Demographics of Antarctica
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Antarctica has no indigenous inhabitants, but there are permanently and seasonally staffed research stations, field camps, and former whaling settlements. The largest of these, McMurdo Station, has a population (summer) of about 1200 residents. Approximately 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, send personnel to perform seasonal (summer) and year-round research on the continent and in its surrounding oceans. The population of persons doing and supporting scientific research on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty) varies from approximately 4,000 in summer to 1,000 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research are present in the waters of the treaty region.
At least ten children have been born in West Antarctica. The first was Emilio Marcos Palma, born on January 7, 1978 to Argentine parents at Esperanza, Hope Bay, near the tip of the Antarctic peninsula. In 1984, Juan Pablo Camacho was born at the Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva Base, becoming the first Chilean born in Antarctica. Soon after, a girl, Gisella, was born at the same station. In 2001, National Geographic reported that eight children had been born at Esperanza alone.
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Antarctica has no spoken language of its own. The languages spoken there are the ones spoken by its visitors.
See also 
- Brazilian Antarctica
- Esperanza Base
- Villa Las Estrellas
- Argentine Antarctica
- List of research stations in Antarctica
- List of Antarctic field camps
- List of Antarctic expeditions
- McMurdo Station
- Colonization of Antarctica
- Religion in Antarctica
- Antarctica at the CIA World Factbook (includes section on the population of Antarctica).