National Capital Region (India)
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|National Capital Region (India)
राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र (भारत)
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
|• Regional authority||National Capital Region Planning Board|
|• Total||51,109 km2 (19,733 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is the designation for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, which includes New Delhi, as well as urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
NCR is India's largest and the world's largest agglomeration with a population of over 54,000,000 at the 2011 Census. All the areas of NCR together generated GDP of $128.9 billion in 2011-12, which was 7.5 percent of Indian GDP.
In 1985, with enactment of the National Capital Region Planning Board Act, 1985 of Government of India, NCR Planning Board (NCRPB) was constituted. The aim of the concept was to develop a metropolitan area around Delhi, so as to divert increasing pressure of population from the region. The concept was essential in order to protect Delhi's infrastructure from excessive pressure and a planned development of the region.
In July 2013, NCR was expanded to include three more districts, Bhiwani, and Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana, as well as Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan. This brought the number of districts in NCR to 19, with the total NCR area increasing 34% to 45,887 km2.
Before July 2013, National Capital Region (NCR) had a total area of 34,144 km2 spanning over 15 districts in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan, together with the National Capital Territory of Delhi, with the Nation Capital as its core. After the addition of three more districts (Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Bharatpur) - NCR expanded to 18 districts having a total area of 46,208 km2. Then, in January 2014, NCR was expanded to include two more districts - Jind and Karnal in the state of Haryana. There are now a total of 20 districts (plus Delhi NCT) within NCR, covering a total area of 51,109 km2.
The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:
4. Delhi, which constitutes about 2.9% of the land area of the Region.
A total of 20 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985. The areas and populations of these component districts are set out below
|Gautam Budh Nagar||Uttar Pradesh||1,282||1,202,030||1,648,115||Greater Noida|
Aims and Objectives
NCRPB prepares regional plan, which aims to promote growth and balanced development of the whole region through providing economic base in the identified major settlements (Metro Centres/Regional Centres) for absorbing economic development impulse of Delhi, efficient transport network, development of physical infrastructure, rational land use pattern, improved environment and quality of life, and discipline.
About 46% of the National Capital Region (NCR)-home to 40-50 lakh (i.e., 4 to 5 million) people-is not connected to sewerage networks. Sewage from these areas flows into stormwater drains that empty directly into the Yamuna.
Till now, NCRPB has formulated Regional Plan-2001 and 2021.
Zones of NCR
The basic policy for NCT-Delhi is to achieve environmentally sustainable development and redevelopment taking into account the limitation of developable land and water. No new major economic activities i.e., industries, wholesale trade and commerce, which may result in a large scale job creation both in formal as well as informal sectors, should be located in this zone. Only activities necessary to sustain the local population of NCT-Delhi should be permitted.
- Central National Capital Region (CNCR) excluding NCT-Delhi
Considering that the controlled/development/regulated Central NCR towns have been extended/modified, the modified CNCR would comprise the notified controlled/development/regulated areas of contiguous towns of Gurgaon-Manesar, Alwar-Bhiwadi, Faridabad-Ballabgarh, Ghaziabad-Loni, Baghpat, Baraut India|Loni, Noida, Greater Noida, Bahadurgarh, Sonepat-Kundli Charkhi Dadri, Bhiwani, Narnaul and the extension of the Ridge in Haryana.
The opportunities presented by CNCR need to be maximized to enable it to effectively reinforce/support NCT-Delhi by offering jobs, economic activities, comprehensive transport system, housing, social infrastructure and quality of environment, which are at par with the National Capital. Major economic and non-polluting activities intended to be located in NCT-Delhi should be located in the urbanisable areas planned in this zone and, where appropriate and necessary, in the rest of NCR.
- Highway Corridor Zone
A Highway Corridor Zone is proposed with a minimum width of 500 metres inclusive of green buffer on either side of the right-of-way (ROW) along the National Highway (NH) 1, 2, 8, 10, 24, 58 and 91 converging at Delhi to enable the planned and regulated development along the stretches of these highways that are outside the controlled/development/regulated areas. In addition to the above, the Highway Corridor Zones along the NH 71, 71A, 71B, 119, 93, 235, 11A and Expressways have been proposed.
Sharda University, Shiv Nadar University, Gautam Buddha University, Maharishi Dayanand University, [[Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Sonipat]], [[O P Jindal Global university, Sonipat]], [[Bhagat Phool Singh Mahila Vishwavidyalaya, Sonipat]], Amity University, SRM University, ITM University, BML Munjal University, Delhi University, Indraprastha University and Monad University
- Government Engineering College
- Private Engineering College
JSS Academy of Technical Education, Modinagar Institute of Technology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology, Krishna Institute of Engineering and Technology, Institute of Management and Research, Babu Banarsi Das Institute of Engineering Technology & Research Centre, RP Inderaprastha Institute of Technology, Doon Valley Institute of Technology, MSIET (Maa Saraswati Institute of Engineering and Technology),
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak, Faculty of Management Studies,Gautam Buddha University School of Management, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, IMT Ghaziabad, New Delhi Institute of Management, IILM Gurgaon
Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. Promoting growth of counter magnet towns are the principal components of the strategy to reduce both migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area.
These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.
The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should not be within approximately 250 kilometres from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.
- Patiala, 230 km
- Rajasthan state
- Within the area as expanded in January 2014, according to 2011 Census of India.
- "3 more districts enter National Capital Region fold - The Times of India". Times of India. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- Census of India, 2001 and 2011.
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in (2010-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- Three more districts part of NCR - Times Of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.