Demographics of Fiji

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Fiji, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Indigenous Fijians, the native inhabitants of Fiji, are a mixture of Polynesian and Melanesian, resulting from the original migrations to the South Pacific many centuries ago. The Indo-Fijian population has grown rapidly from the 61,000 workers brought from India between 1879 and 1916 to work in the sugarcane fields, who later on ended up leasing/owning the sugar cane plantations. Thousands more Indians migrated voluntarily in the 1920s and 1930s and formed the core of Fiji's business class.

In 1977 The Economist reported that ethnic Fijians were a minority of 255,000, in a total population of 600,000 of which fully half were of Indian descent, with the remainder Chinese, European and of mixed ancestry.[1] Fiji shares with Kazakhstan the distinction of its indigenous ethnic group having been a minority in its own country in recent history but having since regained its majority, in both cases due to large-scale emigration of the non-indigenous population.

The native Fijians live throughout the country, while the Indo-Fijians reside primarily near the urban centers and in the cane-producing areas of the two main islands. Nearly all of the indigenous Fijians are Christian, with some two-thirds being Methodist. Some 77 percent of the Indo-Fijians are Hindu, with a further 16 percent being Muslim and 6 percent Christian. There are also a few Sikhs.

A national census is supposed to be conducted every ten years, but the census intended for 2006 was postponed until 2007. Finance Minister Ratu Jone Kubuabola announced on 27 October 2005 that the Cabinet had decided that it would not be in the country's interest to have a census and a general election in the same year. "Peoples’ focus on the elections could have an impact on their cooperation with census officials," he said. The Statistics Office supported Kubuabola's announcement, saying that public interest in the general election would likely distract people's attention from the census, making it problematic to conduct.

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the 2007 Census of Fiji, the number of Fijians increased from 393,575 to 475,739, while the number of Indians decreased from 338,818 to 313,798.[2] According to government statistics, the latest estimated population of Indigenous Fijians is counted at 511,838, while there are 290,129 Indians and 56,071 Others (January 2012).[3]

Population of Fiji according to ethnic group 1881-2007
Ethnic
group
census
04-04-1881
census
05-04-1891
census
31-03-1901
census
02-04-1911
census
24-04-1921
census
26-04-1936
census
02-10-1946
census
26-09-1956
census
12-09-1966
census
13-09-1976
census
31-08-1986
census
25-08-1996
census
16-09-2007
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
iTaukei (Fijians) 114,748 90.0 105,800 87.3 94,397 78.6 87,096 62.4 84,475 53.7 97,651 49.2 118,070 45.5 148,134 42.8 202,176 42.4 259,932 44.2 329,305 46.0 393,575 50.8 475,739 56.8
Indians 588 0.5 7,468 6.2 17,105 14.2 40,286 28.9 60,634 38.6 85,002 42.8 120,414 46.4 169,403 49.0 240,960 50.5 292,896 49.8 348,704 48.7 338,818 43.7 313,798 37.5
Part Europeans 771 0.6 1,076 0.9 1,516 1.3 2,401 1.7 2,781 1.8 4,574 2.3 6,142 2.4 7,810 2.3 9,687 2.0 10,276 1.7 10,297 1.4 11,685 1.5 10,771 1.3
Europeans 2,671 2.1 2,036 1.7 2,459 2.0 3,707 2.7 3,878 2.5 4,028 2.0 4,594 1.8 6,402 1.9 6,590 1.4 4,929 0.8 4,196 0.6 3,103 0.4 2,953 0.4
Chinese 8,708 6.8 4,800 4.0 4,647 3.9 305 0.2 910 0.6 1,751 0.9 2,874 1.1 4,155 1.2 5,419 1.1 4,652 0.8 4,784 0.7 4,939 0.7 4,704 0.6
Others 5,746 4.1 4,588 3.0 5,373 2.8 7,544 3.0 9,833 2.9 12,165 2.6 15,383 2.7 18,089 2.6 22,957 3.0 29,306 3.5
Total 127,486 121,180 120,124 139,541 157,266 198,379 259,638 345,737 476,727 588,068 715,375 775,077 837,271

