Demographics of Cologne

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City of Cologne

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Cologne (German: Köln) is Germany's fourth-largest city and the largest city in the Rhineland. As of 31 December 2011, there were officially 1,017,155 residents.[1] The city is center of the Cologne/Bonn Region with around 3 million inhabitants (including the neighboring cities of Bonn, Hürth, Leverkusen, and Bergisch Gladbach).

Population by district[edit]

District Population
Population
(1990)
Population
(1995)
Population
(2000)
Population
(2005)
Population
(2009)
Population
(2025)estimated
1. Innenstadt 137.283 138.637 Increase 133.454 Decrease 129.496 Decrease 126.301 Decrease 128.400 Increase
2. Rodenkirchen 91.284 94.582 Increase 97.790 Increase 100.490 Increase 100.827 Increase 110.500 Increase
3. Lindenthal 134.823 135.276 Increase 139.026 Increase 139.803 Increase 137.870 Decrease 145.300 Increase
4. Ehrenfeld 95.243 95.552 Increase 97.396 Increase 102.939 Increase 103.708 Increase 105.900 Increase
5. Nippes 111.133 109.481 Decrease 108.206 Decrease 109.235 Increase 111.141 Increase 111.000 Decrease
6. Chorweiler 74.481 79.073 Increase 83.215 Increase 82.865 Decrease 80.459 Decrease 77.700 Decrease
7. Porz 100.695 105.433 Increase 107.447 Increase 106.647 Decrease 106.533 Decrease 107.000 Increase
8. Kalk 108.769 108.185 Decrease 106.377 Decrease 107.194 Increase 109.045 Increase 105.800 Decrease
9. Mülheim 142.889 141.877 Decrease 144.321 Increase 144.432 Increase 144.419 Decrease 140.300 Decrease
    Cologne 998.590 Decrease 1.008.848 Increase 1.017.721 Increase 1.023.101 Increase 1.020.303 Decrease 1.031.800 Increase
source: Die Kölner Stadtteile in Zahlen 2010 (German)

Population by migration background[edit]

Keupstraße in the district of Mülheim is a centre of the Turkish community in Cologne.
District Population (2009) German citizens Foreign citizens

(total)
German citizens
w/o migration backgr.
German citizens
w/ migration backgr.

(total)
from
inside the EU1
from
Turkey    
from
elsewhere in Europe
from
Africa2    
from
the Americas
from
Asia3    
from
elsewhere
1. Innenstadt 126.301 104.945 92.946 11.999 21.356 9.524 4.502 2.532 924 1.287 2.460 127
2. Rodenkirchen 100.827 86.823 74.938 11.885 14.004 5.717 3.298 1.850 827 505 1.747 60
3. Lindenthal 137.870 124.943 111.586 13.357 12.927 6.034 1.600 1.646 627 762 2.146 112
4. Ehrenfeld 103.708 83.614 69.749 13.865 20.094 6.824 7.960 2.394 970 459 1.367 120
5. Nippes 111.141 91.048 77.230 13.818 20.093 5.876 9.584 2.131 857 409 1.146 90
6. Chorweiler 80.459 65.770 46.806 18.964 14.689 3.216 6.989 2.589 456 96 1.252 91
7. Porz 106.533 91.368 71.409 19.959 15.165 4.802 4.412 3.178 653 196 1.850 75
8. Kalk 109.045 82.012 61.387 20.625 27.033 6.867 10.865 4.287 1.772 280 1.772 108
9. Mülheim 144.419 116.935 93.804 23.131 27.484 6.642 12.480 3.885 1.750 443 2.202 82
    Cologne 1.020.303 847.458 699.855 147.603 172.845 55.502 61.690 24.492 8.835 4.437 17.024 865

1 largest groups from Italy, Poland and Greece
2 largest group from Morocco
3 largest group from Iran

Population by age[edit]

