Demographics of Arkansas
This article refers to the demographics of the U.S. state of Arkansas.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Arkansas was 2,959,373 on July 1, 2013, a 1.5% increase since the 2010 United States Census As of 2012, Arkansas had an estimated population of 2,949,131, which is an increase of 11,152, or 0.4%, from the prior year and an increase of 33,212, or 1.1%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 52,214 people (that is 198,800 births minus 146,586 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 57,611 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 21,947 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 35,664 people. It is estimated that about 48.8% is male, and 51.2% is female. From 2000 through 2006 Arkansas has had a population growth of 5.1% or 137,472. The population density of the state is 51.3 people per square mile.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Arkansas had a population of 2,915,918. The racial composition of the population was:
- 77.0% White American
- 15.4% Black or African American
- 0.8% American Indian and Alaska Native
- 1.2% Asian American
- 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
- 3.4% from Some Other Race
- 2.0% from Two or More Races.
6.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the ten largest ancestry groups in the state African American (15.5%), Irish (13.6%), German (12.5%), American (11.1%), English (10.3%), French (2.4%), Scotch-Irish (2.1%), Dutch (1.9%), Scottish (1.9%) and Italian (1.7%).
European Americans have a strong presence in the northwestern Ozarks and the central part of the state. African Americans live mainly in the southern and eastern parts of the state. Arkansans of Irish, English and German ancestry are mostly found in the far northwestern Ozarks near the Missouri border. Ancestors of the Irish in the Ozarks were chiefly Scotch-Irish, Protestants from Northern Ireland, the Scottish lowlands and northern England part of the largest group of immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland before the American Revolution. English and Scotch-Irish immigrants settled throughout the backcountry of the South and in the more mountainous areas. Americans of English stock are found throughout the state.
According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 93.8% of Arkansas' population (over the age of five) spoke only English at home. About 4.5% of the state's population spoke Spanish at home. About 0.7% of the state's population spoke any other Indo-European language. About 0.8% of the state's population spoke an Asian language, and 0.2% spoke other languages.
In 2006, Arkansas has a larger percentage of tobacco smokers than the national average, with 24.0% of adults smoking.
- Christian: 86.0%
- Non-religious: 14.0%
- Other religions: <1.0%
- Jewish: <1.0%
- Muslim: <1.0%
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2000 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 665,307; the United Methodist Church with 179,383; the Roman Catholic Church with 115,967; and the American Baptist Association with 115,916.
- Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" (CSV). 2013 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 30, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "Arkansas QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau".
- David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, New York: Oxford University Press, 1989, pp.633–639
- CDC's State System – State Comparison Report Cigarette Use (Adults) – BRFSS for 2006, lists the state as having 23.7% smokers. The national average is 20.8% according to Cigarette Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2006 article in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
- "American Religious Identification Survey, 2001". Gc.cuny.edu. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- "The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports". Thearda.com. Retrieved 2010-07-30.