|City and municipality|
Skyline of Delfzijl in 2011
Location in Groningen
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Emme Groot (PvdA)|
|• Total||227.50 km2 (87.84 sq mi)|
|• Land||133.06 km2 (51.37 sq mi)|
|• Water||94.44 km2 (36.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||193/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postcode||Parts of 9900 range|
Delfzijl (Dutch pronunciation: [dɛlfˈsɛil] ( listen); Gronings: Delfsiel) is a city and municipality with a population of 25,651 in the province of Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands. Delfzijl was a sluice between the Delf and the Ems, which became fortified settlement in the 16th century. The fortifications were removed in the late 19th century. Delfzijl is the fifth largest seaport in the Netherlands.
The name Delfzijl means 'sluice of the Delf'. The Delf was a canal connecting the rivers Fivel and Ems, which is now part of the Damsterdiep. The Dutch verb delven means 'to dig' and the Dutch noun zijl means 'water outlet' or 'sluice'.
In 1580, a square sconce and a church were built in Delfzijl. In 1591, the fortification was expanded with six bastions. The fortification and the sluices were damaged during the Christmas Flood of 1717. In 1813–1814, the French held the city, while it was under siege by the Dutch. The fortifications were removed in 1875.
Delfzijl is bordered by the Dutch municipalities of Eemsmond (in the northwest), Loppersum (west), Appingedam (west), Slochteren (southwest), Oldambt (south), and by the German municipalities of Emden (east) and Krummhörn (northeast).
The municipality contains the population centres:
Delfzijl is the fifth biggest seaport in the Netherlands and the home of an aluminium plant run by the company Aluminium Delfzijl (part of Tata Steel Europe). In 2004 the smelter produced a record 112,400 tonnes of liquid aluminium. The foundry produced 157,700 tonnes of raw product.
Delfzijl is also known for its chemical industry and a large salt production plant held by AkzoNobel . On the edge of the town lies an industrial site with an area of 3 square kilometers which is one of the biggest employers in the area. This site is responsible for the second largest quantity of exported chemicals in the Netherlands (after Rotterdam), and is known for its major exports of chlorine and related products.
There are two railway stations in municipality:
Annually the "Pinksterfeesten" (Whitsunfestivities) are organised in the city. Delfzijl is seeing a strong resurge in the Dutch economy as the physical centerpoint of Energy Valley. This is the result of a strategic collaboration with the German town of Emden, on the other side of the Eems Estuary.
- Aubenas (France)
- Cesenatico (Italy)
- Schwarzenbek (Germany)
- Sierre (Switzerland)
- Zelzate (Belgium)
- Shūnan (Japan)
- "Collegeleden 2010–2014" [Members of the board 2010–2014] (in Dutch). Gemeente Delfzijl. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 9934EA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- (Dutch) Ronald Stenvert, Chris Kolman, Ben Olde Meierink, Sabine Broekhoven & Redmer Alma, "Delfzijl", Monumenten in Nederland: Groningen, 1998. Retrieved on 27 March 2015.
- (Dutch) Ronald Stenvert, Chris Kolman, Ben Olde Meierink, Sabine Broekhoven & Redmer Alma, "Appingedam", Monumenten in Nederland: Groningen, 1998. Retrieved on 27 March 2015.
- (Dutch) Delven (graven), Etymologiebank. Retrieved on 27 March 2015.
- (Dutch) Zijl (waterlozing, sluis), Etymologiebank. Retrieved on 27 March 2015.
- Media related to Delfzijl at Wikimedia Commons
- Delfzijl travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official website
||Eemsmond||Dollart / Krummhörn (DE-NI)|
|Dollart / Emden (DE-NI)|