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Deliverable is a term used in project management to describe a tangible or intangible object produced as a result of the project that is intended to be delivered to a customer (either internal or external).[1][2] A deliverable could be a report, a document, a server upgrade or any other building block of an overall project.[3]

A deliverable may be composed of multiple smaller deliverables. It may be either an outcome to be achieved (as in "The corporation says that becoming profitable this year is a deliverable.") or an output to be provided (as in "The deliverable for the completed project consists of a special-purpose electronic device and its controlling software.").

A deliverable differs from a project milestone in that a milestone is a measurement of progress toward an output whereas the deliverable is the result of the process. For a typical project, a milestone might be the completion of a product design while the deliverable might be the technical diagram of the product.

A deliverable also differs from a project document in that a project document is typically part of a project deliverable, or a project deliverable may contain a number of documents and physical things.

In technical projects, deliverables can be further classified as hardware, software, or design documents.

In contracted efforts, deliverable may refer to an item specifically required by contract documents, such as an item on a Contract Data Requirements List or mentioned in the statement of work.


  1. ^ Kermit Burley, What Is a Deliverable in Project Management? Houston Chronicle Small Business section, Hearst Corporation, 2013.
  2. ^ Goal: Define project deliverables. Microsoft Office website. Accessed December 9, 2013.
  3. ^ Cutting, Thomas Deliverable-based Project Schedules: Part 1, PM Hut (Last accessed 8 November 2009).