Deliblato

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For the monastery, see Bavanište monastery.
Deliblato
Делиблато
Village
The Serbian Orthodox Church
The Serbian Orthodox Church
Deliblato is located in Serbia
Deliblato
Deliblato
Location of Deliblato within Serbia
Deliblato is located in Vojvodina
Deliblato
Deliblato
Location of Deliblato within Vojvodina
Coordinates: 44°49′34″N 21°02′08″E / 44.82611°N 21.03556°E / 44.82611; 21.03556Coordinates: 44°49′34″N 21°02′08″E / 44.82611°N 21.03556°E / 44.82611; 21.03556
Country  Serbia
Province  Vojvodina
District South Banat
Elevation 94 m (308 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Deliblato 3,498
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26225
Area code(s) +381(0)13
Car plates KO

Deliblato (Serbian Cyrillic: Делиблато) is a village in Serbia, situated in the Kovin municipality in the Vojvodina province. The village has a total population of 3,498 (2002 census), with a Serb ethnic majority and a Romanian minority. The Deliblatska Peščara (Deliblato Sands), the largest sandy area in Europe, was named after this village.

Name[edit]

The name of the village is derived from the Turkish word deli ("big") and Serbian word "blato" ("mud"), thus the full meaning in English would be "the big mud".

Deliblato received its name from its situation in the sandy area.[citation needed] According to one theory, the sandy area, in the vastness of the river Danube, became very muddy during long rain periods in ancient times. The road passing through the area had been easier to cross due to the mixing of mud and sand, thus travelers called this place Deliblato.[citation needed] Sloveni however, the notion of the lake marked by the word 'mud' and it is not excluded that the current village got its name from the large pond that lies around it.[clarification needed][citation needed]

History[edit]

The village of Deliblato is first mentioned in 1660, during Ottoman rule, as being populated by ethnic Serbs. In 1761, it was recorded as an Orthodox Christian settlement. A Serbian church was built in 1783 and rebuilt in 1906.

Deliblato was the seat of government for reforestation Deliblatska pescara which officially began to work 1818. In past-war period Deliblato registered significant socio-political development. With developed agriculture and even with the beginnings of the development of manufacturing Deliblato is one of the most progressive villages in this part of Banat.

It is not certain when the village was founded. In 1660/6, during the Ottoman rule, the name Deliblato was mentioned in Patrijarsija Pecka which was claimed by the passers Mihajlo Dolovac and Zahija Nikola from Deliblato. During the first Serbian Migration under Patriarch Arsenije III Carnojevic in 1960s many people found their new homes in Deliblato. In 1761 the village was recorded as Orthodox Christian settlement with well-known families as Obzovicani. Er Cahi and Ritopecani. Serbian church was built in 1783 and rebuilt in 1906.

It is good to mention Lake Kraljevac which is next to the village. Today it attracts many visitors who are interested in fishing and nature relaxing. The fact that he is on the slopes of Deliblatska pescara and the proximity of the nature reserve Kraljevac gives Deliblato status tourist attraction for domestic and foreign tourists. In the village work Serbian and Romanian church and the common kudas of all residents is Spirits. According to national legislation the area around the village has the status of the Special Nature Reserve and Important Bird Area.

Population and major ethnic groups[edit]

Year Total Serbs Romanians Yugoslavs Hungarians Romani Croats Montenegrins Other
1991 3,722 74.2% 17.35% 4.00% 1.85% 0.80% 0.37% 0.29% 0.69%
2002 3,498 80.1% 12.6% 1.22% 1.25% 1.08% 0.25% 0.28% 3.22%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jovan Erdeljanović, Srbi u Banatu, Novi Sad, 1992.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.