District Population (2004)
Population
(total)
Population
age < 18
Population
age 18 < 35
Population
age 35 < 65
Population
age > 65
1. Innenstadt 129.047 Decrease 12.091 Decrease
2. Rodenkirchen 100.325 Decrease 15.828 Increase
3. Lindenthal 139.233 Increase 17.700 Increase
4. Ehrenfeld 102.264 Increase 16.780 Decrease
5. Nippes 109.009 Increase 17.172 Increase
6. Chorweiler 83.332 Decrease 17.979 Decrease
7. Porz 107.437 Decrease 19.180 Decrease
8. Kalk 107.036 Increase 19.246 Decrease
9. Mülheim 144.944 Increase 26.229 Decrease
    Cologne 1.022.627 Increase 162.205 Decrease 257.218 Decrease
source: Statistisches Jahrbuch Köln 2004 (German)
District Population (2006)
Population
(total)
Population
age < 18
Population
age 18 < 35
Population
age 35 < 65
Population
age > 65
1. Innenstadt 129.318 Increase 11.660 Decrease 44.706 54.820 18.132
2. Rodenkirchen 101.309 Increase 15.760 Decrease 21.461 44.631 19.457
3. Lindenthal 139.507 Increase 17.668 Decrease 37.927 59.504 24.408
4. Ehrenfeld 103.205 Increase 16.522 Decrease 28.472 42.404 15.807
5. Nippes 109.413 Increase 17.136 Decrease 25.194 46.766 20.317
6. Chorweiler 82.161 Decrease 17.042 Decrease 16.548 34.358 14.213
7. Porz 106.567 Decrease 18.566 Decrease 21.325 46.803 19.873
8. Kalk 108.146 Increase 19.205 Decrease 26.351 42.844 19.746
9. Mülheim 144.720 Decrease 25.589 Decrease 32.871 59.631 26.629
    Cologne 1.024.346 Increase 159.148 Decrease 254.855 Decrease 431.761 178.582
source: Bevölkerungsprognose Kölner Stadtteile 2006/2025 (German)
District Population (2009)
Population
(total)
Population
age < 18
Population
age 18 < 35
Population
age 35 < 65
Population
age > 65
1. Innenstadt 126.301 Decrease 11.254 Decrease 18.139 Increase
2. Rodenkirchen 100.827 Increase 15.946 Increase 20.332 Increase
3. Lindenthal 137.870 Decrease 18.693 Increase 25.302 Increase
4. Ehrenfeld 103.708 Increase 16.065 Decrease 16.163 Increase
5. Nippes 111.141 Increase 17.246 Increase 20.650 Increase
6. Chorweiler 80.459 Decrease 15.798 Decrease 14.947 Increase
7. Porz 106.533 Decrease 18.011 Decrease 21.112 Increase
8. Kalk 109.045 Increase 19.415 Increase 20.029 Increase
9. Mülheim 144.419 Decrease 25.152 Decrease 26.793 Increase
    Cologne 1.020.303 Decrease 157.580 Decrease 253.964 Decrease 425.292 Decrease 183.467 Increase
source: Die Kölner Stadtteile in Zahlen 2010 (German)

Historic population data[edit]

Roman Cologne[edit]

The walls of Colonia Agrippina covered an area of 96.8 hectares,[2] but the population density within the walls remains uncertain.

Date Population
50 30.000[citation needed]
150 50.000[citation needed]
250 15.000[citation needed]
350 15.000[citation needed]

Medieval Cologne[edit]

woodcut of Cologne from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493

Since the construction of the Medieval wall in 1180, the area of the old imperial city of Cologne has not changed for more than 600 years and was only extended over the old city walls in 1794, just short before the arrival of French troops and Cologne's incorporation into the First French Empire.

Date Population
900
1000
1140 20.000
1180 40.000[3]
1200
Date Population
1300
1400
1430 40.000
1500

Modern Cologne[edit]

16th through 19th century[edit]

copper engraving of Cologne by Hollar von Prachna, Wenceslaus, 1636
coloured drawing of Cologne, ca. 1700

After 1815, the Kingdom of Prussia enforced the construction of fortifications which again hindered any growth for the city. Only with the acquisition of these fortifications in 1881, the city of Cologne had the possibility of a gradual territorial expansion. On 12. November 1883 a strip of territory from parts of the municipalities of Ehrenfeld, Kriel, Longerich, Müngersdorf and Rondorf was added to the city. Since 1886, the Cologne City Council intensified negotiations with the surrounding communities, and on 1 April 1888 ended in a first major incorporation.

Date Population
1501
1600 40.000
1670 37.000[4]
1700 39.000
Date Population
1701
1714 42.015
1735 44.568
1794 44.512
1800
Date Population
1801 42.024 Decrease
1810 45.029 Increase
1. December 1816 ¹ 49.276 Increase
1. December 1819 ¹ 55.355 Increase
1. December 1822 ¹ 56.527 Increase
1. December 1825 ¹ 59.049 Increase
1. December 1828 ¹ 61.059 Increase
1. December 1831 ¹ 65.953 Increase
3. December 1834 ¹ 67.302 Increase
3. December 1837 ¹ 72.237 Increase
3. December 1840 ¹ 75.858 Increase
3. December 1843 ¹ 83.418 Increase
3. December 1849 ¹ 94.789 Increase
3. December 1850 95.500 Increase
Date Population
3. December 1851
3. December 1852 ¹ 101.091 Increase
3. December 1855 ¹ 106.852 Increase
3. December 1858 ¹ 114.477 Increase
3. December 1861 ¹ 120.568 Increase
3. December 1864 ¹ 122.162 Increase
3. December 1867 ¹ 125.172 Increase
1. December 1871 ¹ 129.233 Increase
1. December 1875 ¹ 135.371 Increase
1. December 1880 ¹ 144.772 Increase
1. December 1885 ¹ 161.401 Increase
1. December 1890 ¹ 281.681 Increase
2. December 1895 ¹ 321.564 Increase
1. December 1900 ¹ 372.229 Increase

20th century[edit]

The territorial expansion, beginning in the late 19th century, were significant marks for the city's population growth. Major communal reorganizations took place in 1910, 1914, 1922 and 1975.

