Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey)

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Peoples' Democratic Party
Leader Selahattin Demirtaş
Figen Yüksekdağ (co-chair)
Founded 15 October 2012
Headquarters Adakale Sok. 23/3 Kızılay Çankaya, Ankara
Ideology Secularism[citation needed]
Democratic socialism[1]
Minority rights[2]
Direct democracy
LGBT rights
Political position Left-wing[5]
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Website (Turkish)
Politics of Turkey
Political parties

Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkish: Halkların Demokratik Partisi (HDP), Kurdish: Partiya Demokratika Gelan) is a pro-minority rights and feminist left political party in Turkey, acting as the fraternal party to pro-Kurdish Democratic Regions Party (DBP). HDP is also known to the Turkish public with its strong support for LGBT rights and has introduced a 10% quota for LGBT individuals in its electoral lists; the party also enforces its strong pro-gender equality stance with a similar 50% quota for women.[6][2]


Peoples' Democratic Party's founders are some left-wing affiliates of the Peace and Democracy Party and also the Peoples' Democratic Congress (Halkların Demokratik Kongresi), a platform composed of various groups including left wing parties Revolutionary Socialist Workers' Party, Labour Party, Socialist Party of the Oppressed, Socialist Democracy Party, Socialist Party of Refoundation, and the Greens and the Left Party of the Future, some far-left factions, feminist groups, LGBT groups, trade unions, and ethnic initiatives representing Alevis, Armenians, and Pomaks.[7]

Three outstanding parliamentarians of the Peace and Democracy Party, Sebahat Tuncel, Sırrı Süreyya Önder, and Ertuğrul Kürkçü abdicated in October 2013 to join this new party, which was established on 15 October 2012. Levent Tüzel, former Labour Party chairman and independent member of parliament also joined the three to form a caucus.[8]

At the 2014 municipal elections, HDP ran parallel to BDP, with the BDP running in Turkey's Kurdish-dominated southeast while the HDP competed in the rest of the country[2] except Mersin Province and Konya Province where BDP launched its own candidates.[9]

After the local elections, the two parties were re-organised in a joint structure. On 28 April 2014, the entire parliamentary caucus of BDP joined HDP, whereas BDP was assigned exclusively to representatives on the local administration level.[10][11]


  1. ^ Program | Halkların Demokratik Kongresi
  2. ^ a b c d Cengiz, Orhan Kemal; Sibel Utku Bila (translator) (31 October 2013). "New Kurdish Party Could Impact Local Turkish Elections". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Parti Programı | Halkların Demokratik Partisi
  4. ^ Program | Halkların Demokratik Kongresi
  5. ^ Tattersall, Nick; Coskun, Orhan (8 August 2014). "Erdogan poised to win Turkey's first popular presidential vote". Reuters. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  6. ^ HDP Bileşenlerinden Eleştirilere Yanıt
  7. ^ HDK Bileşeni Kurumlar
  8. ^ Radikal from 23. October 2013
  9. ^ ADAYLARIMIZ, BDP official website
  10. ^ "BDP milletvekilleri HDP'ye katıldı". Al-Monitor. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  11. ^ BDP artık Meclis'te yok