Demographics of Alberta

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Alberta's population growth, 1901 to 2006

Alberta has experienced a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its economy. Between 2003 and 2004, the province saw high birthrates (on par with some larger provinces such as British Columbia), relatively high immigration, and a high rate of interprovincial migration when compared to other provinces.[1] Approximately 81% of the population live in urban areas and only about 19% live in rural areas. The Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is the most urbanized area in Alberta and is one of Canada's four most urban regions.[2] Many of Alberta's cities and towns have also experienced high rates of growth in recent history. From a population of 73,022 in 1901, Alberta has grown to 3,645,257 in 2011 and in the process has gone from less than 1.5% of Canada's population to 10.9%.[3]

Population history[edit]

Year Population [4] Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Percentage of
Canadian Pop.
Rank Among
Provinces
1901 73,022 n/a n/a 1.4 9
1911 374,295 n/a 412.6 5.2 7
1921 588,454 n/a 57.2 6.7 5
1931 731,605 n/a 24.3 7.0 4
1941 796,169 n/a 8.8 6.9 5
1951 939,501 n/a 18.0 6.7 4
1956 1,123,116 19.5 n/a n/a 4
1961 1,331,944 18.6 41.8 7.3 4
1966 1,463,203 9.9 30.3 n/a 4
1971 1,627,875 11.3 22.2 7.5 4
1976 1,838,035 12.9 25.6 n/a 4
1981 2,237,724 21.7 37.5 9.2 4
1986 2,365,830 5.7 28.7 9.3 4
1991 2,545,553 7.6 13.8 9.3 4
1996 2,696,826 5.9 14.0 9.3 4
2001 2,974,807 10.3 16.9 9.9 4
2006 3,290,350 10.6 22.0 10.4 4
2011 3,645,257 10.8 22.5 10.9 4

Population geography[edit]

Alberta's census divisions by population

Census divisions[edit]

Census metropolitan areas[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Alberta had two census metropolitan areas (CMAs) recognized by Statistics Canada. The following is a list of the recent population history of the Calgary and Edmonton CMAs.

CMA name [5] 2011 [5] 2006 [6] 2001 [7] 1996 [8] Census division
Calgary 1,214,839 1,079,310 951,395 [CMA 1] 821,628 Division No. 6
Edmonton 1,159,869 1,034,945 937,845 862,597 Division No. 11

CMA notes:

  1. ^ In the 2006 census, the 2001 population of the Calgary was adjusted to 951,494 due to a boundary expansion.

Census agglomerations[edit]

Census subdivisions[edit]

Population growth of Alberta's census subdivisions between 2006 and 2011 censuses

As of the 2006 census, Alberta had 453 census subdivisions (municipalities and municipal equivalents) recognized by Statistics Canada. The following is a list of those census subdivisions with a population of 10,000 or greater.

Population centres[edit]

Designated places[edit]

Ethnicity[edit]

[4]

English 885,825 27.2%
German 679,705 20.9%
Canadian 667,405 20.5%
Scottish 661,265 20.3%
Irish 539,160 16.6%
French 332,675 11.31%
Ukrainian 332,180 10.2%
Dutch (Netherlands) 172,910 5.3%
Polish 170,935 5.2%
First Nations 169,355 5.2%
Norwegian 144,585 4.4%
Chinese 137,600 4.2%
Swedish 93,810 2.9%
Russian 92,020 2.8%
Indian (South Asian) 88,165 2.7%
Métis 83,235 2.6%
Italian 82,015 2.5%
Welsh 76,115 2.3%

The ethnicities most commonly reported in the 2006 Census are shown in the table on the left. The percentages add up to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "Irish-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "Irish" and the category "Canadian". In addition to the groups listed on the left, the next most commonly reported (counting both single and multiple responses) were 64,200 American (USA); 58,825 Danish; 54,305 Filipino; 53,855 British n.i.e.; 48,655 Hungarian (Magyar); 36,480 Austrian; 30,995 Spanish; 26,870 Romanian; 25,170 Vietnamese; 22,185 Swiss; 20,460 Lebanese; 19,670 Belgian; 19,660 Czech; 17,595 Portuguese; 16,870 Icelandic; 15,670 Finnish; 14,755 Jewish; 13,465 Japanese; and 12,380 Korean.[13]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 2,613,795 80.3%
Visible minority group
Source:[14]
South Asian 103,885 3.2%
Chinese 120,270 3.7%
Black 47,075 1.4%
Filipino 51,090 1.6%
Latin American 27,265 0.8%
Arab 26,185 0.8%
Southeast Asian 28,610 0.9%
West Asian 9,650 0.3%
Korean 12,045 0.4%
Japanese 11,025 0.3%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 3,845 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 13,250 0.4%
Total visible minority population 454,200 13.9%
Aboriginal group
Source:[15]
First Nations 97,275 3%
Métis 85,495 2.6%
Inuit 1,610 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 2,765 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 1,220 0%
Total Aboriginal population 188,365 5.8%
Total population 3,256,360 100%

