Demographics of Denmark

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Denmark, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

National demographics[edit]

Population of Denmark 1.January 2012 by ancestry.

According to 2012 figures from Statistics Denmark, 89.6% of Denmark’s population of over 5,580,516 was of Danish descent, defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship.[1][2] Many of the remaining 10.4% were immigrants—or descendants of recent immigrants (defined as people born in Denmark from migrant parents, or parents without Danish citizenship) —near half of whom are from the neighbouring Scandinavian countries and Germany. Others include people from Turkey, Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Asia, and from Western Asia. More than 590 000 individuals (10.4%)[2][3] are migrants and their descendants (142 000 second generation migrants born in Denmark[3]).

Of these 590 000[2] immigrants and their descendants:

Population of Denmark 1.January 2012 by ancestry and continents of origin.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Non-Scandinavian ethnic minorities include:

Historic minorities[edit]

Ethnic minorities in Denmark include a handful of groups:

  • The religiously affiliated Danish Jews number around 7,000.[7] Secular Jews and unaffiliated ethnic Jews in Denmark number several thousand.
  • There are approximately 15,000-20,000 Romani people with historical ties to Denmark, excluding recent immigrants and their immediate descendants.

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Data according to Statistics Denmark, which collects the official statistics for Denmark.[8]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births) Life expectancy males Life expectancy females
1900 2 432 72 129 40 891 31 238 29.7 16.8 12.8 4,16
1901 2 463 73 219 38 786 34 425 29.7 15.7 14.0 4,14
1902 2 494 72 839 36 424 36 391 29.2 14.6 14.6 4,05
1903 2 525 72 351 36 956 35 403 28.7 14.6 14.0 3,96
1904 2 546 73 692 35 903 37 788 28.9 14.1 14.8 3,97
1905 2 574 73 082 38 598 34 484 28.4 15.0 13.4 3,87
1906 2 603 74 217 35 231 38 986 28.5 13.5 15.0 3,87
1907 2 635 74 324 37 275 37 049 28.2 14.1 14.1 3,81
1908 2 668 76 233 39 072 37 161 28.6 14.6 13.9 3,83
1909 2 702 76 301 35 837 40 464 28.2 13.3 15.0 3,78
1910 2 737 75 299 35 184 40 013 27.5 12.9 14.6 3,67
1911 2 770 73 933 37 236 36 697 26.7 13.4 13.2 3,60
1912 2 802 74 659 36 486 38 173 26.6 13.0 13.6 3,58
1913 2 833 72 475 35 364 37 111 25.6 12.5 13.1 3,43
