Demographics of Armenia

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The demographics of Armenia is about the demographic features of the population of Armenia, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

Population of Armenia 1950-2010.
Data NSSRA [2] ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop.   ±%  
1831 161,747 —    
1873 496,140 +206.7%
1897 797,853 +60.8%
1926 878,929 +10.2%
1939 1,282,338 +45.9%
1959 1,763,048 +37.5%
1970 2,491,873 +41.3%
1979 3,037,259 +21.9%
1989 3,304,776 +8.8%
2001 3,213,011 −2.8%
2011 3,018,854 −6.0%
For 1831 and 1897[1] For 1873[2]

Demographics trends[edit]

Pyramid Armenia 2012
http://www.armstat.am

After registering a steady increase all through the Soviet period, the population of Armenia declined from 3.604 million in 1991 to 3.211 million in 2003. The latest estimate is 2.872 million on October 12, 2011.[3][4]

Armenia is the only republic of the former Soviet Union that has a nearly-homogeneous population. It is also the second-most densely populated post-Soviet state after Moldova. Ethnic minorities include Russians, Assyrians, Ukrainians, Yazidi Kurds, Iranians, Greeks, Georgians, and Belarusians. There are also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Minorities of Poles and Caucasus Germans also exist though they are heavily Russified.[5]

Most Armenians are Christian, primarily of Apostolic Church rite. Armenia is considered the first nation to adopt Christianity, which was first preached in Armenia by two Apostles of Jesus, St. Bartholomew and St. Thaddeus in the 1st century. The Armenian Apostolic Church can trace its roots back to the 3rd and 4th centuries. The country formally adopted the Christian faith in 301 A.D. Over 90% of Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a form of Oriental (Non-Chalcedonianism) Orthodoxy, which is a very ritualistic, conservative church, roughly comparable to the Coptic and Syrian churches. Armenia also has a population of Catholics and evangelical Protestants.

There has been a problem of population decline due to elevated levels of emigration after the break-up of the USSR. The rates of emigration and population decline, however, have decreased drastically in recent years, and a moderate influx of Armenians returning to Armenia have been the main reasons for the trend, which is expected to continue. In fact Armenia is expected to resume its positive population growth by 2010.

