Demidov Prize

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Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov, the founder of the prize

The Demidov Prize (Russian: Демидовская премия) is a national scientific prize in the Russian Empire awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. One of the most prestigious and oldest scientific awards in the world, its traditions influenced other awards of this kind including the Nobel Prize. The Demidov Prize was restored by the government of the Sverdlovsk Oblast in 1993.

History[edit]

In 1831 Pavel Nikolaevich Demidov, representative of the famous Demidov family, established a scientific prize in his name. The Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) was chosen as the awarding institution. In 1832 the president of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Sergei Uvarov, awarded the first prizes.

From 1832 to 1866 the Academy awarded 55 full prizes (5,000 rubles) and 220 part prizes. Among the winners were many prominent Russian scientists: the founder of field surgery and inventor of the plaster immobilisation method in treatment of fractures, Nikolai Pirogov; the seafarer and geographer Adam Johann von Krusenstern; the creator of the periodic table of elements, Dmitri Mendeleev; the inventor of the electric engine, Boris Yakobi; and many others.

From 1866, 25 years after Pavel Demidov's death and according to the terms of his bequest, there were no more awards.

In 1993, on the initiative of the vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Mesyats and the governor of the Sverdlovsk Oblast Eduard Rossel, the Demidov Prize traditions were restored. The prize is awarded for outstanding achievements in natural sciences and humanities. The winners are elected annually among the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. According to the tradition every year the Demidov Scientific Foundation chooses three or four academicians to receive the award. The prize includes a medal, a diploma and $10,000. The awards ceremony takes place every year at the Governor's Palace of Sverdlovsk Oblast, in Yekaterinburg, Russia. The recipients of the Prize also give lectures at the Ural State University (Demidov Lecture).

Winners[edit]

Year Portrait Recipient(s) Field(s) Ref
1832

Magnus Georg Paucker

Physics [1]

Yulii Gagemeyster

Economics [1]
1833 Vostokov.jpg

Aleksandr Vostokov

Philology [1]

Filipp Reyf

Philology [1]
1835

Fydor Sidonskiy

Philosophy [1]
Iakinf Bichurin.jpg

Nikita Bichurin

History [1]

Pyotr Sokolov

Philology [1]
1836 F Litke.jpg

Fyodor Litke

Geography [1]
BrashmanND.jpg

Nikolai Brashman

Mathematics [1]
´Alexander Ivanovich Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky.jpg

Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky

History [1]
1837 Kruzenshtern I F.jpg

Ivan Kruzenshtern

Geography [1]
Argelander.jpg

Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander

Astronomy [1]
Nikolay Ustryalov.jpg

Nikolay Ustryalov

History [1]
1838 Шодуар Станислав.jpg

Stanislav Shoduar

History [1]
1839 Iakinf Bichurin.jpg

Nikita Bichurin

Philology [1]

Alexander Kazembek

Philology [1]

Nikolay Medem

Military sciences [1]
1840 Michail Pogodin.jpg

Mikhail Pogodin

Philology [1]
დავით ჩუბინაშვილი.jpg

David Chubinashvili

Philology [1]
Moritz Hermann von Jacobi 1856.jpg

Boris Yakobi

Physics [1]
1841

Alexander Postels

Biology [1]
Franz Josef Ruprecht by IN Kramskoj.jpeg

Franz Josef Ruprecht

Biology [1]
1842 Admiral-Wrangel.jpg

Ferdinand von Wrangel

Geography [1]
1844 Vostokov.jpg

Aleksandr Vostokov

Philology [1]
Gerasim Pavskiy.jpg

Gerasim Pavsky

Philology [1]
Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg

Nikolai Pirogov

Medicine [1]
1845 Аделунг Фёдор Павлович.jpg

Friedrich von Adelung

Geography [1]
1846 Alexey Savich.jpg

Aleksey Savich

Astronomy [1]
Jozef Kowalewski 1878.png

Osip Kovalevsky

Philology [1]
ClausKE-2.jpg

Karl Ernst Claus

Chemistry [1]
1847 AlexanderGrafKeyserling.jpg

Alexander Keyserling

Geography [1]

Pavel Kruzenshtern

Geography [1]
Anatole Demidoff.jpg

Anatoly Demidov

Geography [1]
Dmitry Andreevich Tolstoy.jpg

Dmitry Tolstoy

History [1]
დავით ჩუბინაშვილი.jpg

David Chubinashvili

Philology [1]
1848 J J Nervander.jpg

Johan Jakob Nervander

Meteorology [1]
1849 Chebyshev.jpg

Pafnuty Chebyshev

Mathematics [1]
1850

Fyodor Goremykin

Military sciences [1]
1851 Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg

Nikolai Pirogov

Medicine [1]
Reyneke face.jpg

Mikhail Reyneke

Geography [1]
1852 KA Nevolin.jpg

Konstantin Nevolin

History [1]
Zeddeler Loggin Ivanovich.jpg

Loggin Zeddeler

Military sciences [1]
1853 Milutin Dmitry Alexeevich.jpg

Dmitry Milyutin

History [1]
1854 Mitropolitan Macarius (Bulgakov).jpg

Mikhail Bulgakov

Theology [1]
KA Nevolin.jpg

Konstantin Nevolin

History [1]
1855 Zhuravsky.jpg

Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii

Technical sciences [1]
1857 Turchaninov.jpg

Nikolai Turchaninov

Biology [1]
Christian Pander.jpg

Heinz Christian Pander

Geography [1]
1858

Iosif Goshkevich

Philology [1]
1859 Maximovich KI.jpg

Karl Maximovich

Biology [1]
1860 Ilya Repin Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881.jpg

