Demidov Prize

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov, the founder of the prize

The Demidov Prize (Russian: Демидовская премия) is a national scientific prize in the Russian Empire awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. One of the most prestigious and oldest scientific awards in the world, its traditions influenced other awards of this kind including the Nobel Prize. The Demidov Prize was restored by the government of the Sverdlovsk Oblast in 1993.

History[edit]

In 1831 Pavel Nikolaevich Demidov, representative of the famous Demidov family, established a scientific prize in his name. The Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) was chosen as the awarding institution. In 1832 the president of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Sergei Uvarov, awarded the first prizes.

From 1832 to 1866 the Academy awarded 55 full prizes (5,000 rubles) and 220 part prizes. Among the winners were many prominent Russian scientists: the founder of field surgery and inventor of the plaster immobilisation method in treatment of fractures, Nikolai Pirogov; the seafarer and geographer Adam Johann von Krusenstern; the creator of the periodic table of elements, Dmitri Mendeleev; the inventor of the electric engine, Boris Yakobi; and many others.

From 1866, 25 years after Pavel Demidov's death and according to the terms of his bequest, there were no more awards.

In 1993, on the initiative of the vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Mesyats and the governor of the Sverdlovsk Oblast Eduard Rossel, the Demidov Prize traditions were restored. The prize is awarded for outstanding achievements in natural sciences and humanities. The winners are elected annually among the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. According to the tradition every year the Demidov Scientific Foundation chooses three or four academicians to receive the award. The prize includes a medal, a diploma and $10,000. The awards ceremony takes place every year at the Governor's Palace of Sverdlovsk Oblast, in Yekaterinburg, Russia. The recipients of the Prize also give lectures at the Ural State University (Demidov Lecture).

Winners[edit]

