Demak Great Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Masjid Agung Demak
Masjid demak.jpg
Basic information
Location Demak, Indonesia
Affiliation Islam
Administration Demak government
Minaret(s) None

Masjid Agung Demak (or Demak Great Mosque) is one of the oldest mosques in Indonesia, located in the center town of Demak, Central Java Indonesia. The mosque is believed to be built by Sunan Kalijaga, one of the Wali Songo (nine Muslim saints) during the first Demak Sultanate ruler, Raden Patah during the 15th century.[1]

Features[edit]

Although it has had a number of renovations, it is thought to be largely in its original form.[2] The mosque is a classic example of a traditional Javanese mosque. Unlike mosques in the Middle East it is built from timber. Rather than a dome, which did not appear on Indonesian mosques until the 19th century, the roof is tiered and supported by four saka guru teak pillars.[3] The tiered roof shows many similarities with wooden religious structures from the Hindu-Buddhist civilizations of Java and Bali. The main entrance of Masjid Agung Demak consists of two doors carved with motifs of plants, vases, crowns and an animal head with an open wide-toothed mouth. It is said that picture depicts the manifested thunder caught by Ki Ageng Selo, hence their name “Lawang Bledheg” (the doors of thunder).

Like other mosques of its era, its orientation towards Mecca is only approximate.[4]

Carving and historical relics[edit]

Pictures of Masjid Agung Demak at the end of the 19th century

Its walls contain Vietnamese ceramics. With their shapes derived from conventions of Javanese woodcarving and brickwork, they are thought to have been specially ordered.[5] The use of ceramic rather than stone is thought to have been in imitation of the mosques of Persia.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Florida, Nancy K Writing the past, inscribing the future: history as prophesy in colonial Java Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 1995 - Chapter. 5. The Demak Mosque: A Construction of Authority (Babad Jaka Tingkir). ISBN 0-8223-1622-6
  2. ^ Turner, Peter (November 1995). Java. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-86442-314-4. 
  3. ^ Turner, Peter (November 1995). Java. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-86442-314-4. 
  4. ^ Turner, Peter (November 1995). Java. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-86442-314-4. 
  5. ^ Schoppert, Peter; Damais, Soedarmadji & Sosrowardoyo, Tara (1998), Java Style, Tokyo: Tuttle Publishing, p. 41, ISBN 962-593-232-1 .
  6. ^ Schoppert, Peter; Damais, Soedarmadji & Sosrowardoyo, Tara (1998), Java Style, Tokyo: Tuttle Publishing, ISBN 962-593-232-1 .

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 6°53′41″S 110°38′15″E / 6.89472°S 110.63750°E / -6.89472; 110.63750