Vital statistics[6][7][8][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births) Life expectancy males Life expectancy females
1950 1,354 43,500 11,500 32,000 32.1 8.5 23.6
1951 1,383 49,900 12,400 37,500 36.1 9.0 27.1
1952 1,420 54,100 12,900 41,200 38.1 9.1 29.0
1953 1,463 51,400 14,000 37,400 35.1 9.6 25.6
1954 1,511 58,300 12,400 45,900 38.6 8.2 30.4
1955 1,564 59,400 13,800 45,600 38.0 8.8 29.2
1956 1,619 62,300 12,300 50,000 38.5 7.6 30.9
1957 1,678 67,100 14,100 53,000 40.0 8.4 31.6
1958 1,739 71,500 14,100 57,400 41.1 8.1 33.0
1959 1,802 72,400 14,100 58,300 40.2 7.8 32.4
1960 1,867 74,825 12,675 62,150 40.1 6.8 33.3 4,63
1961 1,942 72,377 12,496 59,881 37.3 6.4 30.8 4,27
1962 2,005 69,505 13,297 56,208 34.7 6.6 28.0 4,17
1963 2,064 67,382 12,046 55,336 32.6 5.8 26.8 4,11
1964 2,133 64,454 12,415 52,039 30.2 5.8 24.4 3,98
1965 2,205 62,969 12,582 50,387 28.6 5.7 22.9 3,91
1966 2,273 61,594 12,445 49,149 27.1 5.5 21.6 3,69
1967 2,337 57,031 12,622 44,409 24.4 5.4 19.0 3,55
1968 2,401 57,503 12,231 45,272 23.9 5.1 18.9 3,46
1969 2,462 56,203 12,782 43,421 22.8 5.2 17.6 3,20
1970 2,518 55,694 12,844 42,850 22.1 5.1 17.0 3,17
1971 2,580 58,188 12,518 45,670 22.6 4.9 17.7 3,18
1972 2,644 59,313 13,730 45,583 22.4 5.2 17.2 3,07
1973 2,708 59,593 14,102 45,491 22.0 5.2 16.8 2,92
1974 2,770 60,419 14,276 46,143 21.8 5.2 16.7 2,82
1975 2,826 62,866 15,498 47,368 22.2 5.5 16.8 2,79
1976 2,883 65,065 15,688 49,377 22.6 5.4 17.1 2,72
1977 2,943 65,830 15,813 50,017 22.4 5.4 17.0 2,61
1978 3,001 66,698 16,465 50,233 22.2 5.5 16.7 2,46
1979 3,051 69,786 17,125 52,661 22.9 5.6 17.3 2,38
1980 3,096 70,324 17,124 53,200 22.7 5.5 17.2 2,33
1981 3,144 73,682 16,659 57,023 23.4 5.3 18.1 2,31
1982 3,194 74,225 17,469 56,756 23.2 5.5 17.8 2,26
1983 3,243 76,436 18,369 58,067 23.6 5.7 17.9 2,35
1984 3,292 79,767 19,043 60,724 24.2 5.8 18.4 2,44
1985 3,339 80,306 19,581 60,725 24.1 5.9 18.2 2,56
1986 3,387 81,192 19,410 61,782 24.0 5.7 18.2 2,58
1987 3,435 78,492 19,727 58,765 22.9 5.7 17.1 2,55
1988 3,453 74,707 35,5672 39,140 21.6 10.3 11.3 2,49
1989 3,482 75,250 20,853 54,397 21.6 6.0 15.6 2,61
1990 3,545 79,882 21,993 57,889 22.5 6.2 16.3 2,63
1991 3,604 77,825 23,425 54,400 21.6 6.5 15.1 2,60
1992 3,549 70,581 25,824 44,757 19.9 7.3 12.6 2,44
1993 3,410 59,041 27,500 31,541 17.3 8.1 9.2 2,14
1994 3,309 51,143 24,648 26,495 15.5 7.4 8.0 1,92
1995 3,255 48,960 24,842 24,118 15.0 7.6 7.4 1,83
1996 3,247 48,134 24,936 23,198 14.8 7.7 7.1 1,79
1997 3,242 43,929 23,985 19,944 13.5 7.4 6.2 1,65
1998 3,235 39,366 23,210 16,156 12.2 7.2 5.0 1,51
1999 3,230 36,502 24,087 12,415 11.3 7.5 3.8 1,39
2000 3,221 34,276 24,025 10,251 10.6 7.5 3.2 1.28
2001 3,214 32,065 24,003 8,062 10.0 7.5 2.5 1.17
2002 3,205 32,229 25,554 6,675 10.1 8.0 2.1 1.20
2003 3,188 35,793 26,014 9,779 11.2 8.2 3.1 1.35
2004 3,172 37,520 25,679 11,841 11.8 8.1 3.7 1.39
2005 3,155 37,499 26,379 11,120 11.9 8.4 3.5 1.37
2006 3,139 37,639 27,202 10,437 12.0 8.7 3.3 1.35 13.9 70.0 76.4
2007 3,122 40,105 26,830 13,275 12.8 8.6 4.3 1.42 10.9 70.2 76.6
2008 3,106 41,185 27,412 13,773 13.3 8.8 4.4 1.44 10.8 70.4 76.9
2009 3,089 44,466 27,528 16,938 14.4 8.9 5.5 1.55 10.4 70.6 77.0
2010 3,073 44,825 27,921 16,904 14.6 9.1 5.5 1.56 11.3 70.6 77.2
2011 3,056 43,340 27,963 15,377 14.2 9.1 5.0 11.6 70.7 77.5
20123 3,037 42,480 27,599 14,881 14.0 9.1 4.9 10.7
2013 3,022 41,770 27,165 14,605 13.8 9.0 4.8 9.8

