Democratic Alliance (Italy)
Former Italian National Party
|Succeeded by||Democratic Union|
|National affiliation||Alliance of Progressives (1994)
The Olive Tree (1996)
|Politics of Italy
The Democratic Alliance (Italian: Alleanza Democratica, AD) was a social-liberal political party in Italy founded in 1992, with the intent of becoming the container of an alliance of centre-left forces. However, the project did not succeed, and it presented itself as a minor party. The AD was mainly composed of former Republicans and former Socialists. Its leader and founder was Willer Bordon. He resigned from the party in June 1990 following the defeat in the 1994 general election.
AD was aimed at reforming the centre-left, uniting in a single bloc both the centrists of the Segni Pact and the post-communist Democratic Party of the Left, and transforming it in an "Italian Democratic Party", modelled on the Democratic Party of the United States. The party took very liberal stances on the economy, proposed a shake-up of the Italian political system and was very critical to the perceived statism of the Italian left.
After an unremarkable result (1.2%) at the 1994 general election, due to the uneasy alliance with the left-wing Alliance of Progressives instead of with Silvio Berlusconi, who had embraced most of AD's policies, its members entered the left-wing and later centre-left coalitions, with the notable exceptions of Ferdinando Adornato, currently member of Union of the Centre, and Giulio Tremonti, previously a member of Berlusconi's The People of Freedom. However, Tremonti switched to the Segni Pact in 1994 and Adornato left politics in 1996, before joining Forza Italia.
In 1996 the party was an early minor member of The Olive Tree coalition, and evolved into the Democratic Union with the entry of other Republicans such as Antonio Maccanico, and some Socialists including Giorgio Benvenuto.
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