Delta Connection

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Delta Connection
Delta Connection logo.gif
IATA
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ICAO
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Callsign
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Hubs
Frequent-flyer program SkyMiles
Airport lounge Delta Sky Club
Alliance SkyTeam
Fleet size 540

Delta Connection is a regional airline brand name for Delta Air Lines, under which a number of individually owned regional airlines operate short- and medium-haul routes. Mainline carriers often use regional airlines to operate services in order to increase frequency, serve routes that would not sustain larger aircraft, or for other competitive reasons.

History[edit]

A Delta Connection Bombardier CRJ-701, operated by SkyWest, landing at Vancouver
A Delta Connection CRJ-100, operated by Comair, landing at Baltimore

Delta Connection was founded in 1984 as a means of expanding the Delta network to smaller markets via partnerships with regional airlines. Atlantic Southeast Airlines (ASA) began Delta Connection service on March 1, 1984, from their hub in Atlanta, and soon had a substantial presence at the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. ASA was a wholly owned subsidiary of Delta Air Lines under the Delta Connection, Inc., holding company from May 11, 1999, to September 7, 2005, when it was purchased by SkyWest, Inc, the parent company of SkyWest Airlines.

Ransome Airlines operated Delta Connection flights from March 1, 1984 to June 1, 1986, when it was purchased by Pan Am. Comair began Delta Connection service on September 1, 1984. In January, 2000, Comair became a wholly owned subsidiary of Delta Air Lines. Rio Airways operated Delta Connection flights from their hub in Dallas/Fort Worth from June 1, 1984 to December 14, 1986, when the airline declared bankruptcy. Business Express Airlines operated Delta Connection flights in the northeastern US and Canada from June 1, 1986 to March 15, 2000. The company was purchased by AMR Corporation in 1999 and integrated into the American Eagle Airlines system in 2000. Trans States Airlines operated Delta Connection flights from March 1998 to March 31, 2000, mainly from their focus cities in Boston and New York.

On November 2, 2004 Atlantic Coast Airlines ended service as a Delta Connection Carrier. Atlantic Coast Airlines reinvented itself as a low fare carrier called Independence Air, based at Washington Dulles Airport.

On December 22, 2004, Delta Air Lines announced that Republic Airways would order and operate 16 Embraer 170 aircraft under the Delta Connection banner. Since then, it has been announced that Republic Airways subsidiary Shuttle America would operate the flights. The initial flight took place on September 1, 2005. On May 4, 2005, Delta Air Lines announced that Mesa Air Group subsidiary Freedom Airlines would operate up to 30 Bombardier CRJ-200 aircraft under the Delta Connection banner beginning in October 2005. Shortly after the announcement, the decision was made for Freedom to operate the Embraer ERJ 145 for Delta Connection instead of the CRJ. After a legal battle with Mesa Air Group, Delta and Freedom Airlines terminated their contract on September 1, 2010. On December 21, 2006, it was announced that Big Sky Airlines would become a Delta Connection carrier, using eight Beechcraft 1900 turboprops out of Boston Logan International Airport.

On March 1, 2007, it was announced that ExpressJet would operate 10 Embraer ERJ 145XR aircraft under the Delta Connection banner beginning in June 2007 on flights from Los Angeles International Airport. It was later announced that ExpressJet would operate an additional eight aircraft as Delta Connection. On July 3, 2008, Delta and ExpressJet announced that they had terminated their agreement and that ExpressJet operations as Delta Connection would end by September 1, 2008.[2] On April 30, 2007, it was announced that Pinnacle Airlines would operate 16 Bombardier CRJ-900 under the Delta Connection banner starting in December 2007.

The merger of Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines meant that Northwest's regional brand, Northwest Airlink, would be merged into Delta Connection. The new Delta Connection would include the regional airlines from both the original Delta and Northwest. On November 8, 2008, Delta and Mesaba Airlines, a former fully owned regional subsidiary of Northwest Airlines that operated as Northwest Airlink, announced that the seven CRJ-900 aircraft previously operated by Freedom as well as eight new-order aircraft would be operated for Delta Connection beginning February 12, 2009.