Date Population
31. December 1901 380.518 Increase
31. December 1902 392.882 Increase
31. December 1903 406.420 Increase
31. December 1904 417.480 Increase
1. December 1905 ¹ 428.722 Increase
31. December 1906 440.376 Increase
31. December 1907 451.134 Increase
31. December 1908 461.891 Increase
31. December 1909 472.649 Increase
1. December 1910 ¹ 516.527 Increase
31. December 1911 525.671 Increase
31. December 1912 538.302 Increase
31. December 1913 550.540 Increase
31. December 1914 642.848 Increase
31. December 1915
1. December 1916 ¹ 595.853 Decrease
5. December 1917 ¹ 609.244 Increase
31. December 1918
31. December 1919 644.206 Increase
31. December 1920 657.175 Increase
Date Population
31. December 1921 665.629 Increase
31. December 1922 683.363 Increase
31. December 1923 690.605 Increase
31. December 1924 696.168 Increase
31. December 1925 705.477 Increase
31. December 1926 713.633 Increase
31. December 1927 723.753 Increase
31. December 1928 733.075 Increase
31. December 1929 736.914 Increase
31. December 1930 740.082 Increase
31. December 1931 739.726 Decrease
31. December 1932 741.283 Increase
31. December 1933 759.648 Increase
31. December 1934 760.422 Increase
31. December 1935 761.263 Increase
31. December 1936 762.154 Increase
31. December 1937 765.468 Increase
31. December 1938 767.102 Increase
31. December 1939 767.222 Increase
December 1940 733.500 Decrease
Date Population
December 1941 690.000 Decrease
December 1942 648.200 Decrease
December 1943 561.600 Decrease
December 1944 472.900 Decrease
31. December 1945 453.566 Decrease
31. December 1946 494.815 Increase
31. December 1947 515.355 Increase
31. December 1948 543.765 Increase
31. December 1949 573.557 Increase
31. December 1950 603.283 Increase
31. December 1951 630.232 Increase
31. December 1952 647.540 Increase
31. December 1953 670.031 Increase
31. December 1954 688.765 Increase
31. December 1955 712.561 Increase
31. December 1956 718.722 Increase
31. December 1957 737.991 Increase
31. December 1958 756.203 Increase
31. December 1959 773.280 Increase
31. December 1960 803.616 Increase
Date Population
31. December 1961 816.542 Increase
31. December 1962 827.659 Increase
31. December 1963 835.832 Increase
31. December 1964 842.061 Increase
31. December 1965 854.479 Increase
31. December 1966 860.200 Increase
31. December 1967 854.717 Decrease
31. December 1968 855.886 Increase
31. December 1969 864.754 Increase
31. December 1970 847.037 Decrease
31. December 1971 846.479 Decrease
31. December 1972 841.537 Decrease
31. December 1973 832.396 Decrease
31. December 1974 825.792 Decrease
31. December 1975 1.013.771 Increase
31. December 1976 981.021 Decrease
31. December 1977 976.761 Decrease
31. December 1978 976.534 Decrease
31. December 1979 976.136 Decrease
31. December 1980 976.694 Increase
Date Population
31. December 1981 971.403 Decrease
31. December 1982 961.777 Decrease
31. December 1983 940.663 Decrease
31. December 1984 922.286 Decrease
31. December 1985 916.153 Decrease
31. December 1986 914.336 Decrease
31. December 1987 930.907 Increase
31. December 1988 937.482 Increase
31. December 1989 946.280 Increase
31. December 1990 953.551 Increase
31. December 1991 956.690 Increase
31. December 1992 960.631 Increase
31. December 1993 962.517 Increase
31. December 1994 963.817 Increase
31. December 1995 965.697 Increase
31. December 1996 964.346 Decrease
31. December 1997 964.311 Decrease
31. December 1998 962.580 Decrease
31. December 1999 962.507 Decrease
31. December 2000 962.884 Increase

21st century[edit]

Date Population
31. December 2001 967.940 Increase
31. December 2002 968.639 Increase
31. December 2003 965.954 Decrease
31. December 2004 969.709 Increase
31. December 2005 983.347 Increase
31. December 2006 989.766 Increase
31. December 2007 995.397 Increase
31. December 2008 995.420 Increase
31. December 2009 998.105 Increase
31. December 2010 1.007.119 Increase

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Information und Technik NRW;. "Bevölkerung im Regierungsbezirk Köln". 
  2. ^ J.C. Russell, "Late Ancient and Medieval Population," in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 48, part 3, table 89.
  3. ^ City of Cologne, Köln ist Millionenstadt (German)
  4. ^ City of Cologne, Köln ist Millionenstadt (German)