1914 2 866 73 294 35 921 37 373 25.6 12.5 13.0 3,42
1915 2 901 70 192 37 174 33 018 24.2 12.8 11.4 3,23
1916 2 936 71 559 39 265 32 294 24.4 13.4 11.0 3,23
1917 2 972 70 306 39 224 31 082 23.7 13.2 10.5 3,11
1918 3 006 72 505 39 038 33 467 24.1 13.0 11.1 3,16
1919 3 041 68 722 39 590 29 132 22.6 13.0 9.6 2,96
1920 3 079 78 230 39 841 38 389 25.4 12.9 12.5 3,29
1921 3 283 78 815 36 215 42 600 24.0 11.0 13.0 3,11
1922 3 318 73 899 39 452 34 435 22.3 11.9 10.4 2,87
1923 3 352 74 827 37 903 36 924 22.3 11.3 11.0 2,85
1924 3 389 73 836 38 091 35 778 21.8 11.2 10.6 2,78
1925 3 425 71 897 37 083 34 814 21.0 10.8 10.2 2,66
1926 3 452 70 734 38 093 32 641 20.5 11.0 9.5 2,58
1927 3 475 68 024 40 190 27 834 19.6 11.6 8.0 2,44
1928 3 497 68 516 38 484 30 032 19.6 11.0 8.6 2,43
1929 3 518 65 297 39 486 25 913 18.6 11.2 7.4 2,30
1930 3 542 66 303 38 174 28 129 18.7 10.8 7.9 2,29
1931 3 569 64 266 40 578 23 688 18.0 11.4 6.6 2,20
1932 3 603 64 650 39 701 24 949 17.9 11.0 6.9 2,17
1933 3 633 62 780 38 287 24 493 17.3 10.5 6.7 2,10
1934 3 666 65 116 38 050 27 066 17.8 10.4 7.4 2,15
1935 3 695 65 223 40 816 24 407 17.7 11.0 6.6 2,12
1936 3 722 66 418 40 919 25 499 17.8 11.0 6.9 2,14
1937 3 749 67 440 40 442 26 998 18.0 10.8 7.2 2,16
1938 3 777 68 463 39 058 29 407 18.1 10.3 7.8 2,18
1939 3 805 67 914 38 535 29 379 17.8 10.1 7.7 2,16
1940 3 832 70 121 39 730 30 391 18.3 10.4 7.9 2,22
1941 3 863 71 306 39 756 31 550 18.5 10.3 8.2 2,24
1942 3 903 79 545 37 527 42 018 20.4 9.6 10.8 2,50
1943 3 949 84 319 37 982 46 337 21.4 9.6 11.7 2,65
1944 3 998 90 641 41 087 49 554 22.7 10.3 12.4 2,84
1945 4 045 95 062 42 298 52 764 23.5 10.5 13.0 2,98
1946 4 101 96 111 42 013 54 098 23.4 10.2 13.2 3,02
1947 4 146 91 714 40 043 51 671 22.1 9.7 12.5 2,90
1948 4 190 84 938 35 981 48 957 20.3 8.6 11.7 2,71
1949 4 230 79 919 37 793 42 126 18.9 8.9 10.0 2,58
1950 4 271 79 558 39 300 40 258 18.6 9.2 9.4 2,57
1951 4 304 76 559 37 960 38 599 17.8 8.8 9.0 2,50
1952 4 334 76 943 39 173 37 770 17.8 9.0 8.7 2,53
1953 4 369 78 261 39 350 38 911 17.9 9.0 8.9 2,60
1954 4 406 76 365 39 885 36 480 17.3 9.1 8.3 2,55
1955 4 439 76 845 38 789 38 056 17.3 8.7 8.6 2,58
1956 4 466 76 725 39 588 37 137 17.2 8.9 8.3 2,61
1957 4 488 75 264 41 730 33 534 16.8 9.3 7.5 2,57
1958 4 515 74 681 41 560 33 121 16.5 9.2 7.3 2,55
1959 4 547 73 928 42 159 31 769 16.3 9.3 7.0 2,52
1960 4 581 76 077 43 681 32 396 16.6 9.5 7.1 2,57
1961 4 610 76 439 43 310 33 129 16.6 9.4 7.2 2,55
1962 4 647 77 808 45 334 32 474 16.7 9.8 7.0 2,58
1963 4 684 82 413 45 773 36 640 17.6 9.8 7.8 2,64
