Delouze Aerodrome

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Delouze Aerodrome
Part of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)
Located near: Delouze-Rosières, France
Delouze Aerodrome - Photo.jpg
Delouze Aerodrome looking eastward. Note the numerous buildings in the forest, at the bottom of the photo, to the west of the open airfield, using cut agricultural fields, their furrow lines evident.
Delouze Aerodrome is located in France
Delouze Aerodrome
Delouze Aerodrome
Delouze Aerodrome (France)
Coordinates 48°34′18″N 005°32′03″E / 48.57167°N 5.53417°E / 48.57167; 5.53417
Type Combat Airfield
Site information
Controlled by US Army Air Roundel.svg  Air Service, United States Army
Condition Agricultural area
Site history
Built 1918
In use 1918–1919
Battles/wars World War I War Service Streamer without inscription.png
World War I
Garrison information
Garrison 1st Day Bombardment Group
United States First Army Air Service

Delouze Aerodrome was a temporary World War I airfield in France. It was located 0.8 miles (1.3 km) NE of Delouze-Rosières, in the Meuse department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

Overview[edit]

A lease was signed by the Air Service for 210 acres of land on 21 December 1917. Delouze Aerodrome was designed to be the home of four day bombardment squadron, and construction of the Aerodrome did not begin until the middle of April 1918 due to labor shortages. Engineers began to erect a total of 26 buildings for barracks and a mess hall, and two additional buildings for maintenance shops. The ground station was built in the woods to the northeast of the airfield, to camouflage the facility. A headquarters complex of ten buildings and a hospital that constituted of a Nissen Hut was erected, along with a telephone and electrical system. To support the aircraft, sixteen French Bessonnenux aircraft hangars were erected at the field.[1]

The airfield was finally turned over to the First Army Air Service First Day Bombardment Group in mid-August 1918, which moved four Dayton-Wright DH-4 bombing squadrons into it. Delouze was used during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Campaigns. Known units that were stationed there were:[2]

Shortly after the armistice in November 1918, the American squadrons were reassigned and the airfield was abandoned. It was turned over to the 1st Air Depot for de-construction. All hangars and other structures were dismantled and all useful supplies and equipment were removed and sent back to the Depot for storage. Upon completion, the land turned over to the French government.[3]

Eventually the land was returned to agricultural use by the local farmers. Today, what was Delouze Airdrome is a series of cultivated fields located just to the northwest of Rosiers en Blois, with no indications of its wartime use.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ Series L, Miscellaneous Sections of the Air Service, Volume 11, History of the Design and Projects Section of the Construction Division, Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  2. ^ Series "D", Volume 2, Squadron histories,. Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  3. ^ Series 1, Paris Headquarters and Supply Section, Volume 30 History of the 1st Air Depot at Colombey-led-Belles, Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

External links[edit]