Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Vital statistics[edit]

[1][2] [3] Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births) Life expectancy males Life expectancy females
1947 2 532 84 600 38 900 45 700 33.4 15.4 18.0
1948 2 586 90 700 41 600 49 100 35.1 16.1 19.0
1949 2 642 98 200 42 200 56 000 37.2 16.0 21.2
1950 2 661 102 680 35 991 66 689 38.6 13.5 25.1
1951 2 721 92 330 46 358 45 972 33.9 17.0 16.9
1952 2 779 112 216 34 817 77 399 40.4 12.5 27.9
1953 2 836 110 373 41 199 69 174 38.9 14.5 24.4
1954 2 891 115 854 35 158 80 696 40.1 12.2 27.9
1955 2 944 110 866 40 513 70 353 37.7 13.8 23.9
1956 2 994 111 561 38 320 73 241 37.3 12.8 24.5
1957 3 042 102 649 36 830 65 819 33.7 12.1 21.6
1958 3 089 110 332 30 123 80 209 35.7 9.8 26.0
1959 3 135 108 123 32 507 75 616 34.5 10.4 24.1
1960 3 180 110 499 33 360 77 139 34.7 10.5 24.3
1961 3 225 108 076 29 413 78 663 33.5 9.1 24.4
1962 3 271 106 826 31 087 75 739 32.7 9.5 23.2
1963 3 315 104 240 29 161 75 079 31.4 8.8 22.6
1964 3 357 101 147 29 846 71 301 30.1 8.9 21.2
1965 3 396 101 351 27 814 73 537 29.8 8.2 21.7
1966 3 433 97 689 25 138 72 551 28.5 7.3 21.1
1967 3 466 92 972 26 195 66 777 26.8 7.6 19.3
1968 3 498 89 134 26 031 63 103 25.5 7.4 18.0
1969 3 531 87 687 27 805 59 882 24.8 7.9 17.0
1970 3 564 79 296 26 355 52 941 22.2 7.4 14.9
1971 3 600 82 694 24 915 57 779 23.0 6.9 16.0
1972 3 637 82 068 26 844 55 224 22.6 7.4 15.2
1973 3 675 77 896 24 672 53 224 21.2 6.7 14.5
1974 3 712 77 833 23 661 54 172 21.0 6.4 14.6
1975 3 747 78 844 25 571 53 273 21.0 6.8 14.2
1976 3 781 79 061 25 178 53 883 20.9 6.7 14.3
1977 3 813 75 669 24 821 50 848 19.8 6.5 13.3
1978 3 844 73 306 26 016 47 290 19.1 6.8 12.3
1979 3 878 71 120 25 370 45 750 18.3 6.5 11.8
1980 3 914 70 928 26 115 44 813 18.1 6.7 11.4
1981 3 950 71 031 26 222 44 809 18.0 6.6 11.3
1982 3 986 73 375 26 775 46 600 18.4 6.7 11.7
1983 4 025 74 296 29 999 44 297 18.5 7.5 11.0
1984 4 070 74 539 29 046 45 493 18.3 7.1 11.2
1985 4 122 72 722 28 966 43 756 17.6 7.0 10.6
1986 4 189 71 203 29 127 42 076 17.0 7.0 10.0
1987 4 267 70 898 29 382 41 516 16.6 6.9 9.7
1988 4 332 70 711 29 559 41 152 16.3 6.8 9.5
1989 4 353 66 809 30 383 36 426 15.3 7.0 8.4
1990 4 308 66 952 29 093 37 859 15.5 6.8 8.8
1991 4 163 64 769 31 411 33 358 15.6 7.5 8.0
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996 3 645 46 594 25 152 21 442 12.8 6.9 5.9 1.65
1997 3 738 48 397 27 875 20 522 12.9 7.5 5.5 1.68
1998 3 653 45 007 28 679 16 328 12.3 7.9 4.5 1.56
1999 3 725 42 464 28 637 13 827 11.4 7.7 3.7 1.36
2000 3 781 39 563 30 482 9 081 10.5 8.1 2.4 1.30
2001 3 798 37 717 30 325 7 392 9.9 8.0 1.9 1.40
2002 3 828 35 587 30 155 5 432 9.3 7.9 1.4 1.20
2003 3 832 35 234 31 757 3 477 9.2 8.3 0.9 1.22
2004 3 837 35 151 32 616 2 535 9.2 8.5 0.7 1.22
2005 3 843 34 627 34 402 225 9.0 9.0 0.1 1.20
2006 3 843 34 033 33 221 812 8.9 8.6 0.2 1.18
2007 3 842 33 835 35 044 -1 209 8.8 9.1 -0.3 1.26
2008 3 842 34 176 34 026 150 8.9 8.9 0.0 1.29
2009 3 843 34 550 34 904 -69 9.0 9.0 -0.0 1.30
2010 3 841 33 379 34 633 -1 254 8.8 9.0 -0.2 1.27
2011 3 840 31 875 35 522 -3 647 8.3 9.3 -1.0 1.21
2012 3 836 32 072 35 692 -3 620 8.5 9.3 -0.8 1.35
2013[4] 3 792 31 103 35 837 -4 734 8.2 9.5 -1.2

