Delaware Route 9
|Maintained by DelDOT and USACE|
|Length:||58.18 mi (93.63 km)|
|Delaware's Bayshore Byway|
|South end:||DE 1 near Dover Air Force Base|
| DE 8 in Little Creek
DE 42 in Leipsic
DE 6 near Smyrna
DE 299 near Odessa
DE 72 near Delaware City
DE 141 / DE 273 in New Castle
I‑295 / US 40 in Wilmington Manor
DE 9A near Port of Wilmington
US 13 in Wilmington
I‑95 / US 202 in Wilmington
|North end:||DE 2 in Wilmington|
|Counties:||Kent, New Castle|
Delaware Route 9 (DE 9) is a 58.18-mile (93.63 km) state highway that connects DE 1 at the Dover Air Force Base in Kent County to DE 2 in the city of Wilmington in New Castle County. DE 9 is a designated scenic highway known as the Delaware's Bayshore Byway south of New Castle, running through mostly rural areas to the west of the Delaware Bay and the Delaware River as a two-lane undivided road. Between New Castle and Wilmington, DE 9 is a four-lane road that runs through urban and suburban areas. DE 9 passes through several cities and towns including Little Creek, Leipsic, Port Penn, Delaware City, and New Castle. DE 9 has a suffixed route, DE 9A, that provides access to the Port of Wilmington. In addition, it has a truck route, DE 9 Truck, located to the south of New Castle.
DE 9 was first designated by 1936 to run from US 113 (now DE 1) southeast of Dover north to US 13 in Smyrna, following its current alignment to Leipsic and Smyrna-Leipsic Road to Smyrna. In the 1950s, the road was extended to US 13 Alt. (now US 13) in Wilmington, in which it was rerouted at Leipsic to follow its current alignment to Wilmington. DE 9 was extended further north to DE 2 by the 1970s. The route was rerouted to bypass downtown New Castle in the 1980s. The intersection with DE 1 was reconstructed into an interchange in 2009.
Dover Air Force Base to Delaware City
DE 9 begins at an interchange with DE 1 just south of the toll road terminus at the south end of Dover Air Force Base near Dover in Kent County. From the southern terminus north to New Castle, DE 9 is designated as the Delaware's Bayshore Byway (formerly Route 9 Coastal Heritage Byway), a road that is part of the Delaware Byways system and is noted for following the Delaware River and Delaware Bay shoreline. Past DE 1, the route heads north-northeast on two-lane undivided Bayside Drive, passing between the runways of Dover Air Force Base to the west and fields to the east. After passing the base, the road continues north through a mix of farmland and woodland with some homes, passing to the west of the Little Creek Wildlife Area. DE 9 crosses the marshy Little River and enters the town of Little Creek, where it becomes Main Street and is lined with residences. The route comes to an intersection with the eastern terminus of DE 8 as it leaves Little Creek and becomes Bayside Drive again. The road continues northwest through farmland with some trees and homes, passing to the southwest of Chandelle Estates Airport. DE 9 passes through more rural areas and curves to the north, entering the town of Leipsic. At this point, the route turns northwest onto Denny Street and passes between farm fields to the southwest and homes and businesses to the northeast before curving north into residential areas and intersecting the eastern terminus of DE 42.
DE 9 heads into marshland and crosses the Leipsic River on a high-level bridge, leaving Leipsic. Here, the road becomes Smyrna-Leipsic Road and enters agricultural areas. Smyrna-Leipsic Road curves to the northwest and the route continues north on Hay Point Landing Road, running through farmland with some woods and homes to the west of the Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge. DE 9 comes to an intersection with DE 6 as it passes through more rural areas in the Woodland Beach Wildlife Area, turning to the northwest as it passes through wetlands. The road continues through a patch of woodland before heading into marshland and coming to a high-level bridge over the Smyrna River.
Upon crossing the Smyrna River, DE 9 enters New Castle County and becomes Fleming Landing Road, passing through agricultural areas with some woods to the west of the Cedar Swamp Wildlife Area. The road heads to the north before curving northwest again. The route turns west onto Taylors Bridge Road and crosses the marshy Blackbird Creek prior to continuing through farmland with some trees and homes. DE 9 curves to the north-northwest and passes through more rural areas with some residential subdivisions to the west. The route heads to the northwest through more areas of farms and homes before turning northeast onto Thomas Corner Road in Mathews Corners, with DE 299 continuing northwest on Taylors Bridge Road.
