Deltona, Florida

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Deltona, Florida
City
City of Deltona
Deltona City Hall in March 2015
Deltona City Hall in March 2015
Official seal of Deltona, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): Florida's Bright Spot
Motto: "I'm Proud to Be a Part of It!"
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.90500°N 81.21111°W / 28.90500; -81.21111[1]
Country United States
State Florida
County Volusia
Established 1962
Incorporated December 31, 1995
Government
 • Type Commission–Manager
 • Mayor John C. Masiarczyk, Sr.
 • Vice Mayor Nancy Schleicher
 • City Manager Dale Baker (Acting)[2]
Area[1]
 • Total 41.1 sq mi (106.4 km2)
 • Land 37.5 sq mi (97.2 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)  8.5%
 • Urban 100.21 sq mi (259.5 km2)
Elevation[3] 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)[1][4][5]
 • Total 85,182
 • Estimate (2013) 86,290
 • Density 2,269.6/sq mi (876.3/km2)
 • Urban 182,169
 • Metro 590,289
Demonym Deltonian
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 32725, 32738
Area code(s) 386, 407
FIPS code 12-17200[4]
GNIS feature ID 0281490[3]
Website www.deltonafl.gov

Deltona is the most populous city in Volusia County, Florida, with a population of 85,182 as of the 2010 United States Census. It is located approximately halfway between Orlando and Daytona Beach, lying on the northern shore of Lake Monroe along the St. Johns River. The city is a part of the Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach, FL metropolitan statistical area, which was home to 590,289 people in 2010.

The city was founded in 1962 as a planned residential community, and was originally named Deltona Lakes.[6] It was master-planned and developed by the General Development Corporation and the Mackle Brothers. The rapid development of housing units since its opening in 1962 led to a major population boom, growing from a subdivision of less than 5,000 people to becoming the largest municipality in Volusia County by the end of the 20th century. This rapid development has resulted into an almost entirely residential cityscape. As a result, the city primarily serves as a commuter town for the nearby cities of Orlando and Daytona Beach, as well as its surrounding communities.

History[edit]

The area of what currently comprises of Deltona and surrounding communities was originally inhabited by nomadic Timucuans, who found fish and fresh water plentiful in the area.[7] After Florida became a state in 1845, steamboats began to make regular trips up the St. Johns River to Lake Monroe.[7] A man named George Sauls, a former secret agent for the Confederacy during the American Civil War, along with his wife Adeline and six children, were the first settlers in the area currently known as Deltona in 1859.[8] The area, named Saulsville, was located approximately three miles (5 km) north of the community of Osteen. Sauls' homestead would eventually catch on fire in 1972. It would eventually be designated as a historical site by the Volusia County Historical Commission, and the street, originally named Barranca, was renamed George Sauls Street in 1977. It was decommissioned as a historical site in 2000, and its site marker has since been relocated to the nearby Osteen Cemetery, with maintenance overseen by the Volusia County Preservation Board.[8][9]

What now constitutes the city was established in 1962 as Deltona Lakes, and was developed by the Miami-based Mackle Company as a planned residential community through the purchase of 17,203 acres of land (including the original site of Saulsville), a community of 35,143 lots. The subdivision, directly north of Enterprise, also included out-parcels for drainage retention, apartments, churches, parks, commercial centers, an industrial area, a community center, and a golf course.[10] Deltona Lakes was officially classified as a census-designated place at the 1970 census, which by that time, had an estimated population of 4,868, and a median age of 62.

In 1974, Deltona Lakes was approved as a planned unit development by the Volusia County Council. A housing boom occurred in the 1980s, and by 1990, the average age of Deltona Lakes was 35, and had a population of 51,000.[11] The residents of Deltona Lakes voted in September 1995 to incorporate it as a city, after two previous failed attempts to do so in 1987 and 1990,[12] adopting a city charter on September 9, 1995, and also elected a seven-member city commission. Deltona Lakes would become incorporated as the City of Deltona on December 31, 1995.

