Demetrius II of Georgia

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Demetrius II
დემეტრე II
King of Kings of Georgia
Demetre II (crop) repaired.jpg
King of Georgia
Reign 1270–1289
Coronation 1271
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
Predecessor David VII
Successor Vakhtang II
Spouse Theodora Megale Komnena
Solgar
Natela Jaqeli
Issue David VIII of Georgia
Vakhtang III of Georgia
Prince Lasha
Prince Manuel
Princess Rusudan
Prince Baidu
Prince Iadgar
Princess Jigda
George V of Georgia
Full name
Demetrius II the Self-Sacrificer
Dynasty Bagrationi dynasty
Father David VII of Georgia
Mother Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
Born 1259
Died 12 March 1289
Movakani
Burial Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, Mtskheta
Religion Georgian Orthodox Church

Demetrius II the Self-Sacrificer or the Devoted (Georgian: დემეტრე II თავდადებული) (1259–12 March 1289) of the Bagrationi dynasty, was king of Georgia in 1270–1289.

Life[edit]

"Demetrius II goes to the Khan", by Henryk Hryniewski.

Son of King David VII and his wife Gvantsa, Demetrius was only 2 years old when his mother was killed by the Mongols in 1261. He succeeded on his father's death in 1270, when he was 11 years old. He ruled under the regency of Sadun Mankaberdeli for some time. In 1277–1281, he took part in Abaqa Khan's campaigns against Egypt and in particularly distinguished himself at the Second Battle of Homs, (29 October 1281). Although he continued to be titled "king of Georgians and Abkhazians, etc", Demetrius’s rule extended only over the eastern part of the kingdom. Western Georgia was under the rule of the Imeretian branch of the Bagrationi dynasty.

King Demetrius was considered quite a controversial person. Devoted to Christianity, he was criticized for his polygamy.[citation needed] In 1288, on the order of Arghun Khan, he subdued the rebel province of Derbend at the Caspian Sea. The same year, Arghun revealed a plot organized by his powerful minister Buqa, whose son was married to Demetrius's daughter. Bugha and his family were massacred, and the Georgian king, suspected to be involved in a plot, was ordered to the Mongol capital, or Arghun threatened to invade Georgia. Despite much advice from nobles, Demetrius headed for the Khan’s residence to face apparent death, and was imprisoned there. He was beheaded at Movakan on 12 March 1289. He was buried at Mtskheta, Georgia, and canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church.

He was succeeded by his cousin Vakhtang II.

Marriages and children[edit]

At one point, Demetrius had three wives. In 1277, he married a daughter of Manuel I of Trebizond by whom he had five children

Demetrius also had three children by his second wife, Mongol princess Solghar:

In ca. 1280, he married his third wife, Natela, daughter of Beka I Jaqeli, Atabeg of Samtskhe and Lord High Steward of Georgia. They were the parents of George V the Brilliant.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
David VII
King of Georgia
1270–1289
Succeeded by
Vakhtang II