Citing cost reductions, Delta Air Lines sold former Northwest regional subsidiary Mesaba Airlines on July 1, 2010 to Pinnacle Airlines Corp. for $62 million. Its headquarters were moved to Pinnacle's in Memphis on December 26, 2011. Mesaba merged its operations into Pinnacle on January 4, 2012.[3][4] The same day, Trans States Holdings purchased Compass Airlines for $20.5 million USD.[5] It has maintained both regional operations with the airlines as of January 1, 2012.

Delta announced that it will add in-flight WiFi to 223 Delta Connection aircraft beginning in 2011.[6]

Regional carrier GoJet Airlines, also owned by Trans States Holdings, began operations from Detroit Wayne County Metropolitan Airport to cities in the Midwest using 15 CRJ-700 aircraft on January 11, 2012[7]

Following a merger between Atlantic Southeast Airlines (ASA) and ExpressJet, Delta Connection flights operated under the latter's name and ceased operations as ASA. All routes remained the same, but the flights began operating as ExpressJet beginning in 2012.[8]

On July 25, 2012, Delta announced that its wholly owned subsidiary Comair would cease all operations at midnight on September 28, 2012.

On May 1, 2013, as a condition of exiting bankruptcy, Pinnacle Airlines became a subsidiary of Delta and was subsequently renamed Endeavor Air.[9]

Operators[edit]

Delta Connection Fleet[10]
Airline IATA Service ICAO Code Call Sign Aircraft Number in Fleet Passengers Total Parent
F Y+ Y
Chautauqua Airlines RP CHQ Chautauqua Embraer ERJ-145 31 0 0 50 50 Republic Airways Holdings
Compass Airlines CP CPZ Compass Embraer 170
Embraer 175
6
36 + 3 orders
9
12
12
12
48
52
69
76
Trans States Holdings
Endeavor Air 9E FLG Flagship Bombardier CRJ-200
Bombardier CRJ-900
95
67 + 14 orders
0
12
0
12
50
52
50
76
Delta Air Lines
ExpressJet EV ASQ Acey Bombardier CRJ-200
Bombardier CRJ-700
Bombardier CRJ-900
74
41 + 4 orders
28 + 7 orders
0
9
12
0
8
12
50
48
52
50
65
76
SkyWest, Inc.
GoJet Airlines G7 GJS Lindbergh Bombardier CRJ-700 22 9 8 48 65 Trans States Holdings
Shuttle America S5 TCF Mercury Embraer 170
Embraer 175
12
16
9
12
12
12
48
52
69
76
Republic Airways Holdings
SkyWest Airlines OO SKW SkyWest Bombardier CRJ-200
Bombardier CRJ-700
Bombardier CRJ-900
47
25
40
0
9
12
0
8
12
50
48
52
50
65
76
SkyWest, Inc.

Destinations[edit]

Fleet[edit]

Delta Connection Bombardier CRJ-200 operated by ExpressJet
Delta Connection Embraer 175 operated by Compass Airlines
Delta Connection Bombardier CRJ-100 operated by Comair
Delta Connection Embraer 175 operated by Shuttle America
Delta Connection Bombardier CRJ-200 operated by SkyWest Airlines
Aircraft Total Notes
Chautauqua Airlines
Embraer ERJ 145 31
Compass Airlines
Embraer 170 6
Embraer 175 36 3 orders
ExpressJet Airlines
Bombardier CRJ-200ER 74
Bombardier CRJ-700ER 41 4 orders
Bombardier CRJ-900ER 28 7 orders
GoJet Airlines
Bombardier CRJ-700ER 22
Endeavor Air
Bombardier CRJ-200 95 All to be phased out
Bombardier CRJ-900 67 14 orders
Shuttle America
Embraer 170 12
Embraer 175 16
SkyWest Airlines
Bombardier CRJ-100ER 4
Bombardier CRJ-200ER 43
Bombardier CRJ-700ER 25
Bombardier CRJ-900 40
Total Aircraft
Bombardier CRJ-100ER 4
Bombardier CRJ-200 95 All to be phased out
Bombardier CRJ-200ER 117
Bombardier CRJ-700ER 88 4 orders
Bombardier CRJ-900 107 14 orders
Bombardier CRJ-900ER 28 7 orders
Embraer ERJ 145 31
Embraer 170 18
Embraer 175 52 3 orders
Total 540 28 orders