Year Portrait Recipient(s) Field(s) Ref
1832 Magnus Georg Paucker Physics [1]
Julius Hagemeister Economics [1]
1833 Vostokov.jpg Aleksandr Vostokov Philology [1]
Carl Philipp Reiff Philology [1]
1835 fr Theodore Sidonsky Philosophy [1]
Iakinf Bichurin.jpg Archimandrite Hyacinth
(Nikita Bichurin)
History [1]
Pyotr Sokolov Philology [1]
1836 F Litke.jpg Friedrich Benjamin Lütke Geography [1]
BrashmanND.jpg Nikolaus Braschmann Mathematics [1]
Alexander Ivanovich Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky.jpg Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky History [1]
1837 Kruzenshtern I F.jpg Adam Johann von Krusenstern Geography [1]
Argelander.jpg Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander Astronomy [1]
Nikolay Ustryalov.jpg Nikolay Ustryalov History [1]
1838 Шодуар Станислав.jpg Stanislav Chaudoir History [1]
1839 Iakinf Bichurin.jpg Archimandrite Hyacinth
(Nikita Bichurin)
Philology [1]
Alexander Kazembek Philology [1]
Nikolay Medem Military sciences [1]
1840 Michail Pogodin.jpg Mikhail Pogodin Philology [1]
დავით ჩუბინაშვილი.jpg David Chubinashvili Philology [1]
Moritz Hermann von Jacobi 1856.jpg Boris Jacobi Physics [1]
1841 Alexander Postels Biology [1]
Franz Josef Ruprecht by IN Kramskoj.jpeg Franz Josef Ruprecht Biology [1]
1842 Admiral-Wrangel.jpg Ferdinand von Wrangel Geography [1]
1844 Vostokov.jpg Aleksandr Vostokov Philology [1]
Gerasim Pavskiy.jpg Fr Gerasim Pavsky Philology [1]
Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
1845 Аделунг Фёдор Павлович.jpg Friedrich von Adelung Geography [1]
1846 Alexey Savich.jpg Aleksey Savich Astronomy [1]
Jozef Kowalewski 1878.png Józef Kowalewski Philology [1]
ClausKE-2.jpg Karl Ernst Claus Chemistry [1]
1847 AlexanderGrafKeyserling.jpg Alexander Keyserling Geography [1]
Paul von Krusenstern Geography [1]
Anatole Demidoff.jpg Anatoly Demidov Geography [1]
Dmitry Andreevich Tolstoy.jpg Dmitry Tolstoy History [1]
დავით ჩუბინაშვილი.jpg David Chubinashvili Philology [1]
1848 J J Nervander.jpg Johan Jakob Nervander Meteorology [1]
1849 Chebyshev.jpg Pafnuty Chebyshev Mathematics [1]
1850 Fyodor Goremykin Military sciences [1]
1851 Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
Reyneke face.jpg Michael Reinecke Geography [1]
1852 KA Nevolin.jpg Konstantin Nevolin History [1]
Zeddeler Loggin Ivanovich.jpg Loggin Seddeler Military sciences [1]
1853 Milutin Dmitry Alexeevich.jpg Dmitry Milyutin History [1]
1854 Mitropolitan Macarius (Bulgakov).jpg Metropolitan Macarius
(Mikhail Bulgakov)
Theology [1]
KA Nevolin.jpg Konstantin Nevolin History [1]
1855 Zhuravsky.jpg Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii Technical sciences [1]
1857 Turchaninov.jpg Nikolai Turchaninov Biology [1]
Christian Pander.jpg Heinz Christian Pander Geography [1]
1858 Iosif Goshkevich Philology [1]
1859 Maximovich KI.jpg Carl Johann Maximovich Biology [1]
1860 Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
Fyodor Dmitriyev Law [1]
1861 Pyotr Pekarsky Philology [1]
Modest Bogdanovich.jpg Modest Bogdanovich History [1]
1862 Korf Modest Andreevich.jpg Modest von Korff History [1]
DIMendeleevCab.jpg Dmitri Mendeleev Chemistry [1]
1863 Grigory Butakov.jpeg Grigory Butakov Maritime sciences [1]
1865 Friedrich von Smitt History [1]
Ludwig Schwarz Geodesy [1]
Not awarded from 1866 till 1992
1993 Sergei Vonsovsky Physics [1]
Nikolay Kochetkov Chemistry [1]
Boris Chesnokov Geology [1]
Valentin Yanin History [1]
Anatoly Karpov Economics [1]
1994 Boris Rauschenbach Mechanics [1]
Aleksandr Bayev Biology [1]
Pyotr Kropotkin Geology [1]
Nikita Tolstoy Philology [1]
1995 Andrey Gaponov-Grekhov (1).jpg Andrey Gaponov-Grekhov Physics [1]
Genrich Tolstikov Chemistry [1]
Vladimir Magnitsky Geophysics [1]
Pokrovski Nikolai Nikolaevich (Academik).jpg Nikolay Pokrovsky History [1]
1996 Nikolay Krasovsky Mathematics and mechanics [1]
Vladimir Sokolov Biology [1]
G.S. Golitsyn.jpg Georgy Golitsyn Earth sciences [1]
Yevgeni Chelyshev Philology [1]
1997 Alexander Skrinsky Physics [1]
Nikolay Vatolin Chemistry [1]
Dmitry Medvedev 5 June 2009-7.jpg Nikolay Laverov Earth sciences [1]
Zalizn 5.jpg Andrey Zaliznyak Linguistics [1]
1998 Oleg Gazenko Biology [1]
Andre Gonchar Mathematics [1]
Valentin Sedov History [1]
Nikolay Yushkin Earth sciences [1]
1999 Zhores Alferov.jpg Zhores Alferov Physics [1]
Nikolay Dobretsov Earth sciences [1]
Vladimir Tartakovsky Chemistry [1]
2000 Victor Maslov Mathematics [1]
Nikolay Semikhatov Mechanics [1]
Rem Petrov and Vladimir Putin, June 2012.jpg Rem Petrov Earth sciences [1]
TIZaslavskaya.jpg Tatyana Zaslavskaya Economics and sociology [1]
2001 Aleksandr Prokhorov.jpg Aleksandr Prokhorov Physics [1]
KABANOV.jpg Viktor Kabanov Chemistry [1]
Igor Gramberg Earth sciences [1]
2002 Ludvig Faddejev.jpg Ludvig Faddeev Mathematics [1]
Viktor Savelyev Medicine [1]
Vladimir Kudryavtsev Law [1]
RIAN archive 731124 Yevgeny Tyazhelnikov awarding Gennady Mesyats.jpg Gennady Mesyats Physics [1]
2003 Boris Litvinov Physics [1]
Beletskaya.jpg Irina Beletskaya Chemistry [1]
Oleg Bogatikov Earth sciences [1]
2004 Marchuk GI.JPG Gury Marchuk Mathematics [1]
Vladimir Bolshakov Biology [1]
Anatoly Derevyanko History and archeology [1]
2005 Oleg Krokhin Physics [1]
Nikolay Lyakishev Physicochemistry [1]
Aleksey Kontorovich Earth sciences [1]
2006 Eneev Timur Magometovich.jpg Timur Eneev Mathematics [1]
Veniamin Alekseyev History [1]
Vladimir Kulakov Medicine [1]
2007 Boris Kovalchuk Physics [1]
Oleg Chupakhin Chemistry [1]
Mikhail Kuzmin Earth science [1]
2008 Evgeny Mischenko Mathematics [1]
Anatoly Grigoriev Medicine [1]
Valery Makarov Economics [1]
2009 Yuri Kagan Physics [1]
Dmitry Rundkvist Earth science [1]
Yuri Tretyakov Chemistry [1]
Alexey Olovnikov Biology [1]
2010 OsipovRAN.jpeg Yury Osipov Mathematics [1]
Gennady Sakovich Chemistry [1]
Alekseeva, Fedotov, Alekseev.jpeg Sergei Alekseev Humanities [1]
2011 Alexander Andreev Physics [1]
Yuriy Zhuravlyov Biology [1]
Котляков.jpg Vladimir Kotlyakov Earth science [1]
2012 E Primakov 03.jpg Yevgeny Primakov Social science [2]
Ilya Moiseev Chemistry [2]
Eugeny Avrorin Physics [2]
2013 Yuri Yershov Mathematics [3]
Alexander Spirin Biology [3]
Clement Troubetzkoy Mining [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv Лауреаты Демидовской премии (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Евгению Примакову вручили Демидовскую премию (in Russian). 7 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Demidov Prize Winners 2013". Russia-infocentre. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
Bibliography
  • (in Russian) N. A. Mezenin: Лауреаты Демидовских премий Петербургской Академии наук. Л., Наука, 1987.
  • (in Russian) Yuri Alexandrovich Sokolov, Zoya Antonovna Bessudnova, L. T. Prizhdetskaya: Отечественные действительные и почетные члены Российской академии наук 18-20 вв. Геология и горные науки.- М.: Научный мир, 2000.

External links[edit]