early
16
Vacant January 22, 1821 –
March 4, 1821
 
3 Rodneycaesara3.jpg Caesar A. Rodney March 4, 1821 –
January 24, 1822
Democratic-
Republican
17 Elected in 1820
Resigned when elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant January 24, 1822 –
October 1, 1822
 
4 Daniel Rodney.jpg Daniel Rodney October 1, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Federalist Elected in 1822 to finish his cousin's term
[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
]

Recent election results[edit]

1920192219241926192819301932193419361938194019421944194619481950195219541956195819601962196419661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010

1920[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1920
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Caleb R. Layton 52,145 55.7%
Democratic James R. Clements 40,206 42.9%
Socialist Robert A. Walker 1,063 .01%
Independent Howard T. Ennis 196 0.002%
Totals 93,609 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1922[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1922
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William H. Boyce 39,126 53.9%
Republican Caleb R. Layton 32,577 44.9%
Independent Frank A. Houck 908 .01%
Totals 72,611 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1924[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1924
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston 51,536 58.6%
Democratic William H. Boyce 35,943 40.8%
Independent Florence Garvin 519 0.005%
Totals 87,998 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1926[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1926
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston 38,919 52%
Democratic Merrill H. Tilghman 35,943 48%
Totals 74,862 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1928[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1928
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston 66,361 63.5%
Democratic John M. Richardson 38,045 36.4%
Totals 104,406 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1930[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1930
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston 48,493 55.7%
Democratic John P. Le Fevre 38,391 44.1%
Independent Arnold Williams 127 0.001%
Totals 87,011 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1932[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1932
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wilbur L. Adams 51,698 46.1%
Republican Reuben Satterthwaite, Jr. 48,841 43.6%
Prohibition Francis B. Short 10,560 9.4%
Socialist Edgar G. Shaeffer 887 0.008%
Communist Frank Rhoades 110 0.001%
Totals 112,096 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1934[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1934
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican J. George Stewart 52,829 53.3%
Democratic John C. Hazzard 45,771 46.2%
Socialist William A. Mayor 404 .004%
Communist Joseph P. Daniels 58 .0006%
Totals 99,062 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1936[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1936
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William F. Allen 65,485 51.7%
Republican J. George Stewart 55,664 43.9%
Republican James A. Ellison 5,338 4.2%
Socialist William A. Mayor 176 .001%
Totals 126,663 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1938[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1938
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George S. Williams 60,661 55.9%
Democratic William F. Allen 46,989 43.3%
Republican William J. Highfield 816 .007%
Progressive Ralph L. Brown 105 .001%
Totals 108,571 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1940[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1940
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Philip A. Traynor 68,205 51.1%
Republican George S. Williams 64,384 48.3%
Independent Royden C. Caulk 816 .006%
Totals 133,405 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1980[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1980[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Thomas B. Evans, Jr. (inc.) 133,842 61.80%
Democratic Robert Maxwell 81,227 37.51%
Libertarian Lawrence Sullivan 1,506 0.70%
Totals 216,575 100.00%
Republican hold

1982[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1982[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper 98,533 52.39%
Republican Thomas B. Evans, Jr. (inc.) 87,153 46.34%
American Mary Gies 1,109 0.59%
Libertarian Richard Cohen 711 0.38%
N/A David Nuttall 558 0.30%
Totals 188,064 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

1984[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1984[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (inc.) 142,070 58.46%
Republican Elise du Pont 100,650 41.42%
Libertarian V. Luther Etzel 294 0.12%
Totals 243,014 100.00%
Democratic hold

1986[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1986[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (inc.) 106,351 66.16%
Republican Thomas Nueberger 53,767 33.45%
American Patrick Harrison 639 0.40%
Totals 160,757 100.00%
Democratic hold

1988[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1988[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (inc.) 158,338 67.52%
Republican James P. Krapf 76,179 32.48%
Totals 234,517 100.00%
Democratic hold

1990[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1990[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (inc.) 116,274 65.53%
Republican Ralph Williams 58,037 32.71%
Libertarian Richard Cohen 3,121 1.76%
N/A Write-ins 3 <0.01%
Totals 177,435 100.00%
Democratic hold

1992[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1992[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle 153,037 55.42%
Democratic S. B. Woo 117,426 42.53%
Libertarian Peggy Schmitt 5,661 2.05%
Totals 276,124 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic

1994[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1994[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 137,945 70.74%
Democratic Carol Ann DeSantis 51,793 26.56%
Libertarian Danny Ray Beaver 3,866 1.98%
Delaware Independent Donald M. Hockmuth 1,404 0.72%
Totals 195,008 100.00%
Republican hold

1996[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1996[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 185,577 69.55%
Democratic Dennis E. Williams 73,258 27.45%
Libertarian George A. Jurgensen 4,000 1.50%
Constitution Felicia B. Johnson 3,009 1.13%
Natural Law Bob Mattson 987 0.37%
Totals 266,831 100.00%
Republican hold

1998[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 1998[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 119,811 66.37%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 57,446 31.82%
Constitution James P. Webster 2,411 1.34%
Natural Law Kim Stanley Bemis 859 0.48%
N/A Write-ins 2 <0.01%
Totals 180,529 100.00%
Republican hold

2000[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 2000[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 211,797 67.64%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 96,488 30.81%
Constitution James P. Webster 2,490 0.80%
Libertarian Brad C. Thomas 2,351 0.75%
Totals 313,126 100.00%
Republican hold

2002[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 2002[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 164,605 72.07%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 61,011 26.71%
Libertarian Brad C. Thomas 2,789 1.22%
Totals 228,405 100.00%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 2004[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 245,978 69.09%
Democratic Paul Donnelly 105,716 29.69%
Delaware Independent Maurice J. Barros (write-in) 2,337 0.66%
Libertarian William E. Morris 2,014 0.57%
Totals 356,045 100.00%
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Delaware's At-large congressional district election, 2006[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (inc.) 143,897 57.17%
Democratic Dennis Spivack 97,565 38.76%
Delaware Independent Karen M. Hartley-Nagle 5,769 2.29%
Green Michael Berg 4,463 1.77%
Totals 251,694 100.00%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Delaware's at-large congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michael Castle (inc.) 235,437 61.08%
Democratic Karen Hartley-Nagle 146,434 37.99%
Libertarian Mark Parks 3,586 0.93%
Totals 385,457 100.00%
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Delaware's at-large congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John C. Carney, Jr. 173,543 56.78%
Republican Glen Urquhart 125,442 41.04%
Independent Earl R. Lofland 3,704 1.21%
Libertarian Brent Wangen 1,986 0.65%
Independent Jeffrey Brown 961 0.31%
Totals 305,636 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

2012[edit]

Delaware's at-large congressional district election, 2012[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John C. Carney, Jr. (inc.) 249,905 64.4%
Republican Tom Kovach 129,749 33.4%
Green Bernard August 4,273 1.1%
Libertarian Scott Gesty 4,096 1.1%
Totals 388,023 100.00%
Democratic hold

References[edit]

  • Barone, Michael; Richard E. Cohen (2005). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington: National Journal Group. ISBN 0-89234-112-2. 
  • Martin, Roger A. (1995). Memoirs of the Senate. Newark, DE: Roger A. Martin.