Demographics of Greenland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Greenland, including population density, ethnicity, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

On 1 July 2014, Greenland had 56,295 inhabitants. This represents an increase of 13 over 1 January but a decrease of 188 over 1 July 2013.[1] The decrease in Greenland's population is due to emigration, as natural growth is positive.

Age structure[edit]

0–6 years: 5,605 (male 2,893 ; female 2,712)

7–14 years: 6,531 (male 3,316 ; female 3,215)

15–17 years: 2,462 (male 1,243 ; female 1,219)

18–24 years: 6,491 (male 3,293 ; female 3,198)

25–64 years: 31,128 (male 16,960 ; female 14,168)

65- years: 4,153 (male 2,133 ; female 2,020)[2]

Vital statistics[3][4][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate
1900 12 416 306 110 35.6 26.2 9.4
1901 12 461 301 160 38.7 25.3 13.4
1902 12 426 259 167 35.5 21.6 13.9
1903 12 428 327 101 35.1 26.8 8.3
1904 12 535 283 252 43.5 23.0 20.5
1905 13 487 292 195 39.0 23.4 15.6
1906 13 493 366 127 39.1 29.0 10.1
1907 13 476 362 114 37.2 28.3 8.9
1908 13 543 378 165 42.1 29.3 12.8
1909 13 564 448 116 43.1 34.2 8.9
1910 13 443 354 89 33.6 26.8 6.7
1911 13 577 562 15 43.1 41.9 1.1
1912 14 482 389 93 35.7 28.8 6.9
1913 14 592 390 202 43.5 28.7 14.9
1914 14 531 458 73 38.8 33.4 5.3
1915 14 545 428 117 39.8 31.2 8.5
1916 14 545 447 98 39.5 32.4 7.1
1917 14 547 312 235 39.4 22.4 16.9
1918 14 550 328 222 39.3 23.4 15.9
1919 14 510 614 - 104 36.2 43.5 -7.4
1920 14 569 429 140 40.1 30.2 9.9
1921 14 610 565 45 42.7 39.5 3.1
1922 15 545 396 149 37.3 27.1 10.2
1923 15 563 326 237 38.0 22.0 16.0
1924 15 580 426 154 38.4 28.2 10.2
1925 15 660 582 78 42.9 37.8 5.1
1926 16 619 340 279 39.7 21.8 17.9
1927 16 615 322 293 38.7 20.3 18.4
1928 16 680 366 314 42.0 22.6 19.4
1929 17 743 353 390 45.0 21.4 23.6
1930 17 768 383 385 45.7 22.8 22.9
1931 17 779 431 348 46.1 25.5 20.6
1932 17 728 625 103 43.3 37.1 6.2
1933 17 776 370 406 45.6 21.8 23.8
1934 17 807 503 304 46.4 28.9 17.5
1935 18 813 835 - 22 46.5 47.7 -1.3
1936 18 740 811 - 71 42.0 46.1 -4.0
1937 18 767 474 293 43.1 26.6 16.5
1938 18 731 375 356 40.4 20.7 19.7
1939 18 762 680 82 41.6 37.2 4.5
1940 19 873 356 517 46.9 19.1 27.8
1941 19 815 364 451 42.7 19.1 23.6
1942 20 904 448 456 46.1 22.9 23.3
1943 20 796 429 367 39.8 21.5 18.4
1944 20 911 491 420 44.7 24.1 20.6
1945 21 818 408 410 39.5 19.7 19.8
1946 21 920 416 504 43.6 19.7 23.9
1947 22 953 490 463 44.1 22.7 21.4
1948 22 883 499 384 40.5 22.9 17.6
1949 22 989 898 91 44.7 40.6 4.1
1950 23 1 129 539 590 50.0 23.8 26.1
1951 23 999 550 449 42.9 23.6 19.3
1952 24 1 034 475 559 43.1 19.8 23.3
1953 25 1 109 398 711 44.9 16.1 28.8
1954 26 1 136 388 748 44.4 15.2 29.2
1955 27 1 234 375 859 46.4 14.1 32.3
1956 27 1 293 351 942 47.2 12.8 34.4
1957 29 1 361 337 1 024 47.6 11.8 35.8
1958 30 1 410 290 1 120 47.2 9.7 37.5
1959 31 1 491 285 1 206 47.6 9.1 38.5
1960 33 1 586 256 1 330 48.6 7.8 40.7
1961 34 1 644 292 1 352 48.8 8.7 40.1
1962 35 1 610 361 1 249 46.1 10.3 35.8
1963 36 1 671 279 1 392 46.2 7.7 38.5
1964 38 1 797 329 1 468 47.4 8.7 38.7
1965 39 1 738 337 1 401 44.3 8.6 35.7
1966 41 1 781 329 1 452 43.5 8.0 35.5
1967 43 1 685 314 1 371 39.3 7.3 32.0
1968 45 1 576 333 1 243 35.3 7.4 27.8
1969 46 1 310 311 999 28.5 6.8 21.7
1970 46 1 144 283 861 24.7 6.1 18.6 2.66
1971 47 1 028 289 739 21.8 6.1 15.7
1972 48 948 295 653 19.6 6.1 13.5
1973 49 940 339 601 19.2 6.9 12.3
1974 50 866 332 534 17.5 6.7 10.8
1975 50 815 313 502 17.5 6.3 11.2 2.26
1976 50 859 348 511 17.3 7.0 10.3
1977 49 918 373 545 18.6 7.2 11.4
1978 49 870 309 561 17.7 6.4 11.3
1979 50 900 393 507 18.2 8.1 10.0
1980 50 1 034 380 654 20.5 7.6 12.8 2.18
1981 51 1 056 381 675 20.6 7.5 13.1
1982 52 1 052 408 644 20.6 8.2 12.4
1983 52 994 433 561 18.9 8.3 10.6
1984 53 1 054 439 615 20.0 8.3 11.7
1985 53 1 152 435 717 21.4 8.2 13.2 2.23
1986 54 1 055 445 610 19.7 8.3 11.4
1987 54 1 104 445 659 20.4 8.2 12.2
1988 55 1 213 432 781 22.1 7.9 14.3
1989 55 1 210 455 755 21.9 8.2 13.7
1990 56 1 258 467 791 22.6 8.4 14.2 2.47 34.8
1991 56 1 192 458 734 21.5 8.3 13.2 2.44 34.7
1992 55 1 237 441 796 22.4 8.0 14.4 2.61 14.7
1993 55 1 180 432 748 21.3 7.8 13.5 2.57 27.7
1994 56 1 139 445 694 20.5 8.0 12.5 2.53 24.0
1995 56 1 101 480 621 19.7 8.6 11.1 2.51 21.2
1996 56 1 051 444 607 18.8 8.0 10.9 2.48 23.0
1997 56 1 095 492 603 19.6 8.8 10.8 2.65 19.2
1998 56 980 457 523 17.5 8.1 9.3 2.44 20.0
1999 56 945 479 466 16.8 8.5 8.3 2.41 17.7
2000 56 879 450 429 15.6 8.0 7.6 2.32 19.0
2001 56 942 466 476 16.7 8.3 8.4 2.48 12.2
2002 57 954 446 508 16.9 7.9 9.0 2.54 15.3
2003 57 879 411 468 15.5 7.2 8.2 2.34 8.4
2004 57 892 479 413 15.7 8.4 7.3 2.40 15.0
2005 57 886 465 421 15.6 8.2 7.4 2.35 9.7
2006 57 842 440 402 14.8 7.7 7.1 2.24 16.7
2007 57 853 452 401 15.1 8.0 7.1 2.29 11.0
2008 56 834 428 406 14.8 7.6 7.2 2.24 9.9
2009 56 895 437 458 15.9 7.8 8.1 2.36 4.8
2010 57 869 510 359 15.4 9.0 6.4 2.26 8.1
2011 57 821 476 345 14.5 8.4 6.1 2.11 10.9
2012 57 786 453 333 13.9 8.0 5.9 1.99 9.0

