Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 2013
The Bharatiya Janata Party won a plurality, closely followed by Aam Aadmi Party, in its first election; this resulted in an hung assembly. After the BJP refused to form a government in the hung assembly, the Aam Aadmi Party's (AAP) Arvind Kejriwal became chief minister with "not conditional" support from the Indian National Congress (INC).
Electoral law change
This was one of the first five elections in which the Election Commission of India implemented a "None of the above" (NOTA) voting option, allowing the electorate to register a neutral vote but not to outright reject candidates. In a first, the Election Commission of India also appointed Central Awareness Observers, whose main task was to oversee voter awareness and facilitation.
There were 810 candidates running for office, including 224 independents.
|Party||Seats contested||Chief Minister Candidate||Notes/Link to Candidate lists|
|Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)||70||Arvind Kejriwal|||
|All India Forward Bloc (AIFB)||2|||
|Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)||66||Harsh Vardhan|||
|Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)||70|||
|Communist Party of India (CPI)||10|||
|Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)||3|||
|Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation (CPI-ML) (L)||4|||
|Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)||11|||
|Indian National Congress (INC)||70||Sheila Dixit|||
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||70|||
|Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)||4||Harsh Vardhan
(as part of NDA)
|Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI)||1|
BJP and SAD formed a pre-poll alliance; SAD contested four seats (Hari Nagar, Rajouri Garden, Kalkaji and Shahdara), while BJP contested the rest.
The AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal called the BJP's Harsh Vardhan the "Manmohan Singh of the BJP" as incapable of stemming the "rot" in Delhi's governance. He added: "We will help the people of Delhi get rid of Congress misgovernance first, and then ensure change at the national level in the Lok Sabha polls." However, Vardhan was supported by the BJP's prime ministerial candidate in the Indian general election, 2014, Narendra Modi. The Hindustan Times suggested that the Rajnath Singh-appointed BJP Delhi leader, Vijay Goel, though organisationally competent, lost favour due to his exclusion of established regional leaders in reorganising local units. Singh was still viewed as reluctant to "change horses in mid-stream" but agreed. Modi led the charge, with other party leaders, to have Vardhan as the chief ministerial candidate and Goel himself agreed to the nomination of Vardhan. The AAP released its first electoral manifesto.
Number of seats
|AAP-Cicero||30 November 2013||38-50||11-17||8-14||0-13|||
|BJP (Internal)||November 2013||5||36||11||-||18 "swing seats where the readings were too close to call"|
|India TV-CVoter||November 2013||10||29||27||4|||
|India Today, ORG||November 2013||6||36||22||4|||
|Times Now, C-Voter||November 2013||18||25||24||3|||
|CNN-IBN, The Week and CSDS||October 2013||19-25||22-28||19-25||0-2|||
|ABP News-AC Nielsen||October 2013||18||28||22||2|||
|India TV-CVoter-Times Now||September 2013||7||30||29||4|||
|Hindustan Times-C Fore||September 2013||7-12||22-27||32-37||0-4|||
|Actual results||4 December 2013||28||31||8||3|
|AAP-Cicero||30 November 2013||36%||27%||26%||11%|||
|India TV-CVoter||November 2013||24%||33%||30%||13%|||
|CNN-IBN, The Week and CSDS||October 2013||28%||29%||27%||16%|||
|ABP News-AC Nielsen||September 2013||15%||34%||29%||22%|||
|India TV-CVoter-Times Now||September 2013||16%||38%||34%||12%|||
|Hindustan Times-C Fore||September 2013||20%||32%||34%||14%|||
There were 11,753 polling stations, including the presence of EVMs, while 630 identified as critical and hyper critical. There were 11.9 million eligible voters, of which 6.6 million were men and 5.3 million were women while there were 405,000 first time voters. 32,801 Delhi Police personnel and 107 companies of central paramilitary forces were deployed to ensure a peaceful election. Polling stations opened at 8:00 am and turnout was 66%.
Polling stations in Tuglaqabad, Karol Bagh, Trilokpuri and Badarpur reportedly had long waits because EVMs dysfunctioned. In Jungpura, Badli, Krishna Nagar and Kondli constituencies, some voters complained that their names were on the electoral rolls and that they could not vote.