DE 9 passes between farmland to the north and housing developments to the south prior to turning north onto Silver Run Road. The road curves northeast and passes through agricultural areas before entering marshland and crossing the Appoquinimink River. After this, the route turns north to remain on Silver Run Road and passes through areas of farms, woods, and wetlands in the Augustine Wildlife Area a short distance to the west of the wide Delaware River. DE 9 turns east onto Bayview Road before turning north onto St. Augustine Road, passing through marshland on the west bank of the Delaware River. The road reaches the commiunity of Port Penn, where it is lined with homes. In Port Penn, the route turns west onto Market Street before turning north onto Delaware City Port Penn Road.
Upon leaving Port Penn, DE 9 heads through marshland with some fields and woods within the Augustine Wildlife Area. The route rises onto the Reedy Point Bridge, which carries it over marshland and the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. After passing over the canal, the road crosses over Fort DuPont State Park, curving northwest and passing to the southwest of Fort DuPont and the Governor Bacon Health Center. DE 9 continues into Delaware City and becomes 5th Street, crossing the Delaware City Channel on a drawbridge. Past the drawbridge, the road heads through residential areas of Delaware City.
Delaware City to Wilmington
Upon leaving Delaware City, DE 9 heads west as Wrangle Hill Road, passing between the Delaware City Refinery to the north and farm fields to the south. The route turns north onto River Road to head into the oil refinery complex, with DE 72 continuing west on Wrangle Hill Road. Within the oil refinery, the road passes between several oil storage tanks before crossing Norfolk Southern's Reybold Running Track railroad line, which serves the refinery. DE 9 leaves the industrial area upon crossing marshy Red Lion Creek and heads into farmland, with DE 9 Truck heading northwest on Hamburg Road. At this point, the route turns to the northeast and continues through fields, woods, and marshland. Farther northeast, the road passes between Ommelanden Park to the west and the Ommelanden Hunter Training Center to the east before running between residential subdivisions to the west and the northern training grounds for the Delaware National Guard to the east. DE 9 passes through wooded areas with some homes before continuing into industrial areas and crossing a railroad spur. The road heads into marshland immediately to the northwest of the Delaware River before entering New Castle.
At this point, DE 9 becomes West 7th Street and heads through more marsh areas with some urban homes and industrial development. The route turns north-northwest onto Washington Street and crosses Norfolk Southern's New Castle Secondary railroad line, heading into residential areas. DE 9 comes to an intersection with the southern terminus of DE 141 and the eastern terminus of DE 273, at which point DE 9 Truck returns to the route by way of DE 273. Here, DE 9 turns east onto Delaware Street and is signed concurrent with DE 273, even though this portion of road is officially not DE 273. The road, which carries one eastbound lane and two westbound lanes, passes to the north of homes. The route narrows back to two lanes and crosses the Norfolk Southern line again, at which point it turns east-northeast onto Ferry Cut Off Street near the New Castle Historic District. The road passes homes and businesses before intersecting East 6th Street, where DE 273 signage ends.
Here, DE 9 turns northeast onto East 6th Street, crossing a marshy creek and widening into a four-lane divided highway. The route curves north and becomes Wilmington Road, passing between commercial areas to the west and woods to the east. The road crosses the Norfolk Southern New Castle Secondary again and runs through suburban residential neighborhoods, leaving New Castle. DE 9 becomes New Castle Avenue and runs through suburban areas of homes and businesses, coming to an interchange with I-295/US 40 a short distance to the west of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. Past this interchange, the route continues through commercial areas with some homes. After the Rogers Road intersection, DE 9 becomes a four-lane undivided road that continues through industrial areas, passing under I-495. The road continues between industrial areas to the west and residential areas to the east before briefly becoming a divided highway again and intersecting the southern terminus of DE 9A, which heads east to provide access to I-495 and the Port of Wilmington.
After DE 9A, DE 9 enters Wilmington and heads through urban areas with industrial development as an undivided road, crossing Norfolk Southern's Shellpot Branch before intersecting the northbound direction of US 13. At this point, DE 9 splits into a one-way pair with the northbound direction becoming concurrent with northbound US 13 on one-way New Castle Avenue and the southbound direction following southbound US 13 on South Heald Street, briefly turning east along with northbound US 13 on D Street at the south end of the one-way pair. The one-way pair, which carries two lanes in each direction, passes through areas of urban rowhomes and businesses, with New Castle Avenue merging onto South Heald Street. Here, US 13/DE 9 continue north-northeast on four-lane undivided South Heald Street, coming to an intersection with the northern terminus of DE 9A.
