Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
|Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia|
|Date formed||7 March 1945|
|Date dissolved||11 November 1945|
|People and organizations|
|Head of government||Josip Broz Tito|
|Head of state||Peter II|
|Status in legislature||Coalition|
The Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was the state's temporary national government formed through the merger of the Yugoslav government-in-exile and the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia. It existed from 7 March to 11 November 1945.
At the moment these are our efforts are focused in one direction, and that is:
- to bring together all patriotic and honorable individuals to our fight against the invaders was as successful as possible,
- build the nations Yugoslav brotherhood and unity that did not exist before the war and for whose absence brought our country to disaster
- provide conditions for the organization of a state in which all the nations feel happy, and it is truly a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Before the provisional government was formed, there were several meetings between Tito and Ivan Šubašić, the pre-war Ban of Croatia and Prime Minister of Yugoslavia in London during the Second World War.
The international situation has affected Tito to enter politics and compromise to replace radicalism, the pressure of Great Britain and its international protector USSR, "real politics" and to adopt a memorandum of the British government, which was transmitted to him by Winston Churchill of August 1944. To the country will not impose communism, to keep the Communist Party in the conspiracy and to express the communist program through the National Front of Yugoslavia.
After the Treaty of Vis or the Tito–Šubašić Agreement, a new meeting Tito and Šubašić came in Vršac on 20 October 1944. Tito's stay in the Soviet Union while the Moscow Conference between Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill opened the door for other agreements between representatives of the National Committee and the Royal Government. The agreement was concluded on 1 November 1944. in Belgrade and is known as the Belgrade Agreement.
To new contacts occurred in December 1944. when the amendment was made to the Belgrade Agreement, certain guarantees for the political parties and the ratification of legislation AVNOJ by the future Constituent Assembly. The Belgrade Agreement has been dissatisfied with King Peter II, whose function under the agreement of Tito–Šubašić in 1944. A Regency Council performed by a panel composed of three members.
However after the Yalta Conference on 16 February in 1945. Ivan Šubašić's government arrived in Belgrade. After much negotiation and persuasion, King Peter II finally appointed regents Srdjan Budisavljevic Ante Mandic and Dusan Serneca on 2 March 1945. Under the agreement, three days later, there was the resignation of the royal government and the NKOJ.
The new government was made on 7 March 1945, and on the 9 March adopted a Declaration, which was the same night Tito read over Radio Belgrade.
Milan Grol the Deputy Prime Minister resigned on the 8th August 1945, on the grounds that it does not respect the principle of democracy and freedom of speech. After the burning house editorial of Democracy around the towns of Yugoslavia, there was a disagreement between Šubašić and a representative Unitary National Liberation Front. On the same day, Juraj Šutej, Minister without portfolio resigned.
Ivan Šubašić the Minister of Foreign Affairs resigned on the 8th October 1945, under the pretext that there is no free democratic government words and communist dictatorship in the country.
The provisional government formally left without representatives Šubašić government and existed until the 11th November in 1945. time of the elections for the Constituent Assembly .
Members of the cabinet
|Josip Broz Tito||Prime Minister, Minister of Defence||NKOJ|
|Milan Grol||Deputy Prime Minister||Royal Government||Resigned on 18 August 1945|
|Edvard Kardelj||Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Constituent||NKOJ|
|Ivan Šubašić||Minister of Foreign Affairs||Royal Government||Resigned on 8 October 1945|
|Josip Smodlaka||Minister without Portfolio||NKOJ|
|Juraj Šutej||Minister without Portfolio||Royal Government||Resigned on 18 August 1945|
|Sreten Žujović||Minister of Finances||NKOJ|
|Drago Marušić||Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone||Royal Government|
|Frane Frol||Minister of Justice||NKOJ|
|Vlada Zečević||Minister of Internal Affairs||NKOJ|
|Todor Vujasinović||Minister of Transport||NKOJ|
|Andrija Hebrang||Minister of Industry||NKOJ|
|Nikola Petrović||Minister of Trade and Supply||NKOJ|
|Vladislav S. Ribnikar||Minister of Education||NKOJ|
|Sava Kosanović||Minister of Information||Royal Government|
|Zlatan Sremec||Minister of Public Health||Royal Government|
|Bane Andrejev||Minister of Mining||NKOJ|
|Vaso Čubrilović||Minister of Agriculture||NKOJ|
|Sulejman Filipović||Minister of Forestry||NKOJ|
|Anton Kržišnik||Minister of Social Affairs||NKOJ|
|Sreten Vukosavljević||Minister of Colonization||NKOJ|
|Rade Pribićević||Minister of Construction||NKOJ|
|Edvard Kocbek||Minister for Slovenia||NKOJ|
|Jaša Prodanović||Minister for Serbia||NKOJ|
|Rodoljub Čolaković||Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina||NKOJ|
|Milovan Đilas||Minister for Montenegro||NKOJ|
|Emanuel Čučkov||Minister for Macedonia||NKOJ|
|Pavle Gregorić||Minister for Croatia||NKOJ|
- Petranović, p. 353
- Petranović, Branko (1981). Istorija Jugoslavije 1918–1978 (in Serbo-Croatian) (2 ed.). Belgrade: Nolit.
- Šepić, Dragovan (1983). Vlada Ivana Šubašića (in Serbo-Croatian). Zagreb: Globus. Retrieved 25 November 2013.