1964 4 720 83 356 46 811 36 545 17.7 9.9 7.7 2,60
1965 4 758 85 796 47 884 37 912 18.0 10.1 8.0 2,61
1966 4 795 88 332 49 344 38 988 18.4 10.3 8.1 2,62
1967 4 836 81 410 47 836 33 574 16.8 9.9 6.9 2,35
1968 4 865 74 543 47 290 27 253 15.3 9.7 5.6 2,12
1969 4 891 71 298 47 943 23 355 14.6 9.8 4.8 2,00
1970 4 951 70 802 48 233 22 569 14.3 9.7 4.6 1,95
1971 4 963 75 359 48 858 26 501 15.2 9.8 5.3 2,04
1972 4 992 75 505 50 445 25 060 15.1 10.1 5.0 2,03
1973 5 022 71 895 50 526 21 369 14.3 10.1 4.3 1,92
1974 5 045 71 327 51 637 19 690 14.1 10.2 3.9 1,90
1975 5 060 72 071 50 895 21 176 14.2 10.1 4.1 1,92
1976 5 073 65 267 54 001 11 266 12.9 10.6 2.2 1,75
1977 5 088 61 878 50 485 11 393 12.2 9.9 2.2 1,66
1978 5 104 62 036 52 864 9 172 12.2 10.4 1.8 1,67
1979 5 117 59 464 54 654 4 810 11.6 10.7 0.9 1,60
1980 5 123 57 293 55 939 1 354 11.2 10.9 0.3 1,55
1981 5 122 53 089 56 359 -3 270 10.4 11.0 -0.6 1,44
1982 5 118 52 658 55 368 -2 710 10.3 10.8 -0.5 1,43
1983 5 114 50 822 57 156 -6 334 9.9 11.2 -1.2 1,38
1984 5 112 51 800 57 109 -5 309 10.1 11.2 -1.0 1,40
1985 5 114 53 749 58 378 -4 629 10.5 11.4 -0.9 1,45
1986 5 121 55 312 58 100 -2 788 10.8 11.3 -0.5 1,48
1987 5 127 56 221 58 136 -1 915 11.0 11.3 -0.4 1,51
1988 5 130 58 844 58 984 - 127 11.5 11.5 -0.0 1,56
1989 5 133 61 351 59 397 2 047 12.0 11.6 0.4 1,62
1990 5 140 63 433 60 926 2 545 12.3 11.9 0.5 1,67
1991 5 154 64 358 59 581 4 777 12.5 11.6 0.9 1,68
1992 5 170 67 726 60 821 6 905 13.1 11.8 1.3 1,76
1993 5 189 67 369 62 809 4 560 13.0 12.1 0.9 1,75
1994 5 205 69 666 61 099 8 567 13.4 11.7 1.6 1,81
1995 5 228 69 771 63 127 6 644 13.3 12.1 1.3 1,81
1996 5 262 67 638 61 043 6 595 12.9 11.6 1.3 1,75
1997 5 284 67 648 59 898 7 750 12.8 11.3 1.5 1,75
1998 5 301 66 174 58 453 7 721 12.5 11.0 1.5 1,72
1999 5 322 66 220 59 179 7 041 12.4 11.1 1.3 1,73
2000 5 340 67 084 57 998 9 086 12.6 10.9 1.7 1,77
2001 5 359 65 458 58 355 7 103 12.2 10.9 1.3 1,74
2002 5 375 64 075 58 610 5 465 11.9 10.9 1.0 1,72
2003 5 391 64 599 57 574 7 025 12.0 10.7 1.3 1,76
2004 5 405 64 609 55 086 9 523 12.0 10.2 1.8 1,78
2005 5 419 64 282 54 962 9 320 11.9 10.1 1.7 1,80
2006 5 437 64 984 55 477 9 507 12.0 10.2 1.7 1,85
2007 5 461 64 082 55 604 8 478 11.7 10.2 1.6 1,84
2008 5 494 65 038 54 591 10 447 11.8 9.9 1.9 1,89
2009 5 523 62 818 54 872 7 946 11.4 9.9 1.4 1,84
2010 5 548 63 411 54 368 9 043 11.4 9.8 1.6 1,87
2011 5 571 58 998 52 516 6 482 10.6 9.4 1.2 1,75
2012 5 591 57 916 52 325 5 591 10.4 9.4 1.0 1,73
2013 5 614 55 844 52 428 3 416 9.9 9.3 0.6 1,67

