Delaware County, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Delaware County, Indiana
Seal of Delaware County, Indiana
Seal
Map of Indiana highlighting Delaware County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1827
Seat Muncie
Largest city Muncie
Area
 • Total 395.91 sq mi (1,025 km2)
 • Land 392.12 sq mi (1,016 km2)
 • Water 3.78 sq mi (10 km2), 0.95%
Population
 • (2010) 117,671
 • Density 299/sq mi (115.48/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.delaware.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 18

Delaware County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 117,671.[1] The county seat is Muncie.[2]

Delaware County is part of the Muncie, IN metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

Muncie from the northwest.

Delaware County was formed in 1827. It was named for the Delaware, a Native American people who then still inhabited the area. The Delaware were moved to new lands west of the Mississippi River in the 1840s. The county was once home to The Prophet, a brother of Tecumseh who instigated a major Indian uprising in 1811. David Conner was the first white settler, arriving in the early 1810s.[3]

Following the American Civil War the county experienced an economic boom caused by the discovery of natural gas, which spurred rapid industrial growth in the surrounding area.

The first discovery of natural gas in Indiana occurred in 1876 in the town of Eaton. A company was drilling in search of coal, and when they had reaching a depth of six-hundred feet, there was a loud noise and foul smelling fumes began coming from the well. After a brief investigation, it was decided they had breached the ceiling of Hell, and the hole was quickly filled in. In 1884, when natural gas was discovered in nearby Ohio, people recalled the incident. They returned to the spot and opened Indiana's first natural gas well. The gas was so abundant and strong that when the well was lit, the flames could be see from Muncie.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 395.91 square miles (1,025.4 km2), of which 392.12 square miles (1,015.6 km2) (or 99.04%) is land and 3.78 square miles (9.8 km2) (or 0.95%) is water.[5] The county is drained by White and Mississinewa rivers. The surface is level, and the soil fertile.[6]

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Muncie, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
33
16
 
 
2.3
 
38
20
 
 
3.1
 
48
29
 
 
3.6
 
61
39
 
 
4.2
 
72
51
 
 
4.3
 
81
60
 
 
4
 
85
64
 
 
3.5
 
83
62
 
 
3
 
76
54
 
 
2.6
 
64
42
 
 
3.4
 
50
33
 
 
3
 
38
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Muncie have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.06 inches (52 mm) in January to 4.28 inches (109 mm) in June.[7]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Delaware County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 26;[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 33, 34 and 35.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,677
1830 2,374 −35.4%
1840 8,843 272.5%
1850 10,843 22.6%
1860 15,753 45.3%
1870 19,030 20.8%
1880 22,926 20.5%
1890 30,131 31.4%
1900 49,624 64.7%
1910 51,414 3.6%
1920 56,377 9.7%
1930 67,270 19.3%
1940 74,963 11.4%
1950 90,252 20.4%
1960 110,938 22.9%
1970 129,219 16.5%
1980 128,587 −0.5%
1990 119,659 −6.9%
2000 118,769 −0.7%
2010 117,671 −0.9%
Est. 2013 117,484 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 118,769 people, 47,131 households, and 29,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 302 people per square mile (117/km²). There were 51,032 housing units at an average density of 130 per square mile (50/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.73% White, 6.72% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.7% were of American, 20.9% German, 12.2% English and 9.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 47,131 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.50% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 16.90% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,659, and the median income for a family was $45,394. Males had a median income of $36,155 versus $23,268 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,233. About 9.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Delaware County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 556. 
  4. ^ Gray, Ralph (1995). Indiana History: A Book of Readings. Indiana University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0-253-32629-X. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Delaware, the name of five counties in the United States. IV. An E. county of Indiana". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Muncie, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°14′N 85°24′W / 40.23°N 85.40°W / 40.23; -85.40