Demographics of Azerbaijan

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Azerbaijan, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Azerbaijan: Population and rural population 1958-2006 (in millions). Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan, yearbooks from various years.

Total population (in thousands) [1][edit]

Year 1897 1908 1917 1920 1923 1930 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010
City 305.1 - 560.2 405.8 486.0 750.9 1212.0 1239.8 1195.5 1138.1 1105.8 1118.5 1159.9 1163.1 1110.1 1149.1 1252.3 1835.2 2564.6 3247.5 3847.3 4116.4 4818.7 -
Rural 1501.6 - 1793.5 1546.4 1377.0 1818.6 2062.0 2092.0 1961.6 1780.0 1670.9 1587.1 1574.6 1577.4 1589.2 1583.5 1606.6 1980.5 2552.5 2866.8 3284.6 3916.4 4078.6 -
Total 1806.7 2014.3 2353.7 1952.2 1863.0 2569.5 3274.0 3331.8 3157.1 2918.1 2776.7 2705.6 2734.5 2740.5 2699.3 2732.6 2858.9 3815.7 5117.1 6114.3 7131.9 8032.8 8896.9 9000.0.[2]

Notes about table

  • To see the effect of periodical events on the population period until 1950 is not given in decades.
9,047,000[3] (2010)

Vital statistics[4][5][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total Fertility Rate
1960 3 895 165 849 25 918 139 931 42.6 6.7 35.9
1961 4 026 170 504 27 295 143 209 42.4 6.8 35.6
1962 4 163 168 341 30 901 137 440 40.4 7.4 33.0
1963 4 303 175 033 30 230 144 803 40.7 7.0 33.7
1964 4 441 176 546 31 841 144 705 39.8 7.2 32.6
1965 4 575 167 429 29 095 138 334 36.6 6.4 30.2
1966 4 703 166 545 31 657 134 888 35.4 6.7 28.7
1967 4 826 157 270 32 338 124 932 32.6 6.7 25.9
1968 4 945 158 962 32 950 126 012 32.1 6.7 25.4
1969 5 060 148 078 35 428 112 650 29.3 7.0 22.3
1970 5 172 150 976 34 506 116 470 29.2 6.7 22.5
1971 5 281 146 261 34 236 112 025 27.7 6.5 21.2
1972 5 387 137 752 35 658 102 094 25.6 6.6 19.0
1973 5 491 138 569 34 770 103 799 25.2 6.3 18.9
1974 5 591 139 084 36 082 103 002 24.9 6.5 18.4
1975 5 689 141 857 39 291 102 566 24.9 6.9 18.0
1976 5 784 147 199 38 029 109 170 25.4 6.6 18.8
1977 5 878 146 822 39 035 107 787 25.0 6.6 18.4
1978 5 970 148 812 39 936 108 876 24.9 6.7 18.2
1979 6 028 153 080 43 022 110 058 25.4 7.1 18.3
1980 6 161 154 974 43 064 111 910 25.2 7.0 18.2
1981 6 260 164 577 42 898 121 679 26.3 6.9 19.4
1982 6 351 160 425 42 376 118 049 25.3 6.7 18.6
1983 6 453 168 644 42 944 125 700 26.1 6.7 19.5
1984 6 560 174 437 44 845 129 592 26.6 6.8 19.8
1985 6 661 177 657 45 179 132 478 26.7 6.8 19.9
1986 6 760 186 609 45 344 141 265 27.6 6.7 20.9
1987 6 866 184 585 45 744 138 841 26.9 6.7 20.2
1988 6 980 184 350 47 485 136 865 26.4 6.8 19.6
1989 7 085 181 631 44 016 137 615 25.6 6.2 19.4
1990 7 153 182 989 42 819 140 170 25.6 6.0 19.6 2.77
1991 7 271 190 353 44 659 145 694 26.2 6.1 20.0
1992 7 382 181 361 51 258 130 103 24.6 6.9 17.6
1993 7 495 174 618 52 809 121 809 23.3 7.0 16.3
1994 7 597 159 761 54 921 104 840 21.0 7.2 13.8
1995 7 685 143 315 50 828 92 487 18.6 6.6 12.0 2.29
1996 7 763 129 247 48 242 81 005 16.6 6.2 10.4 2.10
1997 7 838 132 052 46 962 85 090 16.8 6.0 10.9 2.10
1998 7 915 123 996 46 299 77 697 15.7 5.8 9.8 2.00
1999 7 985 117 539 46 295 71 244 14.7 5.8 8.9 2.00
2000 8 074 116 994 46 701 70 293 14.5 5.8 8.7 1.99
2001 8 153 110 356 45 284 65 072 13.5 5.6 8.0 1.83
2002 8 230 110 715 46 522 64 193 13.4 5.6 7.8 1.84
2003 8 309 113 467 49 001 64 466 13.7 5.9 7.8 1.91
2004 8 398 131 609 49 568 82 041 15.7 5.9 9.8 2.10
2005 8 500 141 901 51 962 89 939 16.7 6.1 10.6 2.33
2006 8 610 148 946 52 248 96 698 17.3 6.1 11.2 2.33
2007 8 723 151 963 53 655 98 308 17.4 6.2 11.3 2.33
2008 8 839 152 086 52 710 99 376 17.2 6.0 11.3 2.25
2009 8 947 152 139 52 514 99 625 17.0 5.9 11.1 2.26
2010 9 054 165 643 53 580 112 063 18.3 5.9 12.4 2.27
2011 9 173 176 072 53 762 122 310 19.2 5.9 13.3 2.38
2012 9 296 174 469 55 017 119 452 18.8 5.9 12.9
2013 9 496 172 600 18.2

