Delta Phi Epsilon (professional)
|Delta Phi Epsilon|
|Founded||January 25, 1920
Greek: I Serve
|Colors||Black and Gold|
|Headquarters||Post Office Box 25401
Washington, D.C. (202) 337-9702, USA
Delta Phi Epsilon (ΔΦΕ) is the only national professional foreign service fraternity. Founded at Georgetown University on January 25, 1920, the society's mission is to promote good fellowship and brotherhood among persons studying or engaged in foreign service. The Alpha chapter went on to colonize at many other universities throughout the country in the first half of the twentieth century. The society has notable members in a variety of fields.
As of 2014, there are six active chapters. Active chapters are Georgetown's Alpha Chapter, New York University's Beta Chapter, The George Washington University's Eta Chapter, University of California, Berkeley's Epsilon Chapter, The American University's Pi Chapter, and University of Pacific's Psi Chapter. The organization has three chapters in The District of Columbia. Other chapters are currently in the process of being chartered and re-chartered.
The current president of Delta Phi Epsilon's national board is James-Michael von Stroebel, Al-'54. The current president of Alpha Chapter is W. Alexander Kirkman, Al-'12. None of the fraternity's chapters admit women, but in 1973 the Alpha Chapter of Delta Phi Epsilon Sorority was founded at Georgetown University. Since its creation, the sorority has grown to include chapters at several additional universities, such as Epsilon chapter in 2003, Eta chapter in 2006, Psi in 2008 and Pi in 2009.
The fraternity was founded in the wake of World War I, in a time of increased U.S. interest in world politics and solving global issues with diplomacy. In 1919, Fr. Edmund A. Walsh, S.J. at Georgetown University founded the School of Foreign Service (SFS) and in 1924, the Rogers Act formed the basis of the United States Foreign Service. During this time, other groups with similar missions, such as the Council on Foreign Relations, were also founded as were international bodies such as the League of Nations.
The four founders of the fraternity are Alfred O. Arsenau, Wesley O. Ash, Samuel C. Bartlett, and T.J. Patrick O'Connell. The first three, undergraduates in Georgetown's SFS, at first held in common only their experience in overseas military service and their interest in foreign service careers. Later they were drawn together by their common vision for a professional foreign service fraternity for future graduates of the School of Foreign Service and others in the field. The fourth founder had developed a similar vision independently, which he discussed with Arsenau. Later these men joined with seven interested undergraduates (future brothers Sandager, Butts, Ash, MacKenzie, Brooks, Sullivan Scott, and Bates) and signed the Articles of Agreement. After choosing a name and nominating officers, Delta Phi Epsilon Foreign Service Fraternity was founded at the Catholic Community House on E Street on January 25, 1920. The fraternity was incorporated in the District of Columbia on April 20, 1920.
Early expansion focused on East Coast schools, but after World War II, the fraternity saw greater expansion into new institutions across the United States. There was also pressure for the fraternity to admit women. In 1956 the National Board of Directors reached a compromise and created the Delta Phi Epsilon International Society of Business and Foreign Affairs, which was to be open to all. The society, however, was never a success. The few women members it initiated could not develop the strong bonds across generations that the Fraternity's brothers had always enjoyed. In the 1960s, the Fraternity began to see a decline in members. In June 1972, the National Board tentatively voted to re-constitute the Fraternity into a co-ed Society. The idea never became a reality, though, because the Fraternity's Alpha Chapter came up with a better idea. In October 1972, at the suggestion of Alpha Chapter, the Fraternity's leaders began helping to create the national Delta Phi Epsilon Professional Foreign Service Sorority, which was founded on February 24, 1973.