Following this, the road becomes East 4th Street and heads north-northwest across the Christina River on a drawbridge. US 13/DE 9 curves northwest and passes under Amtrak's Northeast Corridor railroad line, at which point northbound US 13 splits from the road by heading northeast on North Church Street. A block later, the concurrency between DE 9 and southbound US 13 ends at the point where southbound US 13 joins the road from North Spruce Street. DE 9 continues northwest through residential and commercial areas as a four-lane undivided road, heading into downtown Wilmington. Here, it intersects US 13 Bus., which is routed on the one-way pair of North Walnut Street northbound and North King Street southbound. In between these two streets, the road passes to the south of the New Castle County Court House. Upon crossing North Market Street, the route becomes West 4th Street and passes to the north of the Wilmington Campus of Delaware Technical Community College. DE 9 continues into urban residential areas and passes under I-95/US 202, with access to that road provided by northbound North Adams Street and southbound North Jackson Street. Past this, the road heads through more of the city before reaching the Little Italy neighborhood. Here, DE 9 intersects the eastbound direction of DE 2 (North Lincoln Street) before coming to its northern terminus at the westbound direction of DE 2 (North Union Street).
DE 9 has an annual average daily traffic count ranging from a high of 19,064 vehicles at the intersection between East 6th Street and New Castle Avenue in New Castle to a low of 258 vehicles at the intersection with Cedar Swamp Road in southeastern New Castle County. The portion of DE 9 concurrent with DE 273 is part of the National Highway System.
What would become DE 9 originally existed as a county road by 1920. By 1924, the road between Leipsic and Smyrna was upgraded to a state highway. In addition, the current alignment of DE 9 around Taylors Bridge and between Delaware City and Wilmington was paved. In 1931, what would become DE 9 was upgraded to a state highway between Bay Road and Little Creek and between Port Penn and Delaware City. A year later, the road became a state highway between Delaware City and Wilmington. By this time, what would become DE 9 between Little Creek and Leipsic was upgraded to a state highway. When Delaware assigned state route numbers by 1936, DE 9 was designated to run from US 113 (now DE 1) west of Kitts Hummock north to US 13 in Smyrna, following its current alignment to Leipsic and Smyrna-Leipsic Road to Smyrna. By 1942, what is now DE 9 between the Taylors Bridge area and Port Penn was paved. In 1956, New Castle Avenue was widened to a four-lane divided highway between Landers Lane and Rogers Corner. DE 9 was extended north to US 13 Alt. (now US 13) in Wilmington by 1959, being rerouted off Smyrna-Leipsic Road to follow its current alignment to New Castle, passing through that city on 6th Street before continuing along its current alignment to Wilmington. At this point, the entire route was paved. The current Reedy Point Bridge carrying DE 9 over the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal was completed in 1968. By 1971, DE 9 was extended north to its current terminus at DE 2. DE 9 was realigned to bypass New Castle by 1984 by following Washington Street and DE 273. The intersection at the southern terminus with DE 1 was rebuilt into an interchange in 2009.
|Kent||Dover Air Force Base||0.00||0.00||DE 1 (Bay Road) – Dover, Milford||Interchange, southern terminus|
|Little Creek||5.05||8.13||DE 8 west (North Little Creek Road) – Dover|
|Leipsic||11.49||18.49||DE 42 west (Fast Landing Road) – Cheswold|
|16.45||26.47||DE 6 (Woodland Beach Road) – Smyrna, Woodland Beach|
|New Castle||Mathews Corners||29.33||47.20||DE 299 west (Taylors Bridge Road) – Odessa|
|Chesapeake and Delaware Canal||Reedy Point Bridge|
|Delaware City||42.97||69.15||DE 72 north (Wrangle Hill Road) – Newark|
DE 9 Truck north (Hamburg Road)
|New Castle||50.11||80.64|| DE 141 north (Basin Road) to I‑95
DE 273 west / DE 9 Truck south (Frenchtown Road)
|Wilmington Manor||53.28||85.75|| I‑295 north / US 40 east to N.J. Turnpike – Delaware Memorial Bridge, New Jersey-New York
I‑295 south / US 40 west to I‑95 / I‑495 – Baltimore
|Wilmington||DE 9A north (Terminal Avenue) to I‑495|
|55.84||89.87||US 13 south (South Heald Street) – Dover, Baltimore||South end of US 13 overlap|
|56.04||90.19||DE 9A south (Christiana Avenue)|
|56.34||90.67||US 13 north (North Church Street)||North end of US 13 northbound overlap|
|56.42||90.80||US 13 south (North Spruce Street)||North end of US 13 southbound overlap|
US 13 Bus. north (North Walnut Street)
US 13 Bus. south (North King Street) to I‑95
|I‑95 / US 202||Interchange|
|DE 2 east (North Lincoln Street)|
|58.18||93.63||DE 2 west (North Union Street) to DE 48||Northern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Bannered and suffixed routes
|Length:||0.78 mi (1.26 km)|
Delaware Route 9A (DE 9A) is a two- to four-lane road in Wilmington, Delaware that serves as the primary access route to the Port of Wilmington as well as provide access to I-495. The official designation of the route runs 0.78 miles (1.26 km) along Terminal Avenue between DE 9 and the Port of Wilmington, interchanging with I-495. Signage has the route continuing north along Christiana Avenue to an intersection with US 13 and DE 9 for a total length of 2.0 mi (3.2 km). Christiana Avenue originally became a state highway by 1924 becoming a part of US 40 that connected to a ferry across the Delaware River to Penns Grove, New Jersey in 1926. US 40 was removed from this road by 1931 and it later became part of DE 48 by 1936. DE 48 was subsequently removed by 1952 following the discontinuance of the ferry in 1949. DE 9A was designated by 1971.
