Delaware Army National Guard

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Delaware Army National Guard
Active 1903-
Country United States
Allegiance Delaware
Branch Army National Guard
Type State Army National Guard
Part of Delaware National Guard
Garrison/HQ Wilmington, Delaware
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Francis D. Vavala
State Command Sergeant Major CSM Robert K Miller

The Delaware Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

The Delaware Army National Guard maintains 15 armories in 12 communities.

Delaware Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Delaware Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Delaware.

Seal of the Army National Guard

History[edit]

The Delaware Army National Guard traces its origins back to August 31, 1655, when Swedish settlers were asked to take up arms to defend the colony against a Dutch attack on Fort Christina.

During the American Revolution, Delaware's First Regiment fought with General George Washington at the Battle of Long Island.

In the War of 1812 all Delaware volunteer units saw service at Lewes, where they comprised the bulk of force that drove off a British naval squadron seeking control of the Delaware River. The 198th Signal Battalion (ARNG DE), which traces its lineage to three militia units that were federalized during the War of 1812, is one of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.

In the Mexican War (1846–1847), the Federal Government would not accept volunteer companies but the Delaware volunteers were not content to stay home. After much red tape, a statewide composite unit was formed. They fought with distinction in the battles of Contreras, Cherubusco, Molino del Ray and Chapultepec where there were almost twice as many Delaware volunteers present as marines. The unit lost so many men in these actions it became known as "The Bloody 11th." [1]

The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. One of the units formed since was the 198th Coast Artillery (AA), which traces its history to the three militia units referred to above.

Governor Charles L. Terry, Jr. deployed the National Guard to the city of Wilmington following the assassination of The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on 9 April 1968, at the request of Mayor John Babiarz.[citation needed] One week later, Mayor Babiarz requested the National Guard troops be withdrawn, but Governor Terry refused, and kept them in the city until his term ended in January, 1969. This is reportedly the longest occupation of an American city by state forces in the nation's history.[2] In the aftermath of the occupation, recruiting offices of all military branches were removed from locations within the city limits until the early 2000s.

In the 1980s, aviation regiments began forming in both the regular Army and the National Guard. The 150th Aviation Regiment was created in Delaware from the 150th Aviation Battalion of the 50th Armored Division.

Following the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, numerous units of the Delaware Army National Guard have deployed to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

Troops from both the Delaware Army and Air National Guard volunteered to support disaster relief operations in Louisiana and Mississippi in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

"Operation Arctic Vengeance I and II" saw over 300 DEARNG Soldiers volunteer to support the State of Emergency declared by Gov. Jack Markell following a pair of debilitating snowstorms from Feb. 7 through Feb. 12, 2010. DEARNG troops completed over 250 missions assisting local and state agencies with including Emergency Medical Services, fire calls, law enforcement, dialysis patient transport and civilian transport to warming stations.[3]

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve.

Units c.2012[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://delawarenationalguard.com/aboutus/history/
  2. ^ Boyer, William W. (2000), "Chapter Three: The Governor as Leader", Governing Delaware: Policy Problems In The First State (eBook), Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Press (eBook: Google), p. 57, ISBN 0-87413-721-7, OCLC 609154858, retrieved May 14, 2011 
  3. ^ http://delawarenationalguard.com/press/artman2/publish/feb_10/Del_Guard_supports_state_in_Operation_Arctic_Vengeance.cfm
  4. ^ http://delawarenationalguard.com/press/artman2/publish/mar_10/index.cfm

External links[edit]