Nikolai Pirogov

Medicine [1]

Fyodor Dmitriyev

Law [1]
1861

Pyotr Pekarsky

Philology [1]
Modest Bogdanovich.jpg

Modest Bogdanovich

History [1]
1862 Korf Modest Andreevich.jpg

Modest Korf

History [1]
DIMendeleevCab.jpg

Dmitri Mendeleev

Chemistry [1]
1863 Grigory Butakov.jpeg

Grigory Butakov

Maritime sciences [1]
1865

Fyodor Smit

History [1]

Lyudvig Shwarts

Geodesy [1]
Not awarded from 1866 till 1992
1993

Sergei Vonsovsky

Physics [1]

Nikolay Kochetkov

Chemistry [1]

Boris Chesnokov

Geology [1]

Valentin Yanin

History [1]

Anatoly Karpov

Economics [1]
1994

Boris Rauschenbach

Mechanics [1]

Aleksandr Bayev

Biology [1]

Pyotr Kropotkin

Geology [1]

Nikita Tolstoy

Philology [1]
1995 Andrey Gaponov-Grekhov (1).jpg

Andrey Gaponov-Grekhov

Physics [1]

Genrich Tolstikov

Chemistry [1]

Vladimir Magnitsky

Geophysics [1]
Pokrovski Nikolai Nikolaevich (Academik).jpg

Nikolay Pokrovsky

History [1]
1996

Nikolai Krasovsky

Mathematics and mechanics [1]

Vladimir Sokolov

Biology [1]
G.S. Golitsyn.jpg

Georgy Golitsyn

Earth sciences [1]

Yevgeni Chelyshev

Philology [1]
1997

Alexander Skrinsky

Physics [1]

Nikolay Vatolin

Chemistry [1]
Dmitry Medvedev 5 June 2009-7.jpg

Nikolay Laverov

Earth sciences [1]
Zalizn 5.jpg

Andrey Zaliznyak

Linguistics [1]
1998

Oleg Gazenko

Biology [1]

Andre Gonchar

Mathematics [1]

Valentin Sedov

History [1]

Nikolay Yushkin

Earth sciences [1]
1999 Zhores Alferov.jpg

Zhores Alferov

Physics [1]

Nikolay Dobretsov

Earth sciences [1]

Vladimir Tartakovsky

Chemistry [1]
2000

Victor Maslov

Mathematics [1]

Nikolay Semikhatov

Mechanics [1]
Rem Petrov and Vladimir Putin, June 2012.jpg

Rem Petrov

Earth sciences [1]
TIZaslavskaya.jpg

Tatyana Zaslavskaya

Economics and sociology [1]
2001 Aleksandr Prokhorov.jpg

Aleksandr Prokhorov

Physics [1]
KABANOV.jpg

Viktor Kabanov

Chemistry [1]

Igor Gramberg

Earth sciences [1]
2002 Ludvig Faddejev.jpg

Ludvig Faddeev

Mathematics [1]

Viktor Savelyev

Medicine [1]

Vladimir Kudryavtsev

Law [1]
RIAN archive 731124 Yevgeny Tyazhelnikov awarding Gennady Mesyats.jpg

Gennady Mesyats

Physics [1]
2003

Boris Litvinov

Physics [1]

Irina Beletskaya

Chemistry [1]

Oleg Bogatikov

Earth sciences [1]
2004 Marchuk GI.JPG

Gury Marchuk

Mathematics [1]

Vladimir Bolshakov

Biology [1]

Anatoly Derevyanko

History and archeology [1]
2005

Oleg Krokhin

Physics [1]

Nikolay Lyakishev

Physicochemistry [1]

Aleksey Kontorovich

Earth sciences [1]
2006

Timur Eneev

Mathematics [1]

Veniamin Alekseyev

History [1]

Vladimir Kulakov

Medicine [1]
2007

Boris Kovalchuk

Physics [1]

Oleg Chupakhin

Chemistry [1]

Mikhail Kuzmin

Earth science [1]
2008

Evgeny Mischenko

Mathematics [1]

Anatoly Grigoriev

Medicine [1]

Valery Makarov

Economics [1]
2009

Yuri Kagan

Physics [1]

Dmitry Rundkvist

Earth science [1]

Yuri Tretyakov

Chemistry [1]

Alexey Olovnikov

Biology [1]
2010 OsipovRAN.jpeg

Yury Osipov

Mathematics [1]

Gennady Sakovich

Chemistry [1]
Alekseeva, Fedotov, Alekseev.jpeg

Sergei Alekseev

Humanities [1]
2011

Alexander Andreev

Physics [1]

Yuriy Zhuravlyov

Biology [1]
Котляков.jpg

Vladimir Kotlyakov

Earth science [1]
2012

Yevgeny Primakov

Social science [2]

Ilya Moiseev

Chemistry [2]

Eugeny Avrorin

Physics [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv "Лауреаты Демидовской премии" (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Евгению Примакову вручили Демидовскую премию" (in Russian). 7 November 2012. 
Bibliography
  • (in Russian) N. A. Mezenin: Лауреаты Демидовских премий Петербургской Академии наук. Л., Наука, 1987.
  • (in Russian) Yuri Alexandrovich Sokolov, Zoya Antonovna Bessudnova, L. T. Prizhdetskaya: Отечественные действительные и почетные члены Российской академии наук 18-20 вв. Геология и горные науки.- М.: Научный мир, 2000.

External links[edit]