Languages[edit]

The 2006 census showed a population of 3,290,350. Of the 3,221,420 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue, the languages most commonly reported were:

2006 % 2001 %
1. English 2,576,670 79.99% 2,379,515 81.84%
2. Chinese languages 97,275 3.02% 78,205 2.69%
Cantonese 32,485 1.01% 26,255 0.90%
Mandarin 12,135 0.38% 5,580 0.19%
Hakka 425 0.01% 570 0.02%
Fukien 385 0.01% N N
Taiwanese 330 0.01% N N
3. German 84,505 2.62% 78,040 2.68%
4. French 61,225 1.90% 58,645 2.02%
5. Panjabi (Punjabi) 36,320 1.13% 22,535 0.78%
6. Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 29,740 0.92% 11,705 0.40%
7. Ukrainian 29,455 0.91% 33,970 1.17%
8. Spanish 29,125 0.90% 19,820 0.68%
9. Polish 21,990 0.68% 20,635 0.71%
10. Algonquian languages 20,890 0.65% 18,470 0.64%
Cree 17,215 0.53% 15,105 0.52%
Blackfoot 3,015 0.09% 2,630 0.09%
Ojibway 615 0.02% 645 0.02%
11. Arabic 20,495 0.64% 15,390 0.53%
12. Dutch 19,980 0.62% 19,575 0.67%
13. Vietnamese 19,350 0.60% 16,680 0.57%
14. Italian 13,095 0.41% 13,935 0.48%
15. Urdu 11,275 0.35% 4,910 0.17%
16. Korean 10,845 0.33% 6,330 0.22%
17. Serbo-Croatian (all) 10,235 0.32% 9,500 0.33%
Croatian 4,150 0.13% 4,195 0.14%
Serbian 3,090 0.10% 2,125 0.07%
Bosnian 1,745 0.05% N N
Serbo-Croatian 1,250 0.04% 3,180 0.11%
18. Hindi 8,985 0.28% 6,315 0.22%
19. Persian 7,700 0.24% 3,700 0.13%
20. Portuguese 7,205 0.22% 6,110 0.21%
21. Hungarian 6,770 0.21% 6,985 0.24%
22. Gujarati 6,280 0.19% 4,910 0.17%
23. Scandinavian languages 6,045 0.19% 6,795 0.23%
Danish 3,510 0.11% 3,615 0.12%
Norwegian 1,245 0.04% 1,670 0.06%
Swedish 1,145 0.04% 1,345 0.05%
24. Japanese 4,555 0.14% 3,625 0.12%
25. Romanian 4,370 0.14% 2,890 0.10%
26. Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 3,790 0.12% 2,775 0.10%
27. Greek 3,305 0.10% 2,765 0.10%
28. Somali 3,130 0.10% 810 0.03%
29. Czech 3,100 0.08% 3,520 0.12%
30. Amharic 2,785 0.09% 1,100 0.04%
31. Bengali 2,710 0.08% 1,190 0.04%
32. African languages n.i.e. 2,525 0.08% 930 0.03%
33. Slovak 2,430 0.08% 1,605 0.06%
34. Bantu languages 2,170 0.07% 795 0.03%
Swahili 850 0.03% 380 0.01%
35. Germanic languages n.i.e. 2,085 0.06% 1,210 0.04%
36. Sindhi 2,000 0.06% 1,990 0.07%
37. Athapaskan languages 1,970 0.06% 2,110 0.07%
Dene 1,585 0.05% 1,495 0.05%
39. Ilocano 1,885 0.06% N N
40. Khmer (Cambodian) 1,740 0.05% 1,450 0.05%
41. Turkish 1,605 0.05% 810 0.03%
42. Malayalam 1,550 0.05% 1,055 0.04%
43. Tamil 1,385 0.04% 1,110 0.04%
44= Bisayan languages 1,370 0.04% N N
44= Indo-Iranian languages n.i.e. 1,370 0.04% 700 0.02%
46. Finnish 1,265 0.04% 1,240 0.04%
47. Pashto 1,175 0.04% 275 0.01%
48. Tigrigna 1,170 0.04% 800 0.03%
49. Lao 1,035 0.03% 1,035 0.04%
50. Bulgarian 1,020 0.03% 400 0.01%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also about 915 responses for Slovenian; 850 for Creole; 845 for Niger–Congo languages n.i.e.; 830 for Malay and Sinhala (Sinhalese); 770 for Hebrew; 745 for Kurdish; 735 for Slavic languages n.i.e.; 710 for Sign languages; 640 for Thai; 585 for Malayo-Polynesian languages n.i.e.; 550 for Telugu; 530 for Twi; 525 for Oromo; 495 for Marathi; 465 for Frisian; 420 for Celtic languages; 415 for Semitic languages n.i.e.; 400 for Lithuanian; 370 for Kannada; 360 for Latvian; and 345 for Flemish and Sino-Tibetan languages n.i.e.. (Mother tongues of more than 329 persons are listed.)[16]

