|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
Deliblato sands (Serbian Cyrillic: Делиблатска пешчара), is a large sand area covering around 300 km² of ground in Vojvodina province, Serbia. It is located in southern Banat. It is situated between the river Danube and the southwestern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains. The sand is named after the village of Deliblato, in the municipality of Kovin. Its main masses are elliptical shaped hills with steppe grassland plains and steppe forests. The Deliblato sands are the largest sandy terrain in Europe, once part of a vast prehistoric desert. It is home to many rare, endangered or endemic species of plants and animals in Europe and the world. Due to its forest and surroundings, it was proclaimed to be a Special Nature Reserve, on national level, it represents a natural asset of special importance falling under protection category I.
It originated from the withdrawal of the Pannonian Sea.
Wildlife of Deliblato sands
Deliblato sands is rich in floral diversity, it is home to 900 different species of plants which many are considered by international standards rare or endemic to the Pannonian Basin. Similar terrains in Europe have been cultivated, forested or otherwise altered, while Deliblato sands has largely remained untouched. Some of the endangered or endemic species of flora include the Banat peony, Steppe peony, Pančić Wormwood, Bulrush, Dwarf-steppe Almond. 20 different species of Orchidaceae grow in this area. Rarities related to fauna include the Mole rat, Steppe Skunk, the Desert ant, Steppe Gerbil etc. The main source of food for some endangered birds of prey such as Saker Falcon, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Lesser Spotted Eagle are Ground Squirrels that live in large open grass fields, hence such areas are necessary for their survival. Other noted animals are: the wolf, deer, roe deer and boars.
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