After voting party leaders expressed their opinion. Kejriwal said he is confident of a positive result for his party. Vardhan claimed the BJP was "far ahead" of the INC and Aam Aadmi Party. "I can tell you very categorically that we are far ahead of Congress and the new entrant in Delhi politics. I am 100 per cent confident about our victory. I think nobody can make any dent in our vote bank. If there is any contest or fight, it is between the Congress and the new entrant (for the second place)." Dikshit said she had her "fingers crossed" on the outcome, while national party leader Sonia Gandhi said from her Nirman Bhavan polling station: "We will win." At many places people with disabilities could not vote due to inaccessible polling booths.
In all over 43,000 postal ballots were received, an increase from the last election's 1,600 postal ballots. The Delhi Election Commission announced that 2,000 Central Paramilitary Force and Delhi Police personnel were at the vote counting centres in the city on the day of the result announcement and CCTV cameras and live streaming of proceedings through web casting, two layers of security cover have been set at all the 14 counting centres. Delhi Chief Electoral officer Vijay Dev said: "Paramilitary force forms the inner circle of security of centres while adequate numbers of Delhi Police personnel will ensure safety from outside. Counting of votes will start from 8 AM tomorrow and during the first hour postal ballots will be counted." The postal ballots were counted before the EVM votes.
Further information: Members of the Delhi Legislative Assembly, 2013–
Notably, the INC's Chaudhary Prem Singh lost in the Ambedkar Nagar constituency, he held the seat since 1993 and had not lost a single election in 50 years; however Ashok Kumar of the AAP won the seat. Incumbent Chief Minister Sheila Dixit lost her New Delhi constituency seat to AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal by a margin that was double her total votes and was also less than 500 votes more than the BJP's Vijender Kumar; she then submitted her resignation to Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung.
| % of
|Votes||Vote %||Change in
|Bharatiya Janata Party||66||31||8||44.3||33.07||3|
|Aam Aadmi Party||69||28||New||40.0||29.49||New|
|Indian National Congress||70||8||35||11.43||24.55||15|
|Janata Dal (United)||27||1||1||1.43||0.87||New|
|Shiromani Akali Dal||4||1||1||1.43||1||N/A|
Former Chief Minister Sheila Dixit said: "We accept our defeat and we will analyse what went wrong. We respect what the people of Delhi have decided and thank them for supporting us for last 15 years."
As no party won a majority of the 70 seats in the assembly, if the necessary coalition government is not possible, Delhi would be put under president's rule until a new election is held within six months. However, the INC, BJP and AAP have all said they would not seek alliances with each other. The other option was to try to bring in independents; though since there are not enough, the media speculated that the other option would be lure away MLAs from another party (the AAP being the most likely in their analysis).
As the BJP won 31 seats, while its alliance partner Shiromani Akali Dal won one seat, they gained a plurality and would have the first right to form a new government. However, they declined the offer from Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung to form a new government citing an inability to obtain majority. Jung then invited the Aam Aadmi Party to form the government. Kejriwal wrote to BJP national leader Rajnath Singh and INC national leader Sonia Gandhi for clarification on 18 issues before seeking their support in forming a coalition. The BJP did not reply and the INC agreed to 16 of the 18 issues and offered its outside support. The AAP then sought public opinion through a variety of mediums such as via community meetings, text messages and pamphlets about whether or not it should take the support of the INC. AAP then formed a minority government with outside support from the INC. In a letter to the Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung, the AAP did not however mention that it has the support of the INC. Jung then sent his recommendations to President Pranab Mukherjee. Kejriwal was then sworn in as 7th Chief Minister of Delhi on 28 December, leading the youngest cabinet in Delhi ever. M. S. Dhir was elected as the speaker of the legislative assembly on 3 January 2014.
Amongst its first tasks, the AAP initiated a corruption response mechanism in a "durbar"; it also retracted the FDI in multi-brand retail that the previous government had sanctioned. Kejriwal said that though this would give consumers more options it has been shown that it "leads to loss of jobs to a very large extent. There is huge unemployment in Delhi and AAP government does not wish to increase this unemployment. Delhi is not prepared for FDI." Yet he added that he was not against FDI by itself but that it needed to occur on a case-by-case basis.
After 49 days, Kejriwal resigned as a chief minister following the failure of the introduction of Delhi's Jan Lokpal Bill in the assembly on 14 February 2014. President's rule was then imposed and the assembly was kept in suspended animation.
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