In addition to the single-language responses detailed above, about 34,935 people reported having more than one mother tongue. There were 27,725 responses of both English and a non-official language; 1,325 of both French and a non-official language; 5,405 of both English and French; and 480 of English, French and a non-official language. About 3,705 people reported having Tagalog as a dual mother tongue; while 3,140 people reported having German; 1,350 reported having a Chinese language; 1,935 reported Cree; 1,815 Ukrainian; 1,735 Arabic; 1,205 Panjabi; 855 Cantonese; 855 Urdu; 775 Italian; 760 Dutch; 715 Polish; 710 Vietnamese; 620 Gujarati; 550 Hindi; and 345 people reported having Portuguese as a dual mother tongue. (Dual mother tongues of more than 329 persons are listed.)[17]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 527,030 immigrants living in Alberta, 295,390 of whom arrived before 1991.
The most common countries of birth for immigrants living in Alberta were:[18]

1. United Kingdom 60,215
2. China 41,495
3. India 38,610
4. Philippines 36,630
5. United States 28,320
6. Vietnam 24,270
7. Germany 21,565
8. Poland 19,160
9. Hong Kong 17,455
10. Netherlands 16,715
11. Pakistan 12,095
12. Yugoslavia 11,675
13. Italy 8,705
14. South Korea 8,120
15. Lebanon 7,525
16. Mexico 5,970
17. El Salvador 5,475
18. Ukraine 5,435
19. Romania 5,165
20. South Africa 4,950

In addition to the countries listed in the table on the left there were also about 4,850 immigrants from Russia; and about 4,440 from Portugal; 4,345 from Chile; 4,080 from Hungary; 4,035 from Tanzania; 3,990 from Iran; 3,970 from Fiji; 3,760 from Jamaica; 3,655 from Ethiopia; 3,425 from Kenya; 3,395 from Sudan; approximately 3,300 from Afghanistan; 3,260 from Trinidad and Tobago; 3,215 from Malaysia; 3,200 from Denmark; and also 3,155 from Colombia; 2,645 from the Czech Republic; 2,475 from Ireland (Eire); 2,450 from Australia; and 2,420 from Guyana; 2,375 from Cambodia; 2,320 from Taiwan; 2,300 from Iraq; 2,265 from Japan; and 2,140 from Egypt; 2,120 from Somalia; 2,065 from France; 2,040 from Austria; 2,035 from Brunei Darussalam; 1,940 from Greece; 1,845 from Slovakia; 1,840 from Switzerland; 1,835 from Bangladesh; 1,740 from Nigeria; 1,600 from Sri Lanka; 1,545 from New Zealand and Uganda; 1,360 from Guatemala; 1,350 from Venezuela; 1,340 from Honduras; 1,300 from Indonesia; 1,245 from Turkey; 1,150 from Laos; 1,130 from Brazil; 1,120 from Thailand; 1,060 from Ghana; 1,040 from Singapore; 1,010 from Zimbabwe; 975 from Syria; 965 from Eritrea; 940 from Israel; 935 from Bulgaria; 920 from Belgium; 895 from Bolivia; 865 from Argentina; 810 from Peru; 785 from the Democratic Republic of the Congo; 755 from Kazakhstan; 745 from Finland; 720 from Belarus; 705 from Saudi Arabia; and 700 from Sweden. {Countries of birth for more than 658 persons (0.02%) are shown.}

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 469,095 people moved to Alberta from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 261,500 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net influx of 51,235 people from British Columbia, 42,180 people from Saskatchewan, 31,425 people from Ontario, 23,875 people from Manitoba, 18,820 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, 11,925 people from Nova Scotia, 11,720 people from Quebec, and 8,410 people from New Brunswick. During this period there was a net influx of 2,710 francophones from Quebec, 1,545 francophones from Ontario, 1,355 francophones from New Brunswick, 775 francophones from Saskatchewan, 575 francophones from Manitoba, 500 francophones from British Columbia, 340 francophones from Nova Scotia, and 5,585 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 5,000 persons and net official language minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[19][20]

Religion[edit]

Over 71 percent of Albertans identify as Christian, while almost 24 percent of residents identify with no religion. The largest denominations are the Roman Catholic, United, Anglican, Lutheran, and Baptist Churches.

