Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia

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Temporary Government of the
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Flag of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.svg
Josip Broz Tito Bihać 1942.jpg
Date formed 7 March 1945
Date dissolved 11 November 1945
People and organizations
Head of government Josip Broz Tito
Head of state Peter II
Status in legislature Coalition
History
Previous Yugoslav government-in-exile
National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia
Successor Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The Temporary Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Privremena vlada Demokratske Federativne Jugoslavije / Привремена влада Демократске Федеративне Југославије) was the state's temporary national government formed through the merger of the Yugoslav government-in-exile and the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ). It existed from 7 March to 11 November 1945. It then became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992.

History[edit]

"At the moment these are our efforts are focused in one direction, and that is:

  1. to bring together all patriotic and honorable individuals to our fight against the invaders was as successful as possible,
  2. build the nations Yugoslav brotherhood and unity that did not exist before the war and for whose absence brought our country to disaster
  3. provide conditions for the organization of a state in which all the nations feel happy, and it is truly a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia."

Emergence[edit]

Before the temporary government was formed, there were several meetings between Tito and Ivan Šubašić, the pre-war Ban of Croatia and Prime Minister of Yugoslavia in London during the Second World War.

The international situation has affected Tito to enter politics and compromise to replace radicalism, the pressure of Great Britain and its international protector USSR, "real politics" and to adopt a memorandum of the British government, which was transmitted to him by Winston Churchill of August 1944. To the country will not impose communism, to keep the Communist Party in the conspiracy, and to express the communist program through the National Front of Yugoslavia.

After the Treaty of Vis or the Tito–Šubašić Agreement, Tito and Šubašić met in Vršac on 20 October 1944. Tito's stay in the Soviet Union during the Moscow Conference between Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill opened the door for other agreements between representatives of the National Committee and the Royal Government. The agreement was concluded on 1 November 1944 in Belgrade and is known as the Belgrade Agreement.

To new contacts occurred in December 1944, when the amendment was made to the Belgrade Agreement, certain guarantees for the political parties, and the ratification of legislation AVNOJ by the future Constituent Assembly. The Belgrade Agreement has been dissatisfied with King Peter II, whose function under the agreement of Tito–Šubašić in 1944. A Regency Council performed by a panel composed of three members.

However after the Yalta Conference on 16 February in 1945, Ivan Šubašić's government arrived in Belgrade. After much negotiation and persuasion, King Peter II finally agreed to power transition. Under the agreement, three days later, the royal government and the NKOJ resigned. The new government was formed on 7 March 1945, and on 9 March adopted a Declaration. That night Tito read it in a broadcast over Radio Belgrade.

Abdication of King Peter II[edit]

Acting as Head of state on 7 March 1945, King Peter II created his Regency Council to which he appointed constitutional lawyers Srđan Budisavljević, Ante Mandić and Dušan Sernec. In doing so, the King empowered his Council to form a common temporary government with the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ) and accept Josip Broz Tito's nomination as Prime Minister of the first normal government of post-war Yugoslavia. As authorized by the King, the Council has thus accepted the Tito's nomination on 29 November 1945, when FNRJ or Second Yugoslavia was officially declared. By this unconditional transfer of powers, Peter II has abdicated to Tito.[1] This date, when the second Yugoslavia was born under international law, had since been marked as Yugoslavia's national holiday Day of the Republic, however following the communists' switch to totalitarianism, this holiday officially marked the 1943 Session of AVNOJ that coincidentally fell on the same day of the year.[2]

Milan Grol the Deputy Prime Minister resigned on 8 August 1945, on the grounds that the new government did not respect the principle of democracy and freedom of speech. After the "burning house" editorial of Democracy was published in the towns of Yugoslavia, there was a disagreement between Šubašić and a representative of the Unitary National Liberation Front. On the same day, Juraj Šutej, Minister without portfolio, resigned. Ivan Šubašić, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, resigned on 8 October 1945, saying there was no free democratic government but a communist dictatorship in the country.

