Dema Deity

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Hainuwele, whose dismembered body gave origin to various edible plants

Dema Deity is a concept introduced by Adolf Ellegard Jensen following his research on religious sacrifice.[1] Jensen was a German ethnologist who furthered the theory of Cultural Morphology founded by Leo Frobenius,[2]

Definition[edit]

The term dema comes from the Marind-anim peoples of south-west Papua and has been used to refer to similar concepts in Melanesian Religion and elsewhere. Dema Deities are mythological figures (human, animal, or super-human) who have given to certain peoples their land, food-crops, totems, and knowledge such as how to cultivate crops, raise poultry, make boats, perform dances and perform sacred rituals. In some cases, such as in the Hainuwele myth of Seram recorded by Jensen, it is claimed that from their dismembered bodies, blood, etc., came the different communities that are now in existence, together with their territory. Both local culture and natural environment remain permeated with the supernatural power of these creative deities.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adolf Ellegard Jensen, Myth and Cult among Primitive Peoples, University of Chicago Press, 1963
  2. ^ The study of religion(s) in Western Europe II - Michael Stausberg
  3. ^ Powers, Plumes and Piglets: Phenomena of Melanesian religion(ed. by N. C. Habel), Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia Association for the Study of Religions, 1979: ISBN 0-908083-07-6

Further reading[edit]

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