Further decline in the 1970s caused the folding of twenty-one chapters, including the new sorority, leaving only the original Alpha Chapter fraternity active. This decline is attributed to two major factors: a national decline in professional fraternities and a negative perception of the foreign service. During the Viet-nam War, the foreign service was closely associated with contemporary U.S. foreign policy, which was protested against at many member institutions. In the 1980s, Alpha Chapter, which was briefly inactive in 1982, was sustained in part due to the leadership of new National General Secretary Terrence J. Boyle. After numerous attempts during the 1990s, some of these defunct chapters were revived in the 2000s. The Alpha Chapter sorority was also revived from 1990 to 1995, and again in 1998. In November 2008, Psi Chapter was installed at the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. In January 2009, after being inactive for more than 45 years, Beta Chapter at New York University was re-activated.
Alpha Chapter is the longest-lived active chapter of Delta Phi Epsilon, and is the only fraternal organization at Georgetown University with a house. The short-lived re-activation of Gamma Chapter at Boston University in May 1993 was followed by the re-activation of Epsilon Chapter, inactive since 1972, in 2003 at the University of California at Berkeley and the re-activation of Eta Chapter, inactive since 1969, in November 2005 at The George Washington University. The Fraternity also saw the addition of the first new chapter in thirty-two years, at the University of the Pacific in 2008. New York University's Beta Chapter and The American University's Pi Chapter were also revived in 2009.
- 1920, Alpha Chapter, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
- 1973, Alpha Chapter Sorority
- 1920, Beta Chapter, School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance, New York University, New York City, NY
- 1923, Epsilon Chapter, College of Commerce, University of California, Berkeley, CA
- 1929, Eta Chapter, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
- 2006, Eta Chapter Sorority
- 1967, Pi Chapter, School of International Service, The American University, Washington, D.C.
- 2009, Pi Chapter Sorority
- 2008, Psi Chapter, School of International Studies, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA
- 1922, Gamma Chapter, School of Business Administration, Boston University, Boston, MA
- 1923, Delta Chapter, College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
- 1924, Zeta Chapter, School of Commerce and Finance, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI
- 1939, Theta Chapter, School of Business, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
- 1939, Iota Chapter , University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI
- 1962, Iota Chapter , Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
- 1949, Kappa Chapter, Leland Stanford Junior University, Palo Alto, CA
- 1949, Lambda Chapter, American Institute for Foreign Trade, Phoenix, AZ
- 1955, Mu Chapter, Michigan State University, Lansing, MI
- 1964, Nu Chapter, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- 1966, Xi Chapter, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
- 1965, Omicron Chapter, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA
- 1971, Rho Chapter, Los Angeles State College, Los Angeles, CA
- 1972, Sigma Chapter, Pepperdine University, Los Angeles, CA
- 1974, Tau Chapter, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA
- 1976, Upsilon Chapter, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
- 1975, Phi Chapter, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
- 1976, Omega Chapter, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX
In addition to the Line Brothers initiated by each chapter of Delta Phi Epsilon, the fraternity has inducted several notable faculty members as National Brothers.
- Harry Sandager, Al-'20 (Charter Member); late former U.S. Representative from Rhode Island.
- Walter J. Donnelly, Al-'20; late former U.S. Ambassador to Costa Rica, Venezuela and Austria.
- William Smith Culbertson, Al-'20; late former U.S. Ambassador to Romania and Chile.
- Rufus B. von KleinSmid, De-'23; late former President of the American Association of Colleges and Universities; former President of the University of Arizona; former President and Chancellor of the University of Southern California.
- Edward B. Lawson, Al-'24; late former U.S. Ambassador to Iceland and Israel.
- Raymond P. Ludden, Al-'28; late U.S. State Department China expert.
- Don C. Faith, Al-'38; Georgetown University's only Medal of Honor recipient (awarded posthumously).
- Claude G. "Tony" Ross, De-'38; late former U.S. Ambassador to the Central African Republic, Haïti, and Tanzania.
- Philip W. Manhard, De-'42; late Foreign Sercive Officer held as a POW by the North Vietnamese. Later became U.S. Ambassador to Mauritius.
- Roderic H. Davison, Et-'48; late Professor of Government at The George Washington University.
- Walter I. "Jack" Giles, Al-'49; late government professor at Georgetown University.
- Diego C. Asencio, Al-'50; former U.S. Ambassador to Colombia and Brazil.