DE 9 Truck
|Location:||Tybouts Corner-New Castle|
|Length:||5.7 mi (9.2 km)|
Delaware Route 9 Truck (DE 9 Truck) is a truck bypass of a stretch of DE 9 south of New Castle. It heads northwest from DE 9 on two-lane undivided Hamburg Road, passing through farmland with some development. In Tybouts Corner, the truck route turns northeast to join US 13 on the four-lane divided South Dupont Highway. The road passes through farmland with some residential and commercial development. Farther north, the road heads into business areas, passing under Norfolk Southern's New Castle Secondary railroad line before intersecting US 40 in State Road. At this point, US 40 joins US 13 and DE 9 Truck, with the road widening to eight lanes. In Hares Corner, DE 9 Truck turns east to follow DE 273 on two-lane undivided Frenchtown Road, heading east between business parks to the south and farm fields to the north. DE 9 Truck ends along with DE 273 at an intersection with DE 9 and the southern terminus of DE 141 west of New Castle.
The entire route is in New Castle County.
|0.0||0.0||DE 9 (River Road)||Southern terminus|
|Tybouts Corner||0.6||1.0||US 13 south (Dupont Highway) – Dover||South end of US 13 overlap|
|State Road||3.3||5.3||US 40 west (Pulaski Highway) – Glasgow, Baltimore||South end of US 40 overlap|
|Hares Corner||4.4||7.1|| US 13 north / US 40 east (Dupont Highway) – Wilmington
DE 273 west – Christiana, Newark
|North end of US 13/US 40 overlap, south end of DE 273 overlap|
|New Castle||5.7||9.2||DE 9 (Washington Street/Delaware Street) / DE 141 north (Basin Road)||Northern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Staff (2011). "Traffic Count and Mileage Report: Interstate, Delaware, and US Routes" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- Delaware Department of Transportation (2008). Delaware Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2008 ed.). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Google (February 8, 2011). "overview of Delaware Route 9" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "Delaware's Bayshore Byway". Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- National Highway System: Delaware (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
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- Delaware State Highway Department (1924). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map) (1924 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "Annual Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1931 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1931. p. 21. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "Annual Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1932 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1932. p. 23. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1932). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map) (1932 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Delaware State Highway Department; The National Survey Co. (1936). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1936–37 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1942). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1942 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1956 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1956. p. 11. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1959). Official Highway Map of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1959–60 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to intermittently close the Chesapeake City Bridge during testing" (PDF). United States Army Corps of Engineers. September 22, 2005. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation (1971). Delaware Highways Official Map (PDF) (Map) (1971 ed.). Dover: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Delaware Department of Transportation (1984). Official State Highway Map (PDF) (Map) (1984 ed.). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "TRAFFIC ALERT - Route 1 & Route 9 Overpass Project Will Require Closure of Route 9 & Kitts Hummock Road". Delaware Department of Transportation. September 14, 2009. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- Google (February 8, 2011). "overview of Delaware Route 9A" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- United States System of Highways (Map). Bureau of Public Roads. 1926. Retrieved April 27, 2009.
- Map of New Jersey (Map). Tydol Trails. 1927. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1931). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1931 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1949). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1949 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1952). Official Highway Map of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1952–53 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Google (February 8, 2011). "overview of Delaware Route 9 Truck" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
Route map: Bing
- Media related to Delaware Route 9 at Wikimedia Commons