Democratic Justice Party

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Not to be confused with Justice Party (South Korea).
Democratic Justice Party
민주정의당
Minju Jeonguidang
Founder Chun Doo-hwan
Founded 1 September 1980
Dissolved 22 January 1990
Preceded by Democratic Republican Party
Merged into Democratic Liberal Party
Headquarters Seoul, South Korea
Ideology Conservatism,[1]
Anti-communism,[2]
Korean nationalism,[3]
Neoliberalism,[4]
Social justice[5]
Political position Right-wing[6]
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Colours Blue and red
Politics of South Korea
Political parties
Elections
Democratic Justice Party
Hangul 민주정의당
Hanja 民主正義黨
Revised Romanization Minju Jeong-uidang
McCune–Reischauer Minju Chŏng-ŭitang

The Democratic Justice Party (DJP) was the ruling party of South Korea from 1980 to 1998. It was formed in 1980 as the Democratic Republican Party and was the political vehicle for Chun Doo-hwan.

When 1979, Park Chung-hee's assassination, Chun Doo-hwan of the party created it the 'Democratic Justice Party' in 1980. Even though a less authoritarian constitution was enacted that year, the political system was rigged heavily in favor of the DJP. The situation changed in 1987, when DJP presidential candidate Roh Tae Woo promised that year's election would be free and democratic. In 1990, the DJP merged with Kim Young Sam's Reunification Democratic Party and Kim Jong-pil's New Democratic Republican Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.

Election results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Candidate Total votes Share of votes Outcome Party Name
1981 Chun Doo-hwan 4,755 (electoral vote) 90.2%' Elected Green tickY Democratic Justice Party
1987 Roh Tae-woo 8,282,738 36.6% Elected Green tickY Democratic Justice Party

Legislative elections[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader Party Name
1981
151 / 276
5,776,624 35.6% Increase83 seats; Majority Chun Doo-hwan Democratic Justice Party
1985
148 / 276
7,040,811 34.0% Decrease3 seats; Majority Chun Doo-hwan Democratic Justice Party
1988
125 / 299
6,675,494 34.0% Decrease23 seats; Minority Roh Tae-woo Democratic Justice Party


References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Byung-kook (2008), "Defeat in victory, victory in defeat: the Korean conservatives in democratic consolidation", Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to lose (Routledge): 170 
  2. ^ Kim, Byung-kook (2008), "Defeat in victory, victory in defeat: the Korean conservatives in democratic consolidation", Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to lose (Routledge): 170 
  3. ^ Kim, Byung-kook (2008), "Defeat in victory, victory in defeat: the Korean conservatives in democratic consolidation", Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to lose (Routledge): 170 
  4. ^ Kim, Byung-kook (2008), "Defeat in victory, victory in defeat: the Korean conservatives in democratic consolidation", Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to lose (Routledge): 170 
  5. ^ Kim, Byung-kook (2008), "Defeat in victory, victory in defeat: the Korean conservatives in democratic consolidation", Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to lose (Routledge): 170 
  6. ^ Kim, Youngmi (2011), The Politics of Coalition in Korea: Between institutions and culture, Routledge, p. 36