1 The numbers of life births and deaths until 1959 were calculated from the birth rate and death rate, respectively 2 The high number of deaths in 1988 is related to the Spitak earthquake 3 The population estimate for 2012 has been recalculated on the basis of the 2011 Census.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Main article: Censuses of Armenia
Population of Armenia according to ethnic group 1926–2011
Ethnic
group
census 19261 census 19392 census 19593 census 19704 census 19795 census 19896 census 20017 census 20118
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Armenians 743,571 84.5 1,061,997 82.8 1,551,610 88.0 2,208,327 88.6 2,724,975 89.7 3,083,616 93.3 3,145,354 97.9 2,961,514 98.1
Yazidis 12,237 1.4 20,481 1.6 25,627 1.5 37,486 1.5 50,822 1.7 56,127 1.7 40,620 1.3 35,272 1.2
Kurds 2,973 0.3 1,519 0.0 2,131 0.1
Russians 19,548 2.2 51,464 4.0 56,464 3.2 66,108 2.7 70,336 2.3 51,555 1.6 14,660 0.5 11,862 0.4
Assyrians 2,215 0.3 3,280 0.3 4,326 0.2 5,544 0.2 6,183 0.2 5,963 0.2 3,409 0.1 2,769 0.1
Ukrainians 2,286 0.3 5,496 0.4 5,593 0.3 8,390 0.3 8,900 0.3 8,341 0.3 1,633 0.1 1,176 0.0
Greeks 2,980 0.3 4,181 0.3 4,976 0.3 5,690 0.2 5,653 0.2 4,650 0.1 1,176 0.0 900 0.0
Georgians 274 0.0 652 0.1 816 0.0 1,439 0.1 1,314 0.0 1,364 0.0 974 0.0
Azeris 76,870 8.7 130,896 10.2 107,748 6.1 148,189 5.9 160,841 5.3 84,860 2.6
Jews 335 0.0 512 0.0 1,024 0.1 1,047 0.0 959 0.0 720 0.0
Others 18,001 2.0 3,379 0.3 4,864 0.3 9,653 0.4 7,276 0.2 7,580 0.2 4,640 0.1 2,256 0.1
Total 880,464 1,282,338 1,763,048 2,491,873 3,037,259 3,304,776 3,213,011 3,018,854
1 Source: [3]. 2 Source: [4]. 3 Source: [5]. 4 Source: [6]. 5 Source: [7]. 6 Source: [8]. 7 Source: [9]. 8 Source: [10].

Languages[edit]

Armenian 97.7%, Kurdish 1%, Russian 0.9%, and other 0.4% (2001 census).

Armenian is the only official language. Russian is widely used, especially in education.[9] 94% of adult Armenians considers that it's important their children learn Russian.[10]

Armenia is an observant member of the La Francophonie due to a small percentage of people studying enough French.

The largest communities of the ethnic Armenian diaspora are fluent in English.

Religions[edit]

Main article: Religion in Armenia

According to the Census of 2011 the religion in Armenia is the following: Christianity 2,862,366 (94.8%) of whom 2,797,187 Armenian Apostolic (92.5%), 29,280 Evangelical, 13,996 Armenian and Roman (Latin) Catholic, 8,695 Jehovah's Witness, 8,587 Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian, Greek), 2,874 Molokan (non-Orthodox Russians), 1,733 Assyrian Church of the East (Nestorian), 733 Protestant, 241 Mormon, Yazidism (0.8%), Paganism (0.2%), 812 Islam, 5,299 Other Religion (0.2%), 121,587 No Response (4%).[11]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[12]

Population[edit]

3,060,631 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 19.1% (male 312,955/female 272,065)
15-24 years: 15.2% (male 236,317/female 228,943)
25-54 years: 43.5% (male 638,141/female 693,397)
55-64 years: 11.7% (male 161,102/female 195,714)
65 years and over: 10.5% (male 128,568/female 193,429) (2014 est.)

Median age[edit]

Total: 33.7 years
Male: 31.8 years
Female: 35.8 years (2014 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

Urban population: 64.1% of total population (2011)
Rate of urbanization: 0.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.14 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.89 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

Total: 3.76 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 212
Male: 3.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 3.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total: 13.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 113
Male: 15.39 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 12.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

1.64 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 0,2% (2012 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 3,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 200 (2012 est.)

Nationality[edit]

Noun: Armenian(s)
Adjective: Armenian

Ethnic groups[edit]

Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.1%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Impact of Soviet Policies in Armenia, Mary Allerton Kilbourne Matossian, page 12, Brill Archive 1955
  2. ^ A Modern History of Transcaucasian Armenia: Social, Cultural, and Political, Manuel Sarkisyanz, Brill (Distribution), 1975, page 61
  3. ^ Новости Армении—News.am: В Армении опубликованы предварительные данные переписи населения–дата публикации: Февраль 07, 2012
  4. ^ Газета "Третья Сила"—Thirdpower.am: Данные переписи населения Армении–дата публикации: 10.02.12
  5. ^ Garnik Asatryan and Victoria Arakelova, The Ethnic Minorities of Armenia, Routledge, part of the OSCE, 2002
  6. ^ B.R. Mitchell. International historical statistics 1750-2005: Africa. Asia and Oceania
  7. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001 United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  8. ^ National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia
  9. ^ "Problems of Bilingualism in Armenia" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-01-25.  : "In 1999 the decision of the Government of Armenia that the Russian language would be used in the system of education and cultural and social life of the Republic of Armenia was approved and adopted. This decision contained the concept about a place and role of the Russian language in the system of education."
  10. ^ http://www.gallup.com/poll/109228/russian-language-enjoying-boost-postsoviet-states.aspx
  11. ^ http://armstat.am/file/article/sv_03_13a_520.pdf
  12. ^ [1]

External links[edit]