Life expectancy at birth[edit]


total population: 71.25 years
male: 68.6 years
female: 74.04 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups[edit]

The population of Greenland consists of Greenlandic Inuit (including mixed-race persons), Greenlanic Danes, and other Europeans and North Americans. The Inuit population makes up approximately 85%-90% of the total (2009 est.).

Languages[edit]

The official languages of Greenland are Kalaallisut (or Greenlandic) and Danish.[5] The number of speakers of Kalaallisut is estimated at 50,000 (85-90% of the total population), divided in three main dialects, Kalaallisut (West-Greenlandic, 44,000 speakers and the dialect that is used as official language), Tunumiit (East-Greenlandic, 3,000 speakers) and Inuktun (North-Greenlandic, 800 speakers). The remainder of the population mainly speaks Danish; Greenlandic Sign Language is the language of the deaf community.

Religion[edit]

Most Greenlandic villages, including Nanortalik, have their own church.

The nomadic Inuit people were traditionally shamanistic, with a well-developed mythology primarily concerned with propitiating a vengeful and fingerless sea goddess who controlled the success of the seal and whale hunts.

The first Norse colonists were pagan, but Erik the Red's son Leif was converted to Catholic Christianity by King Olaf Trygvesson on a trip to Norway in 990 and sent missionaries back to Greenland. These swiftly established sixteen parishes, some monasteries, and a bishopric at Garðar.

Rediscovering these colonists and spreading the Protestant Reformation among them was one of the primary reasons for the Danish recolonization in the 18th century. Under the patronage of the Royal Mission College in Copenhagen, Norwegian and Danish Lutherans and German Moravian missionaries searched for the missing Norse settlements and began converting the Inuit. The principal figures in the Christianization of Greenland were Hans and Poul Egede and Matthias Stach. The New Testament was translated piecemeal from the time of the very first settlement on Kangeq Island, but the first translation of the whole Bible was not completed until 1900. An improved translation using the modern orthography was completed in 2000.[6]

Today, the major religion is Protestant Christianity, mostly members of the Lutheran Church of Denmark. While there is no official census data on religion in Greenland, the Lutheran Bishop of Greenland Sofie Petersen[7] estimates that 85% of the Greenlandic population are members of her congregation.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stat.gl/dialog/main.asp?lang=en&version=201403
  2. ^ http://www.stat.gl/publ/en/GF/2013/pdf/Greenland%20in%20Figures%202013.pdf
  3. ^ [1] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  4. ^ Statistics Greenland
  5. ^ Ethnolgue
  6. ^ Leif Kiil Sørensen (29 November 2000). "Grønlandsk bibel præsenteret | Kristeligt Dagblad". Kristeligt-dagblad.dk. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Bells ring a wake-up call for climate justice." World Council of Churches. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010
  8. ^ "Grønland, Grundloven og Gejstligheden" (PDF). Retrieved 30 April 2012.