Democratic Alliance (Italy)

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Democratic Alliance
Alleanza Democratica
Founded 1992
Dissolved 1996
Ideology Social liberalism
National affiliation Alliance of Progressives
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Democratic Alliance (Alleanza Democratica, AD) was a social-liberal[1] political party in Italy founded in 1992,[2] with the intent of becoming the container of an alliance of centre-left forces. However, the project did not succeed, and it presented itself as a minor party, mainly composed of former Republicans and former Communists. Its leader and founder was Willer Bordon.[2] He resigned from the party in June 1990 following the defeat in the 1994 general election.[3]

AD was aimed at reforming the centre-left, uniting in a single bloc both the centrists of the Patto Segni and the post-communist Democratic Party of the Left, and transforming it in an "Italian Democratic Party", modelled on the Democratic Party of the United States. The party took very liberal stances on the economy, proposed a shake-up of the Italian political system and was very critical to the perceived statism of the Italian left.

After an unremarkable result (1.2%) at the 1994 general election, due to the uneasy alliance with the left-wing Alliance of Progressives instead of with Silvio Berlusconi, who had embraced most of AD's policies, its members entered the left-wing and later centre-left coalitions, with the notable exceptions of Ferdinando Adornato, both currently member of Union of the Centre, and Giulio Tremonti, both currently member of Berlusconi's The People of Freedom. However, Tremonti switched to the Patto Segni in 1994 and Adornato left politics in 1996, before joining Forza Italia.

In 1996 the party evolved into the Democratic Union with the entry of other Republicans such as Antonio Maccanico, and some Socialists including Giorgio Benvenuto.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 396–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. 
  2. ^ a b "Italian Greens Lose Environment Ministry". Environment News Service (Rome). 2 May 2000. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Richard L. Wentworth (15 June 1994). "Italy's Left Crumbles After European Voting". The Christian Science Monitor (Rome). Retrieved 30 November 2013.