Almost 2 percent of Albertans are Mormons descended from pioneers who emigrated from Utah around the turn of the 20th century; there are two temples in the province, with another scheduled to be built in Calgary. Alberta also has large numbers of Pentecostal, Presbyterians, and evangelical Christians.

There are significant numbers of Mennonites and Hutterites, which are communal Anabaptist sects. There are also many Jehovah's Witnesses and Reformed Christians, as well a significant population of Seventh-day Adventists in and around Lacombe where the Canadian University College is located.

Alberta is also home to several Eastern Rite Churches as part of the legacy of Eastern European immigrants, including the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton, and the Ukrainian Orthodox Diocese of Edmonton and Western Canada. There are 500 Doukhobors living in their few communities across Southern Alberta.

Many people of the Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim faiths also make Alberta their home; one of the largest Sikh temples in Canada is located just outside of Edmonton. Most of Alberta's 13,000-some Jews live in Calgary (7,500) and Edmonton (5,000).[21]

Religion Denomination Congregation Proportion
Protestant 1,145,455 38.95%
United Church 396,060 13.47%
Anglican Church 172,430 5.86%
Lutheran 142,530 4.85%
Baptist 73,640 2.50%
Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints
(Mormon)
50,580 1.72%
Pentecostal 42,610 1.45%
Presbyterian 29,200 0.99%
Christian and Missionary
Alliance
23,715 0.81%
Mennonite 22,785 0.77%
Jehovah’s Witnesses 18,830 0.64%
Evangelical Missionary Church 17,640 0.60%
Hutterite 12,325 0.42%
Christian Reformed Church 12,980 0.44%
Adventist 8,135 0.28%
Non-denominational 5,965 0.20%
Salvation Army 5,055 0.17%
Church of the Nazarene 4,385 0.15%
Evangelical Free Church 3,640 0.12%
Canadian and American
Reformed Churches
2,835 0.10%
Reformed 2,650 0.09%
Dutch Reformed 2,265 0.08%
Church of God 2,095 0.07%
Moravian 2,035 0.07%
Disciples of Christ 2,020 0.07%
Methodist 1,900 0.06%
Unitarian 1,500 0.05%
Brethren in Christ 990 0.03%
Congregational 760 0.03%
Catholic 784,855 26.69%
Roman Catholic 756,005 25.70%
Ukrainian Catholic 28,750 0.98%
Orthodox 45,985 1.56%
Greek Orthodox 21,880 0.74%
Ukrainian Orthodox 9,865 0.34%
Russian Orthodox 1,735 0.06%
Serbian Orthodox 960 0.03%
Other Christian 123,145 4.19%
Muslim 49,045 1.67%
Buddhist 33,415 1.14%
Sikh 23,470 0.80%
Hindu 15,970 0.54%
Jewish 11,090 0.38%
Other Eastern Religions 3,330 0.11%
Bahá'í 1,525 0.05%
Aboriginal spirituality 5,860 0.20%
Pagan 3,035 0.10%
No religious affiliation 694,840 23.62%
No religion 678,880 23.08%
Agnostic 2,475 0.08%
Atheist 2,380 0.08%


Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (2,941,150 in 2001)
Only groups of more than 0.025% are shown
[22]

See also[edit]

AB
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ StatCan - Alberta population
  2. ^ "2001 Census Analysis Series - A profile of the Canadian population : where we live". Statistics Canada. p. 6. Retrieved 2011-08-17. 
  3. ^ [1] - Statistics Canada
  4. ^ "Population, urban and rural, by province and territory (Alberta)". 2009-09-22. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2011-02-06. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  7. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  8. ^ A National Overview: Population and Dwelling Counts (1996 Census ed.). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. April 1997. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  9. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  10. ^ "2011 Municipal Codes". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2011-01-05. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  11. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  12. ^ "1996 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-04-26. 
  13. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/english/census06/data/highlights/ethnic/pages/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=PR&Code=48&Data=Count&Table=2&StartRec=1&Sort=3&Display=All&CSDFilter=5000
  14. ^ [2], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  15. ^ [3], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  16. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  17. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (148), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3) (2006 Census)
  18. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) (2006 Census)
  19. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  20. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)
  21. ^ AM Yisrael - The Jewish Communities of Canada
  22. ^ "Religion (95) and Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2011-12-29. Retrieved 2012-05-11.