Demographics of Florida

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Florida Population Density Map

Florida is the fourth most populous of the states in the U.S.A. With a population of 18.8 million according to the 2010 census, Florida is the most populous state in the Southeastern United States, and the second most populous state in the South behind Texas. It contains the highest percentage of people over 65 (17.3%), and the 8th fewest people under 18 (21.9%).[1]

There are people from a variety of ethnic, racial, national, and religious backgrounds. The state has attracted a number of immigrants.[2]

Florida has a majority ethnic group, with approximately 65% considered White. There are a number of national communities in the state, particularly Cubans who migrated there during the past century to the southern end. Spanish is said to be the state's "second most spoken language", especially in Miami-Dade County area.

Racial Makeup[edit]

Demographics of Florida (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 82.45% 15.66% 0.75% 2.11% 0.16%
2000 (Hispanic only) 15.94% 0.74% 0.14% 0.09% 0.03%
2005 (total population) 81.47% 16.31% 0.84% 2.52% 0.18%
2005 (Hispanic only) 18.48% 0.87% 0.21% 0.11% 0.04%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 9.99% 15.93% 23.95% 33.09% 29.08%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 5.43% 15.23% 15.67% 32.55% 24.49%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 28.99% 29.93% 58.98% 45.89% 45.66%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

According to the 2005 census, the racial distributions are as follows; 60.1% White, 17% African-American, 2.1% Asian American, 1.4% others (American Indians), and the remaining 18% are Hispanics or Latino (of any ethnicity or national origin). Florida has one of the largest African-American populations in the country, but ranks the second highest Latino population in the East coast outside of New York state and Florida's Asian-American population has grown in high rates in the 1990s, the majority being ethnic Chinese, Filipinos and Vietnamese settled in the Gulf Coast. The state has a few federally recognized American Indian tribes, like the Seminoles in the southeastern part of the state.

Florida's Hispanic population includes large communities of Cuban Americans in Miami (mainly from refugees fleeing the Castro regime) and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in Tampa and Orlando, and Central American and Mexican in inland West-Central and South Florida, like the Lake Okeechobee area. The Hispanic community continues to grow more affluent and mobile: between the years of 2000 and 2004, Lee County in Southwest Florida, which is largely suburban in character, had the fastest Hispanic population growth rate of any county in the United States.

White people of all ethnicities are present in all areas of the state. Those of British and Irish ancestry are present in large numbers in all the urban/suburban areas across the state. There is a large German population in Southwest Florida, a large Greek population in the Tarpon Springs area, a sizable and historic Italian community in the Miami and Tampa area, aging Russian Jews established a community in Miami since the 1930s with a larger representation of American Jews living in Miami Beach, and Canadians both English and French speaking groups from Canada created a large retirement and "snowbird" community in Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach since the 1970s.[citation needed]

White Floridians of longer-present generations in the culturally southern areas (see Southeastern United States about their links to their Dixie/non-Yankee origins) of inland and northern Florida. Some native white Floridians, especially those who have descended from long-time Florida families, affectionately refer to themselves as "Florida crackers.," while others see it as a derogatory term akin to "redneck." Like all the other southern states, they descend mainly from Scots-Irish as well as some English or Welsh settlers, and even some evident French and Spanish heritage going back 300 to 400 years.

Languages[edit]

Top 10 Non-English Languages Spoken in Florida
Language Percentage of population
(as of 2010)[3]
Spanish 19.54%
French Creole 1.84%
French 0.60%
Portuguese 0.50%
German 0.42%
Tagalog, Vietnamese, and Italian (tied) 0.31%
Arabic 0.22%
Chinese 0.20%
Russian 0.18%
Polish 0.14%

As of 2010, 73.36% of Florida residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 19.54% spoke Spanish, 1.84% French Creole (almost entirely Haitian Creole), 0.60% French, and Portuguese was spoken by 0.50% of the population. In total, 26.64% of Florida's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[3]

Florida's public education system identified over 200 first languages other than English spoken in the homes of students.[4] In 1990, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) won a class action lawsuit against the state Florida Department of Education that required educators to be trained in teaching English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).[5]

Article II, Section 9, of the Florida Constitution provides that "English is the official language of the State of Florida." This provision was adopted in 1988 by a vote following an Initiative Petition.

Religion[edit]

Florida is mostly Protestant, but Roman Catholicism is the single largest denomination in the state. There is also a sizable Jewish community, located mainly in South Florida. Florida's current religious affiliations are shown in the table below:[6]

Veterans[edit]

There were 1.6 million veterans in Florida in 2010, representing 15% of the total population.[7] This is the second highest total in the United States.[8]

Mobility[edit]

In 2013, most net immigrants come from 1) New York, 2) New Jersey, 3) Pennsylvania, and 4) the Midwestern United States. Emigration is higher to these same states. For example, about 50,000 moved to New York; but more than 50,000 moved into Florida.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael B. Sauter; Douglas A. McIntyre (2011-05-10). "The States With The Oldest And Youngest Residents". wallst.com. 
  2. ^ State Population Facts - Florida
  3. ^ a b "Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  4. ^ MacDonald, Victoria M. (April 2004). "The Status of English Language Learners in Florida: Trends and Prospects". Education Policy Research Unit, Arizona State University. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ "League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) et al. vs. State Board of Education et al. Consent Decree". United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. August 14, 1990. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ U.S. Religion Map and Religious Populations - U.S. Religious Landscape Study - Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life
  7. ^ Moody, R. Norman (11 November 2010). "Service a way of life for one Navy family". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1A. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Fishkind, Hank (March 15, 2014). "Harsh winters make Florida attractive for visitors, moves". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 4A. Retrieved March 28, 2014.