Academy[edit]

Delta Connection Academy is an airline flight school, formerly wholly-owned by Delta Air Lines, Inc. until its sale in 2009[11]. The academy is located in Sanford, Florida on the grounds of the Orlando Sanford International Airport. The school serves all the Delta Connection carriers above, and has been known to train pilots for over 30 other airlines in the world. The school currently issues more FAA certificates than any other Part 141 school in the country.

[12]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On February 1, 1991, SkyWest Flight 5569, an Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, was waiting for takeoff clearance on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport when USAir Flight 1493 collided with it. The ten passengers and two crew members onboard Flight 5569 were killed as well as twenty-two passengers and crew on USAir Flight 1493. The crash was blamed on the Air Traffic Controller who allowed the USAir plane to land on the same runway that the SkyWest flight was using.
  • On January 9, 1997, Comair Flight 3272, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, crashed near Monroe, Michigan. The flight, which originated from Cincinnati, Ohio, was on approach to Detroit. All 29 passengers and crew were killed when the plane crashed 18 miles from the airport. The cause is listed to be the "FAA's failure to establish adequate aircraft certification standards for flight in icing conditions, the FAA's failure to ensure that an FAA/CTA-approved procedure for the accident airplane's deice system operation was implemented by U.S.-based air carriers, and the FAA's failure to require the establishment of adequate minimum airspeeds for icing conditions."[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://news.delta.com/index.php?s=20309&cat=3191
  2. ^ Rigby, Bill (2008-07-03). "Delta, ExpressJet ditch regional pact". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  3. ^ "Mesaba to close Eagan headquarters, cut 193 jobs". Inforum. 2011-10-22. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  4. ^ Risher, Wayne (October 24, 2011). "Pinnacle Airlines to move Mesaba headquarters to Memphis, cutting 200 jobs in Minnesota". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  5. ^ "Delta to sell Mesaba and Compass for $82.5 million". Flightglobal.com. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Delta Eyes January Launch For New GoJet CRJ700 Operations". Aviation Week. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Atlantic Southeast Airlines, ExpressJet Airlines Gain Final FAA Approval to Operate as One". MarketWire. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Pinnacle Airlines now a Delta subsidiary". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 1 May 13. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Aircraft | Delta Air Lines". Delta.com. 2013-03-17. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  11. ^ https://readtiger.com/wkp/en/Aerosim_Flight_Academy#History
  12. ^ https://readtiger.com/wkp/en/Aerosim_Flight_Academy#History
  13. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA226-TC Metro II N163SW Kearns, UT". Aviation-safety.net. 1987-01-15. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  14. ^ "Wounded Bird," Mayday
  15. ^ Gary M. Pomerantz. "9 Minutes 20 Seconds". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  16. ^ Under 49 CFR Part 830.2, a fatal injury is one which results in death within 30 days of the accident.[2]
  17. ^ "Heroic flight attendant returns to Georgia crash site," CNN
  18. ^ "SR 407 - Robin Fech - honoring," Senate of Georgia
  19. ^ "In-Flight Loss of Propeller Blade, Forced Landing, and Collision with Terrain, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, Inc., Flight 529, Embraer EMB-120RT, N256AS, Carrollton, Georgia, August 21, 1995" (PDF). August 21, 1995. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  20. ^ "Accident Description: Comair Flight 3272". Aviation-safety.net. January 9, 1997. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]