- Walt Disney, De-'50; late film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator.
- Derek C. Bok, Ka-'50; former President of Harvard University and former Dean of Harvard Law School.
- Robert A. Scalapino, Ep-'50; late Professor of Government Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley.
- Donald L. O'Toole, Al-'51; late former U.S. Representative from New York.
- William F. Knowland, Al-'51; late former U.S. Senator from California, and Republican Party leader.
- Paul M. A. Linebarger, Al-'53, late East Asia scholar; expert in psychological warfare.
- Grady McMurtry, Ep-'54; late occultist and revivor of Ordo Templi Orientis.
- Douglas MacArthur; Al-'56, late former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Belgium, Austria, and Iran.
- Thaddeus M. Machrowicz, Al-'59; late former politician and judge from Michigan.
- James F. Dobbins, Al-'60; former U.S. Ambassador to the European Union.
- St. Clair Bourne, Al-'62; late documentary filmmaker.
- Edward "Skip" Gnehm, Et-'64; former U.S. Ambassador to Kuwait, Australia, and Jordan.
- Jan Kozielewski (Karski), Al-'64; late former Polish Underground WWII officer, Georgetown professor, and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient.
- George R. Houston, Jr., Al-'64; late former Georgetown faculty and treasurer. Went on to become President Emeritus of Mount St. Mary's University.
- Lev Dobriansky, Al-'68; late former U.S. Ambassador to the Bahamas, Georgetown professor, and anti-communist advocate.
- Abdul Aziz Said, Pi-'67; senior ranking professor of international relations in the School of International Service at The American University.
- Kenneth W. Starr, Et-'67; former Solicitor General of the United States.
- Bob Barr, De-'70; former federal prosecutor and a former U.S. Representative.
- Jesse A. Mann, Al-'68; dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University 1968-1970.
- Ibrahim Oweiss, Al-'68; Professor of Economics Emeritus at Georgetown University.
- Thomas J. Dodd, Jr., Al-'72; former U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay and Costa Rica.
- Mark von Hagen, Al-'72; professor of history in the Arizona State University School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies.
- Franklin L. Lavin, Al-'75; former U.S. Ambassador to Singapore.
- Eric G. John, Al-'78; former U.S. Ambassador to Thailand and current Senior Advisor for Security Negotiations and Agreements in the Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
- George L. Sherry (Shershevsky), Om-'89; late former U.S. United Nations official and professor at Occidental College.
- Madeleine Albright, (sorority) Al-'91; former United States Secretary of State.
- Evan G. Galbraith, Al-'94; late former U.S. Ambassador to France.
- Earl C. Ravenal, Al-'94; former distinguished senior fellow in foreign policy studies and Professor in Foreign Service Emeritus at Georgetown University.
- Michael R. Czinkota, Al-'96; Georgetown professor, author; former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce in the U.S. Department of Commerce.
- John Wood, Al-'96; Chancellor of the University of Canterbury; former Deputy Secretary of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand; and former two-term Ambassador to the United States.
- Aurel Munteanu, Al-'98; late former Romanian Ambassador to the U.S.
- Evan Kohlmann, Al-'98; private sector international counter-terrorism consultant.
- Phillip Karber, Al-'03; former Ford executive, who also served as Special Advisor to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
- Charles A. Coulombe, Al-'04; American Catholic historian, author, journalist, and lecturer.
- Thomas M. King, S.J., Al-'05; late professor of theology at Georgetown University.
- Howard B. Schaffer, Al-'05; former U.S. Ambassador to Bangladesh and twice Deputy Assistant Secretary of State.
- H. Allen Holmes, Al-'07; former U.S. Ambassador to Portugal.
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- Delta Phi Epsilon
- Alpha Chapter
- Alpha Chapter Sorority
- Epsilon Chapter
- Eta Chapter
- Eta Chapter Sorority
- Website of Terrence Boyle
- Pi Chapter (Fraternity and Sorority)
- Pi Chapter Fraternity
- Pi Chapter Sorority
- Psi Chapter