Ethnic groups [6][7][edit]

Population of Azerbaijan according to ethnic group 1926–2009
Ethnic
group
Census 19261 Census 19392 Census 19593 Census 19704 Census 19795 Census 19896 Census 19996 Census 2009[8]
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Azerbaijanis 1,437,977 62.1 1,870,471 58.4 2,494,381 67.5 3,776,778 73.8 4,708,832 78.1 5,804,980 82.7 7,205,464 90.6 8,172,800 91.6
Lezgins 37,263 1.6 111,666 3.5 98,211 2.7 137,250 2.7 158,057 2.6 171,395 2.4 178,021 2.2 180,300 2.02
Armenians 282,004 12.2 388,025 12.1 442,089 12.0 483,520 9.4 475,486 7.9 390,505 5.6 120,7458 1.5 120,3008 1.35
Russians 220,545 9.5 528,318 16.5 501,282 13.6 510,059 10.0 475,255 7.9 392,304 5.6 141,687 1.8 119,300 1.35
Talysh 77,323 3.3 87,510 2.7 85 0.0 21,169 0.3 76,841 1.0 112,000 1.26
Avars 19,104 0.8 15,740 0.5 17,254 0.5 30,735 0.6 35,991 0.6 44,072 0.6 50,871 0.6 49,800 0.56
Turks 95 0.0 600 0.0 202 0.0 8,491 0.2 7,926 0.1 17,705 0.3 43,454 0.5 38,000 0,43
Tatars 9,948 0.4 27,591 0.9 29,370 0.8 31,353 0.6 31,204 0.5 28,019 0.4 30,011 0.4 25,900 0,29
Tat 28,443 1.2 2,289 0.1 5,887 0.2 7,769 0.2 8,848 0.1 10,239 0.1 10,922 0.1 25,200 0.28
Ukrainians 18,241 0.8 23,643 0.7 25,778 0.7 29,160 0.6 26,402 0.4 32,345 0.5 28,984 0.4 21,500 0,24
Tsakhurs 15,552 0.7 6,464 0.2 2,876 0.1 6,208 0.1 8,546 0.1 13,318 0.2 15,877 0.2 12,300 0.14
Udins 2,445 0.1 3,202 0.1 5,492 0.1 5,841 0.1 6,125 0.1 4,152 0.1 3,800 0.04
Georgians 9,500 0.4 10,196 0.3 9,526 0.3 13,595 0.3 11,412 0.2 14,197 0.2 14,877 0.2 9,900 0.11
Jews 20,578 0.9 41,245 1.3 40,198 1.1 48,652 1.0 35,487 0.6 30,792 0.4 8,916 0.1 9,100 0.1
Kurds 41,1937 1.8 6,005 0.2 1,487 0.0 5,488 0.1 5,676 0.1 12,226 0.2 13,075 0.2 6,100 0.07
Others 94,360 4.1 85,387 2.7 25,889 0.7 22,531 0.4 31,552 0.5 31,787 0.5 9,541 0.1 9,500 0.11
Total 2,314,571 3,205,150 3,697,717 5,117,081 6,026,515 7,021,178 7,953,438 8,922,400
1 Source: [2]. 2 Source: [3]. 3 Source: [4]. 4 Source: [5]. 5 Source: [6]. 6 Source: [7]. 7 Almost all Kurds lived in Kurdistan Uyezd, the territory between Armenia and Nagorno Karabach. In the late 1930s Soviet authorities deported most of the Kurdish population of Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan. 8 Almost all Armenians live in the break-away region of Nagorno Karabach since the early 1990s.

Languages[edit]

Azerbaijani 92.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)

Demographic statistics[edit]

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 22.3%
15-64 years: 71.9%
65 years and over: 5.8% (2012 est.)

Median age[edit]

Total: 28.2 years
Male: 26.6 years
Female: 30 years (2009 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

Urban population: 52% of total population (2008)
Rate of urbanization: 1% of annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.13 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.58 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

Total: 10.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total population: 72 years[9]
Country comparison to the world: 120
Male: 69 years
Female: 75 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

2.04 children born/woman (2009 est.)
1.92 children born/woman (2012 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 135

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: less than 0.2% (2007 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 92
People living with HIV/AIDS: 7,800 (2007 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 113
Deaths: less than 100 (2007 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 127

Nationality[edit]

Noun: Azerbaijani(s)
Adjective: Azerbaijani

Religions[edit]

Note: Religious affiliation is nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower.

Literacy[edit]

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98.8%
Male: 99.5%
Female: 98.2% (2003 est.)

Education expenditures[edit]

2.1% of total GDP
country comparison to the world: 162

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "200p edition".