Demographics of Calgary

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View of Calgary's skyline from Nose Hill Park, overlooking the downtown core & facing SE, summer 2013
Federal census
population history
Year Pop.   ±%  
1891 3,876 —    
1901 4,091 +5.5%
1906 11,967 +192.5%
1911 43,704 +265.2%
1916 56,514 +29.3%
1921 63,305 +12.0%
1926 65,291 +3.1%
1931 83,761 +28.3%
1936 83,407 −0.4%
1941 88,904 +6.6%
1946 100,044 +12.5%
1951 129,060 +29.0%
1956 181,780 +40.8%
1961 249,641 +37.3%
1966 330,575 +32.4%
1971 403,319 +22.0%
1976 469,917 +16.5%
1981 592,743 +26.1%
1986 636,107 +7.3%
1991 710,795 +11.7%
1996 768,082 +8.1%
2001 878,866 +14.4%
2006 988,193 +12.4%
2011 1,096,833 +11.0%
Source: Statistics Canada
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]
[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Calgary had a population of 1,096,833 residents, representing 30% of the 3,645,257 residents in all of Alberta, and compared to a population of 33,476,688 in all of Canada.[22] The total population of the Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) was 1,214,839.[23] Calgary is the largest city in Alberta,[22] and the third-largest municipality and fifth-largest metropolitan area in Canada.[23][24]

Civic census[edit]

Section 57 of Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA) enables municipalities to conduct censuses.[25] The City of Calgary first conducted a municipal census, or civic census, in 1931.[26] It has conducted a civic census annually since 1958.[26]

Calgary's 2012 civic census counted a population of 1,120,225,[27] a 2.7% increase over its 2011 municipal census population of 1,090,936.[28][29] The city attributed the 29,289 increase in residents to a natural increase of 9,631 and a net migration of 19,658 since the 2011 civic census.[30] The 2012 civic census also recorded a total 459,339 dwellings in the city.[30]

2012 population breakdown[edit]

The following is a breakdown of the City of Calgary's 2012 civic census results by community, including residential communities, industrial areas, major parks and residual areas by electoral ward.[30]

Growth and density[edit]

Between 2006 and 2011, the population of the City of Calgary grew by 10.9%, compared with an increase of 12.6% for the Calgary CMA.[35] During the same period, the growth rates were 10.8% for Alberta and 5.9% for Canada.[36] With land areas of 825.29 km2 (318.65 sq mi) and 5,107.55 km2 (1,972.04 sq mi) for the city and CMA respectively, the population density was 1,329.027/km2 (3,442.165/sq mi) for the city and 237.8516/km2 (616.0328/sq mi) for the CMA in 2011.[35]

Age and gender[edit]

In the 2011 census, the median age was 36.4 years for both the City of Calgary and its CMA.[35] Comparatively, the median ages were 36.5 years in Alberta and 40.6 years in Canada.[36] The largest age group was 25 to 29 years for both the city (93,360) and the CMA (100,290).[35]

The 2011 census also indicated that 50.09% of the population was female and 49.91% was male in the city (549,360 females and 547,475 males) and 50.05% and 49.95% in the CMA (607,970 females and 606,870 males).[35]

Ethnicity[edit]

Population by ethnicity, 2006
Ethnic origin[37] Population Percent
Canadian 233,470 26.80%
English 228,435 26.22%
Scottish 171,755 19.72%
German 140,305 16.11%
Irish 139,600 16.03%
French 85,450 9.81%
Ukrainian 59,770 6.86%
Chinese 56,100 6.44%


Visible minority and Aboriginal population[38][39][40]
Population group Population (2011)  % of total population (2011) Population (2006)  % of total population (2006)
White 727,940 67.3% 722,595 73.8%
Visible minority group South Asian 81,180 7.5% 56,210 5.7%
Chinese 74,070 6.8% 65,365 6.7%
Black 31,870 2.9% 20,540 2.1%
Filipino 47,350 4.4% 24,915 2.5%
Latin American 19,870 1.8% 13,120 1.3%
Arab 16,745 1.5% 11,245 1.1%
Southeast Asian 20,530 1.9% 15,410 1.6%
West Asian 8,470 0.8% 5,930 0.6%
Korean 8,160 0.8% 6,710 0.7%
Japanese 5,160 0.5% 4,490 0.5%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 2,860 0.3% 1,920 0.2%
Multiple visible minorities 9,130 0.8% 6,605 0.7%
Total visible minority population 325,390 30.1% 232,465 23.7%
Aboriginal group First Nations 12,855 1.2% 10,090 1%
Métis 14,650 1.4% 13,505 1.4%
Inuit 235 0% 230 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 1,010 0.1% 420 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 155 0% 170 0%
Total Aboriginal population 28,905 2.7% 24,425 2.5%
Total population 1,082,235 100% 979,485 100%

Religion[edit]

Religion [41] Population Percent
Christian 594,270 54.9%
No religion 349,830 32.3%
Islam 56,785 5.2%
Sikh 28,565 2.6%
Buddhist 22,375 2.1%
Hindu 17,410 1.6%
Jewish 5,995 0.6%
Other 7,000 0.7%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100. 
  2. ^ "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39. 
  3. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140. 
  4. ^ "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215. 
  5. ^ "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567. 
  6. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102. 
  7. ^ "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836. 
  8. ^ "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141. 
  9. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414. 
  10. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83. 
  11. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53. 
  12. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83. 
  13. ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53. 
  14. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111. 
  15. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43. 
  16. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2. 
  17. ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0. 
  18. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3. 
  19. ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  20. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  21. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  22. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  23. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  24. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  25. ^ "Municipal Government Act". Alberta Queen’s Printer. 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  26. ^ a b "Calgary's population hits 1,071,515 - Civic Census Results". City of Calgary. 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  27. ^ "City Releases 2012 Census Results". City of Calgary. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  28. ^ "2011 Municipal Affairs Population List". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  29. ^ "City Releases 2011 Census Results". City of Calgary. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g "2012 Civic Census Results". City of Calgary. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  31. ^ a b c "Community Boundaries" (Esri shapefile). City of Calgary. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  32. ^ "2013 Civic Census Results". City of Calgary. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  33. ^ "Report to the Calgary Planning Commission (CPC2013-025)". City of Calgary. January 17, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Report to the Calgary Planning Commission (CPC2013-050)". City of Calgary. January 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c d e "Census Profile: Calgary, City, Alberta (Census Subdivision) and Calgary, Alberta (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  36. ^ a b "Census Profile: Alberta (Province) and Canada (Country)". Statistics Canada. 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  37. ^ "Selected Ethnic Origins, for Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) With 5,000-plus Population - 20% Sample Data (Calgary, C, Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2001. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  38. ^ [1], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  39. ^ [2], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  40. ^ [3], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  41. ^ National Household Survey - 2011 | publisher=Statistics Canada | date=2013-09-11 | accessdate=2014-03-08

External links[edit]