Religion[edit]

The Church of Denmark (Den danske folkekirke) is state-supported and, according to statistics from January 2006, accounts for about 80% of Denmark's religious affiliation. Denmark has had religious freedom guaranteed since 1849 by the Constitution,[9] and numerous other religions are officially recognised,[10] including several Christian denominations, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu and other congregations as well as Forn Siðr, a revival of Scandinavian pagan tradition.[10] The Department of Ecclesiastical Affairs recognizes roughly a hundred religious congregations for tax and legal purposes such as conducting wedding ceremonies.

For historical reasons, there is a formal distinction between 'approved' (godkendte) and 'recognised' (anerkendte) congregations of faith.[10] The latter include 11 traditional denominations, such as Roman Catholics, the Reformed Church, the Mosaic Congregation, Methodists and Baptists, some of whose privileges in the country date hundreds of years back. These have the additional rights of having priests appointed by royal resolution and to christen/name children with legal effect.

Demographic statistics[edit]

Population of Denmark, 1769-2006
Foreign population in Denmark, 2003, by source country
Trend of population in Denmark, divided by gender (blue for male, red for female) and ethnicity (dark for Danish ethnicity, bright for other ethnicity). Note that abscissa crosses ordinate at population=2,225,000.

Population[edit]

Denmark's population from 1769 to 2007.

Year Population Year Population
1769 797,584 1976 5,065,313
1787 841,806 1977 5,079,879
1801 929,001 1978 5,096,959
1834 1,230,964 1979 5,111,537
1840 1,289,075 1980 5,122,065
1845 1,356,877 1981 5,123,989
1850 1,414,648 1982 5,119,155
1855 1,507,222 1983 5,116,464
1860 1,608,362 1984 5,112,130
1870 1,784,741 1985 5,111,108
1880 1,969,039 1986 5,116,273
1890 2,172,380 1987 5,124,794
1901 2,449,540 1988 5,129,254
1906 2,588,919 1989 5,129,778
1911 2,757,076 1990 5,135,409
1916 2,921,362 1991 5,146,469
1921 3,267,831 1992 5,162,126
1925 3,434,555 1993 5,180,614
1930 3,550,656 1994 5,196,642
1935 3,706,349 1995 5,215,718
1940 3,844,312 1996 5,251,027
1945 4,045,232 1997 5,275,121
1950 4,281,275 1998 5,294,860
1955 4,448,401 1999 5,313,577
1960 4,585,256 2000 5,330,020
1965 4,767,597 2001 5,349,212
1970 4,937,579 2002 5,368,354
1971 4,950,598 2003 5,383,507
1972 4,975,653 2004 5,397,640
1973 5,007,538 2005 5,411,405
1974 5,036,184 2006 5,427,459
1975 5,054,410 2007 5,447,084
  • Source Statistics Denmark, "Folketal efter hovedlandsdele (summariske tal fra folketællinger)" (table FT) [1]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population:

  • 5,500,510 (July 2009 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 109

Age structure:

  • 0–14 years: 18.1% (male 511,882/female 485,782)
  • 15–64 years: 65.8% (male 1,817,800/female 1,798,964)
  • 65 years and over: 16.1% (male 387,142/female 498,940) (2009 est.)

Median age:

  • total: 40.5 years
  • male: 39.6 years
  • female: 41.3 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

  • 0.28% (2009 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 175

Net migration rate:

  • 2.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 32

Urbanization:

  • urban population: 87% of total population (2008)
  • rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

  • at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

  • total: 4.34 deaths/1,000 live births
  • country comparison to the world: 203
  • male: 4.39 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 4.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

  • total population: 78.3 years
  • country comparison to the world: 45
  • male: 75.96 years
  • female: 80.78 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

  • 1.88 children born/woman (2010 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 166

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

  • 0.2% (2007 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 104

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

  • 4,800 (2007 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 124

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

  • fewer than 100 (2003 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 129

Nationality:

  • noun: Dane(s)
  • adjective: Danish

Ethnic groups:

  • Scandinavian
  • Inuit
  • Faroese
  • German
  • Turkish
  • Iranian
  • Somali

Religions:

  • Evangelical Lutheran 95%
  • Other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%
  • Muslim 2%

Languages:

  • Danish
  • Faroese
  • Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect)
  • German (small minority)

Literacy:

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 99%
  • male: 99%
  • female: 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

  • total: 17 years
  • male: 16 years
  • female: 17 years (2006)

Education expenditures:

  • 8.3% of GDP (2005)
  • country comparison to the world: 12

See also[edit]

References[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2009 edition".

External links[edit]