Ethnic groups[edit]

Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to ethnic group 1948–1996
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census UNHCR 1996
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Bosniaks 788,403 30.7 891,800 31.3 842,248 25.7 1,482,430 39.6 1,629,924 39.5 1,902,956 43.5 1,805,910 46.1
Serbs 1,136,116 44.3 1,264,372 44.4 1,406,057 42.9 1,393,148 37.2 1,320,644 32.0 1,366,104 31.2 1,484,530 37.9
Croats 614,123 23.9 654,229 23.0 711,665 21.7 772,491 20.6 758,136 18.4 760,852 17.4 571,317 14.6
Yugoslavs 275,883 8.4 43,796 1.2 326,280 7.9 242,682 5.5
Montenegrins 3,094 0.1 7,336 0.3 12,828 0.4 13,021 0.3 14,114 0.3 10,071 0.2
Romani 442 0.0 2,297 0.1 588 0.0 1,456 0.0 7,251 0.2 8,864 0.2
Albanians 3,642 0.1 3,764 0.1 4,396 0.1 4,925 0.1
Others/undeclared 23,099 0.9 25, 1.0 28,679 0.8 36,005 1 63,263 1.5 80,579 1.9 58,196 1.5
Total 2,565,277 2,847,790 3,277,948 3,746,111 4,124,008 4,377,033 3,919,953

Languages[edit]

Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian are co-official standards of a single language (generally called Serbo-Croatian in English) and as such are mutually intelligible among all three ethnic groups. All speak the Ijekavian accent of the Shtokavian dialect. Serbian is written in both Latin and Cyrillic, whereas Croatian and Bosnian is written only in a Latin alphabet. There are also minor speakers of Italian, German, Turkish and Ladino. Yugoslav Sign Language is used with Croatian and Serbian variants.

Religion[edit]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

Percentage of the population age 15 and under, by municipality, 2010
Percentage of the population age 65 and over, by municipality, 2010

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

3,871,643 (July 2014 est.)

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 13.7% (male 272,812/female 256,152)
15-24 years: 12.7% (male 255,074/female 238,428)
25-54 years: 46.7% (male 906,265/female 899,870)
55-64 years: 13.7% (male 253,045/female 276,769)
65 years and over: 13.3% (male 199,515/female 313,713) (2014 est.)

Median age[edit]

Total: 40.8 years
Male: 39.4 years
Female: 42.2 years (2014 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

Total: 5.84 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 5.91 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 5.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total population: 76.33 years
Male: 73.33 years
Female: 79.55 years (2014 est.)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2007 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 900 (2007 est.)
Deaths: 100 (2001 est.)

Literacy[edit]

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98%
Male: 99.5%
Female: 96.7% (2011 est.)

See also[edit]

Religion:

Groups:

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2009 edition".

External links[edit]