23 March 1973 |
Delphine Batho (born in Paris on 23 March 1973) is a French Socialist Party politician. She was France's minister of ecology, sustainable development, and energy between 21 June 2012 and 2 July 2013. She had to leave the government because she openly criticized the government and the budget restrictions for her own ministry. She was previously named ministre délégué at the French Ministry of Justice. She was elected to the National Assembly of France from the 2nd constituency of Deux-Sèvres on behalf of the Socialist, Radical, Citizen, and Miscellaneous Left grouping. It had been rumoured that the relationship between Delphine Batho and Christiane Taubira, her Senior Minister for Justice, was tense, leading to her removal from the Ministry of Justice.
President of the FIDL
Batho began her militant activity in the high-school students' union FIDL (Fédération indépendante et démocratique lycéenne) while attending the Lycée Henri IV in Paris. She was elected president of the union in 1990 and became well known for her activism on behalf of students' rights and for the means to study. Following nearly two months of strikes the movement obtained from Lionel Jospin, the Minister for Education, a pledge to spend 4.5 million francs on renovating high schools and to protect certain student rights. In 1992 she left high school, and thus the FIDL, to study history.
Vice-President of SOS Racisme
Batho joined the anti-racist movement SOS Racisme and when its leadership was renewed in September 1992 Fodé Sylla, aged 29, became president and Batho, a representative of the "second generation SOS" in the words of Le Monde, was elected vice-president.
The Socialist Party
Batho joined the French Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste – PS) in the mid-1990s as a militant in the Grigny (Essonne) section. She participated, together with Julien Dray, in the party's Socialist Left tendency. At the party's Grenoble Congress she was elected to the national executive committee of the PS. In 2003, during the breakup of the socialist left, she remained loyal to Dray, who employed her at the Île-de-France Regional Council, where she was responsible for security matters. In 2004 she became National Secretary of the PS in charge of security, where she defended the policy of preventative sanctions.
Election to the National Assembly in 2007
In the parliamentary elections of 2007 Batho was the PS's candidate in the 2nd constituency of Deux-Sèvres, which Ségolène Royal had represented before running in the presidential election of that year. In the PS internal nomination contest, she received 54.75% of the vote as against 45.25% for Eric Gauthier, Ms Royal's former suppléant (reserve).
In the first round of the elections, held on 10 June, she received 20,690 votes (a 44.55% share), ahead of the second-placed Jean-Pierre Griffault, who received 16,131 votes (34.73%) for the UMP. In the second, run-off round, Griffault gained a 42.58% share (19,669 votes), and Batho was elected with 57.42% of the total ballot (26,524 votes).
Controversy regarding her housing
In March 2012, Delphine Batho was criticised when Le Monde revealed that she was the tenant of an apartment reserved for low-income families despite her own relatively high income.
Translator's note: These are in French.
- L'Elysée met fin aux fonctions de Delphine Batho. In: Le Monde du 2.7.2013 (retrieved on 2. .7. 2013)]
- There is some disagreement on the figure involved. AFP (Agence France Presse), quoted in Le Figaro 21/11/2007, article "40 ans de contestation étudiante en France", consulted 4/11/2012, gives the sum as 4.5 million francs; whereas the student organisation FIDL, in a timeline of actions, states it to be 4.5 billion,, consulted 04/11/2012.
- "History" (in French). FIDL. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Bernard Philippe, Passage de témoin chez les « potes »
- Cf. la séries d'articles de Libération : Les 30 visages du réseau Ségolène Royal, dans la rubrique Les Nouvelles un article de Jacky Durant intitulé Delphine Batho, paru dans l'édition du 2 mai 2007, page 13.