Religions (1996 census)[edit]

Religion Indigenous Fijian Indo-Fijian Others TOTAL
393,575 % 338,818 % 42,684 % 775,077 %
Methodist 261,972 66.6 5,432 1.6 13,224 31.0 280,628 36.2
Roman Catholic 52,163 13.3 3,520 1.0 13,637 31.9 69,320 8.9
Assemblies of God 24,717 6.2 4,620 1.4 1,735 4.1 31,072 4.0
Seventh-day Adventist 19,896 5.1 572 0.2 1,719 4.0 22,187 2.9
Anglican 2,508 0.6 1,208 0.4 2,609 6.2 6,325 0.8
Jehovah's Witness 4,815 1.2 486 0.1 801 1.9 6,102 0.8
CMF (Every Home) 5,149 1.3 269 0.1 255 0.6 5,673 0.7
Latter Day Saints 2,253 0.6 633 0.2 589 1.4 3,475 0.4
Apostolic 2,237 0.6 250 0.1 106 0.2 2,593 0.3
Gospel 618 0.2 514 0.2 222 0.5 1,354 0.2
Baptist 695 0.2 382 0.1 219 0.5 1,296 0.2
Salvation Army 628 0.2 251 0.1 110 0.3 989 0.1
Presbyterian 105 0.0 90 0.0 188 0.4 383 0.0
Other Christian 12,624 3.2 2,492 0.7 2,969 7.0 18,085 2.3
All Christians 390,380 99.2 20,719 6.1 38,383 89.9 449,482 58.0
Sanatan 551 0.1 193,061 57.0 315 0.7 193,927 25.0
Arya Samaj 44 0.0 9,493 2.8 27 0.1 9,564 1.2
Kabir Panthi 43 0.0 73 0.0 2 0.0 118 0.0
Satya Sai Baba 7 0.0 52 0.0 1 0.0 60 0.0
Other Hindu 219 0.1 57,096 16.9 113 0.3 57,428 7.4
All Hindus 864 0.2 259,775 76.7 458 1.1 261,097 33.7
Sunni Islam 175 0.0 32,082 9.5 94 0.2 32,351 4.2
Ahmadiya 18 0.0 1,944 0.6 14 0.0 1,976 0.3
Other Muslim 131 0.0 19,727 5.8 138 0.3 19,996 2.6
All Muslims 324 0.1 53,753 15.9 246 0.6 54,323 7.0
Sikh 0 0.0 3,076 0.9 0 0.0 3,076 0.4
Bahá'í 389 0.1 25 0.0 149 0.3 563 0.1
Confucianism 8 0.0 21 0.0 336 0.8 365 0.0
Other religions 61 0.0 314 0.1 664 1.6 1,039 0.1
No religion† 1,549 0.4 1,135 0.3 2,448 5.7 5,132 0.7

† Includes atheists and agnostics.

Source: Fiji Statistics Department

As of the end of 2006 the LDS church reports 14,448 members in Fiji, which equal about 1.4% of the population. The LDS church also operates a temple in Fiji.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population: 827,900[4]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 33% (male 141,779; female 136,212)
15-64 years: 63% (male 263,127; female 262,686)
65 years and over: 4% (male 13,405; female 15,285) (2000 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.40% (2006 est.)

Birth rate: 23.48 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 5.78 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -3.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 14.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 estimate)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.94 years
male: 65.54 years
female: 70.45 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.89 children born/woman (2000 est.) 2.65 children born/woman (2010 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Fijian(s)
adjective: Fijian

Languages: English, Fijian, Hindustani have official status under the 1997 Constitution and Malayalam.

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.6%
male: 93.8%
female: 89.3% (1995 est.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Economist, Sept. 10, 1977, p. 76
  2. ^ http://www.statsfiji.gov.fj/
  3. ^ http://www.statsfiji.gov.fj/Key%20Stats/Population/1.2%20pop%20by%20ethnicity.pdf
  4. ^ Provisional results - 2007 Population and Housing Census - Fiji Government Online

External links[edit]