Geography and climate[edit]

Deltona is located at 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.905121°N 81.210978°W / 28.905121; -81.210978.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.1 square miles (106.4 km2), 37.5 square miles (97.1 km2) of which is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) of which is water. Of the total water area, there are over 100 lakes within the city limits.[13]

The majority of the land in the city is of karst topography. The St. Johns River runs along through Lake Monroe directly south of the city, and continues along west of DeBary. The United States Geological Survey lists the city's elevation at 33 feet (10 m) above sea level at a point near Deltona's geographic center.[14] Elevations range from 20 feet (6.1 m) to 112 feet (34 m) above sea level.

Deltona's climate is classified as a humid subtropical climate in the Cfa Köppen climate classification, meaning it typically has hot, humid summers and mild winters. The area benefits from a three-season climate (spring, summer, and fall) with an average annual rainfall of 53 inches (1,300 mm). The record high temperature is 103 °F (39 °C) recorded in July 1998, with a record low of 19 °F (−7 °C) recorded in January 1985.[15]

Climate data for Deltona, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
89
(32)
92
(33)
96
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
103
(39)
100
(38)
98
(37)
96
(36)
92
(33)
88
(31)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 70
(21)
72
(22)
77
(25)
81
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
89
(32)
83
(28)
78
(26)
72
(22)
81.9
(27.7)
Average low °F (°C) 47
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
57
(14)
63
(17)
69
(21)
71
(22)
71
(22)
70
(21)
64
(18)
57
(14)
50
(10)
60.2
(15.7)
Record low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
45
(7)
52
(11)
60
(16)
64
(18)
52
(11)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
19
(−7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.88
(73.2)
2.96
(75.2)
3.80
(96.5)
2.55
(64.8)
3.53
(89.7)
6.41
(162.8)
7.02
(178.3)
7.23
(183.6)
5.88
(149.4)
3.56
(90.4)
2.96
(75.2)
2.53
(64.3)
51.31
(1,303.4)
Source: The Weather Channel[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 4,868
1980 15,710 222.7%
1990 50,828 223.5%
2000 69,543 36.8%
2010 85,182 22.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Deltona Demographics
2010 U.S. Census Deltona Volusia County Florida
Total population 85,182 494,593 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +22.5% +11.6% +17.6%
Population density 2,269.6/sq mi 449.2/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 76.7% 82.5% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 56.9% 75.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 10.9% 10.5% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 30.2% 11.2% 22.5%
Asian 1.3% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.5% 0.4% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 3.6% 2.1% 2.5%
Some Other Race 6.9% 3.0% 3.6%

As of the 2010 U.S. Census,[4] there were 85,182 people residing within the city. As of 2010, there were 34,089 households out of which 11.3% were vacant. In 2000, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $50,058. Males had a median income of $34,478 versus $27,230 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,019. About 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line.

The 2010 U.S. Census data indicated that 30.2% of the city's population were Hispanic or Latino.[16] The majority of Hispanic residents in Deltona were Puerto Rican, and made up 20.7% of the population. 1.8% of the population were Cuban, 1.6% of the population were Mexican, 1.5% of the population were Dominican, and 4.6% of the population were of other Hispanic or Latino origin, as of 2010.[4]

As of 2000, English spoken as a first language accounted for 81.39% of all residents, while 18.60% spoke other languages as their mother tongue. The most significant were Spanish speakers who made up 15.85% of the population, while Italian came up as the third most spoken language, which made up 0.71%, and French was at fourth, with 0.58% of the population.[17]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Deltona operates under a commission–manager form of government, consisting of seven elected officials, and an appointed city manager. Residents elect, through non-partisan elections, a mayor who represents the city at-large and six commission members who each represent a specific district of the community. Elected officials serve four-year terms, with a limit of two successive four-year terms. The mayor serves as the presiding officer at official meetings and as the ceremonial head of the city. A vice mayor is elected annually by the city commission from among the commission members. The current mayor is John C. Masiarczyk, Sr., who was elected into office in November 2010.