Members of the cabinet[edit]

Minister Portfolio Lifespan Party Notes
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito Prime Minister,
Minister of Defence
Unitary National Liberation Front
Milan Grol Milan Grol Democratic Party
Edvard Kardelj Edvard Kardelj Unitary National Liberation Front
Ivan Šubašić Ivan Šubašić Croatian Peasant Party Previously head of the government-in-exile.
Josip Smodlaka Josip Smodlaka Unitary National Liberation Front
Juraj Šutej Juraj Šutej
Sreten Žujović Sreten Žujović Unitary National Liberation Front
Drago Marušič Drago Marušič Unitary National Liberation Front
Frane Frol Frane Frol Unitary National Liberation Front
Vlada Zečević Vlada Zečević Unitary National Liberation Front
Todor Vujasinović Todor Vujasinović Unitary National Liberation Front
Andrija Hebrang Andrija Hebrang Unitary National Liberation Front
Nikola Petrović Nikola Petrović Unitary National Liberation Front
Vladislav Ribnikar Vladislav Ribnikar Unitary National Liberation Front
Sava Kosanović Sava Kosanović
Zlatan Sremec Zlatan Sremec
Bane Andrejev Bane Andrejev Unitary National Liberation Front
Vaso Čubrilović Vaso Čubrilović Unitary National Liberation Front
Sulejman Filipović Sulejman Filipović Unitary National Liberation Front
Anton Kržišnik Anton Kržišnik Unitary National Liberation Front
Sreten Vukosavljević Sreten Vukosavljević Unitary National Liberation Front
Rade Pribićević Rade Pribićević Unitary National Liberation Front
Jaša Prodanović Jaša Prodanović Minister for Serbia Unitary National Liberation Front
Pavle Gregorić Pavle Gregorić Minister for Croatia Unitary National Liberation Front
Rodoljub Čolaković Rodoljub Čolaković Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina Unitary National Liberation Front
Milovan Đilas Milovan Đilas Minister for Montenegro Unitary National Liberation Front
Emanuel Čučkov Emanuel Čučkov Minister for Macedonia Unitary National Liberation Front
Edvard Kocbek Edvard Kocbek Minister for Slovenia Unitary National Liberation Front
Name[3] Portfolio Party Note
Josip Broz Tito Prime Minister, Minister of Defence Unitary National Liberation Front
Milan Grol Deputy Prime Minister Democratic Party Resigned on 18 August 1945
Edvard Kardelj Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Constituent Unitary National Liberation Front
Ivan Šubašić Minister of Foreign Affairs Croatian Peasant Party Resigned on 8 October 1945
Josip Smodlaka Minister without Portfolio Unitary National Liberation Front
Juraj Šutej Minister without Portfolio Resigned on 18 August 1945
Sreten Žujović Minister of Finances Unitary National Liberation Front
Drago Marušić Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone
Frane Frol Minister of Justice Unitary National Liberation Front
Vlada Zečević Minister of Internal Affairs Unitary National Liberation Front
Todor Vujasinović Minister of Transport Unitary National Liberation Front
Andrija Hebrang Minister of Industry Unitary National Liberation Front
Nikola Petrović Minister of Trade and Supply Unitary National Liberation Front
Vladislav S. Ribnikar Minister of Education Unitary National Liberation Front
Sava Kosanović Minister of Information
Zlatan Sremec Minister of Public Health
Bane Andrejev Minister of Mining Unitary National Liberation Front
Vaso Čubrilović Minister of Agriculture Unitary National Liberation Front
Sulejman Filipović Minister of Forestry Unitary National Liberation Front
Anton Kržišnik Minister of Social Affairs Unitary National Liberation Front
Sreten Vukosavljević Minister of Colonization Unitary National Liberation Front
Rade Pribićević Minister of Construction Unitary National Liberation Front
Edvard Kocbek Minister for Slovenia Unitary National Liberation Front
Jaša Prodanović Minister for Serbia Unitary National Liberation Front
Rodoljub Čolaković Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina Unitary National Liberation Front
Milovan Đilas Minister for Montenegro Unitary National Liberation Front
Emanuel Čučkov Minister for Macedonia Unitary National Liberation Front
Pavle Gregorić Minister for Croatia Unitary National Liberation Front

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Charles D. Pettibone (2014) The organization and order of battle of militaries in World War II, Trafford Publishing, Bloomington, Indiana SAD, p.393.
  2. ^ "29 November, Yugoslavia: Day of the Republic", Faculty of Humanities Research Projects page, University of Oslo, Norway. Publication date: 24 August, 2008.
  3. ^ Petranović, p. 353

References[edit]

  • Petranović, Branko (1981). Istorija Jugoslavije 1918–1978 (in Serbo-Croatian) (2 ed.). Belgrade: Nolit. 
  • Šepić, Dragovan (1983). Vlada Ivana Šubašića (in Serbo-Croatian). Zagreb: Globus. Retrieved 25 November 2013.