City-wide public bus transportation and paratransit service is provided by Votran, the public transit service of Volusia County. It is governed by the County of Volusia, headquartered in South Daytona. SunRail provides commuter rail service to the Orlando area in the neighboring city of DeBary via Votran feeder bus service to the DeBary station, and a 275-space park and ride.[18] The closest major passenger airport to Deltona is Orlando International Airport, located approximately 33 miles (53 km) south. Additional commercial airline service is provided at Orlando Sanford International Airport, approximately 9 miles (14 km) south, and Daytona Beach International Airport, approximately 22 miles (35 km) northeast. Deltona's only limited-access highway is Interstate 4, and traverses through the city's western boundary. Other major highways include Florida State Road 472, which terminates near the city limit in northwestern Deltona at Howland Boulevard, and Florida State Road 415, which traverses through the city's southeastern boundary.

The city's water supply and wastewater management is overseen by Deltona Water,[19] a division of the City of Deltona's Public Works Department, with some areas managed by the Volusia County Water Resources and Utilities division.[20] Its main water supply comes from the Floridan aquifer system, one of the most productive aquifers in the world.[21] Commercial solid waste (trash and garbage collection), recycling and yard waste services are offered through Waste Pro. Natural gas is provided by Florida Public Utilities. Electric power service is provided by Florida Power & Light and Progress Energy (a subsidiary of Duke Energy). Wired telephone service is provided by AT&T and CenturyLink. Cable television is provided by Bright House Networks.

Economy[edit]

As of 2013, 60.0% of the population aged 16 years and over was in the labor force, with 52.7% employed and 7.2% unemployed. 32.4% of the population worked in sales and office occupations; 24.8% worked in management, business, science and arts occupations; 20.7% in service occupations; 11.5% in producation, transportation, and material moving occupations; and 10.6% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.[4] The industries for which the city's inhabitants worked were 20.0% educational, health, and social services; 15.4% retail trade; 10.7% professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management services; 9.5% arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services; 7.7% manufacturing; 7.6% finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing; 7.2% construction; 6.3% public administration; 5.1% transportation, warehousing and utilities; 4.5% other services (except public administration); 3.5% information; 2.2% wholesale trade; and 0.4% agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining.[4] 82.7% of workers worked in the private sector, 12.7% in government, and 4.6% self-employed in unincorporated businesses. 85.9% of the population commute to work by driving alone in own car, with 8.1% consisting of carpoolers, 3.3% worked from home, 0.5% walked to work, 0.4% used public transportation (excluding taxicab), and 1.7% used other means to travel to work. The average commute time for workers is 32 minutes.[4]

Fitch, Moody's, and Standard & Poor's rated Deltona bonds as "AA-" between 2013 and 2014.[22][23][24] Fitch attributed Deltona's small commercial sector to the city being a "largely residential and mostly built-out community", but did acknowledge the city's improving unemployment rate, dropping from a peak of 12% in 2010 to 6.4% in June 2014.[22] As of 2014, the largest employers in the city include Daytona State College, followed by Publix Supermarkets, and Walmart.[22][25]

Education[edit]

According to the 2010 American Community Survey, 14.2% of all adults over the age of 25 in Deltona have obtained a bachelor's degree, which was below the national average of 27.2% of adults over 25, and 84.7% of Deltona residents over the age of 25 have earned a high school diploma, as compared to the national average of 85.0%.[26] Deltona had approximately 11,877 students enrolled in its public schools in the 2012-2013 school year.[27] Three private schools are located in the city, offering both primary and secondary education. Higher education is offered by Bethune-Cookman University[28] and Daytona State College through satellite campuses located in the city.

Public primary and secondary education is handled by Volusia County Schools (VCS). VCS operates 2 high schools, 3 middle schools and 7 elementary schools within city limits.[27] One elementary school is located in unincorporated Deltona, and four public schools in neighboring communities serve outer portions of the city. In 2010, the Florida Department of Education awarded all public elementary and middle schools in the city "A" or "B" grades based on their performance on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test.[29] In 2013, both public high schools in the city received a "B."[29]

Media and culture[edit]

Deltona is a part of the OrlandoDaytona BeachMelbourne media market, which is the 33rd largest radio market[30] and the eighteenth largest television market[31] in the United States. Its primary daily newspapers are the Orlando Sentinel, The Daytona Beach News-Journal, and the West Volusia Beacon. The city is also served by El Sentinel, the Spanish-language counterpart of the Orlando Sentinel.

The city has one public library, the Deltona Regional Library, a branch of the Volusia County Public Library system which consists of the main library, an environmental learning center, and a 1,000-seat outdoor amphitheater built for community gatherings and educational instruction.[32] The 50,000 square foot (4,645 m2) facility received a Silver Certification from the U.S. Green Building Council.[6] The library is adjacent to the Lyonia Preserve, a 360 acre (146 ha) joint project between Volusia County's Land Acquisition & Management Division and the District School Board. The purpose of the project is to restore and maintain the area's endangered scrub habitat. The Lyonia Environmental Center, located at the library, serves to encourage discovery and exploration of Volusia County’s ecosystems and foster community involvement in conservation efforts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ City of Deltona, FL - Administration. City of Deltona. deltonafl.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  6. ^ a b Deltona | Florida Business Relocation, Expansion | Volusia County. Team Volusia Economic Development Corporation. teamvolusia.com. Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  7. ^ a b "City of Deltona, Florida: City History". deltonafl.gov. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b Volusia County History: City of Deltona. Volusia.org. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
  9. ^ Florida Historical Markers Programs - Marker: All Counties. Division of Historical Resources. Florida Department of State. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
  10. ^ Mackle Company Home Page. The Mackle Company. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  11. ^ City of Deltona. City of Deltona Evaluation and Appraisal Report. deltonafl.gov. June 2008. Retrieved 2012-02-18
  12. ^ Oropeza, Lorena (1987-01-28). Legislators Debate Deltona Incorporation Vote. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2012-02-17
  13. ^ Deltona, FL - Forbes. Forbes. Forbes.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  14. ^ Feature Detail Report for: City of Deltona. Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  15. ^ a b Average Weather for Deltona, FL. Weather.com. Retrieved 2010-12-19
  16. ^ Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 (Deltona city, Florida). American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  17. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Deltona, Florida.
  18. ^ Harper, Mark (2014-05-27). DeBary SunRail stop attracts 2nd most riders. The Daytona Beach News-Journal. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  19. ^ SWAP: Assessment for DELTONA WATER. Florida Department of Environmental Protection. www.dep.state.fl.us. 2014-10-01. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  20. ^ Everson, Al (2013-09-17). Deltona to finally get new sewage plant. West Volusia Beacon. beacononlinenews.com. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  21. ^ Floridan Aquifer System. United States Geological Survey. usgs.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  22. ^ a b c Fitch Upgrades Deltona, FL's Transportation Capital Improvement Rev Bonds to 'AA-'; Outlook Stable. Business Wire. 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
  23. ^ Deltona, FL Issuer Credit Rating Raised To 'AA' Based On Local GO Criteria. bondsonline.com. 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
  24. ^ Moody's has corrected the rating of City of Deltona's (FL) Transportation Capital Improvement Bonds, Series 2006 to Aa3 from A1. Moody's Investors Service. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
  25. ^ City of Deltona, Florida - Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. p. 131. City of Deltona Finance Department. 2014-09-30. Retrieved 2015-03-18.
  26. ^ "Deltona city, Florida 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  27. ^ a b Deltona, Florida. National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  28. ^ Circelli, Deborah (2013-08-19) B-CU's Deltona campus a dream come true. The Daytona Beach News-Journal. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
  29. ^ a b 2013-2014 School Accountability Reports - School Grades. Florida Department of Education. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
  30. ^ "Market Survey Schedule & Population Rankings: Fall 2013". Arbitron. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 
  31. ^ "Local Television Market Universe Estimates". Nielson Company. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 
  32. ^ Deltona Regional Library, Lyonia Environmental Center and Deltona Amphitheater - Fact Sheet. lyoniapreserve.com. Retrieved 2015-03-18.

External links[edit]