Demographics of Hamburg

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Historical population
Year Pop.
950 500
1200 1,500
1430 16,000
1600 40,000
1650 60,000
1800 130,000
1840 136,956
1871 240,251
1900 705,738
1910 931,035
1925 1,079,126
1939 1,711,877
1946 1,403,300
1956 1,751,289
1961 1,832,346
1970 1,793,640
1975 1,717,383
1980 1,645,095
1985 1,579,884
1990 1,652,363
1995 1,707,901
2000 1,715,392
2005 1,743,627
Note:
Years 950–1800, source: estimated[1]
Years 1840–1961, source: census [1]
Years 1970–2006, source:[2]

The German city of Hamburg is the most populous city in the European Union which is not a national capital. The city contains an approximate 1.8 million people.

The figures since 1970 are published by the Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig Holstein, based on the information of several state authorities.[2]


Historic population data[edit]

Hamburg was by far the most populated German City after the Thirty Years' War.[3] Due to its fortifications(de), which had been finished 1625, the city was never conquered and many people fled into it.

Population[edit]

On December 31, 2006 there were 1,754,182 registered people living in Hamburg (up from 1,652,363 in 1990). The population density was 2,322/km2 (6,010/sq mi).[2]

There were 856,132 males and 898,050 females in Hamburg. For every 1,000 males there were 1,049 females. In 2006 there were 16,089 births in Hamburg, of which 33.1% were given by unmarried women, 6,921 marriages and 4,583 divorces. In 2006, 198 registered partnerships took place at the civil registration office (Standesamt). 40 partnerships were dissolved by court order since 2001.[4] In the city the population was spread out with 15.7% under the age of 18, and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older.[2] 257,060 resident aliens were living in Hamburg (14.8% of the population). The largest group are with only Turkish citizenship with 58,154 (22.6% of the resident aliens), followed by 20,743 with only Polish citizenship. 4,046 people were from the United Kingdom and 4,369 were from the United States.[2] According to GTZ, 22,000 immigrants living in Hamburg are from Afghanistan, thus forming the largest Afghan community in Germany and Europe.[5]

Demographics (German graphic)

After a descent of the population in the 1970s, Hamburg has constantly grown since 1999. Although the numbers of death are higher than the births given.

Households[edit]

Hamburg demographics
Hamburg Germanya[›] Europeb[›]
Total population 1,754,182 82,210,894 731,000,000
Population density 6,010/sq mi (2,320/km2) 596/sq mi (230/km2) 181/sq mi (70/km2)

In 1999 there were 910,304 households, out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 47.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.9.[6]

Quarters and boroughs[edit]

In 2008 Wandsbek was the most populous borough in Hamburg. Until February 2008 the Harburg borough was the second-most. Through the change of the borders in Hamburg,[7] the quarter Wilhelmsburg merged into Hamburg-Mitte, and Hamburg-Mitte became the second-most populous borough.

Sexual orientation[edit]

The Hamburg Institute for Sexual Research conducted a survey over the sexual behavior of young people in 1970, and repeated it in 1990. Whereas in 1970 18% of the boys aged 16 and 17 reported to have had at least one same-sex sexual experience, the number had dropped to 2% by 1990.[8] "Ever since homosexuality became publicly argued to be an innate sexual orientation, boys' fear of being seen as gay has, if anything, increased," the director of the institute, Volkmar Sigusch, suggested in a 1998 article for a German medical journal.[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ a: The total figures for area and population are taken from the Wikipedia site.
^ b: The total figures for area and population include only European portions of transcontinental countries. The precision of these figure is compromised by the ambiguous geographical extend of Europe and the lack of references for European portions of transcontinental countries.
^ c: The total figures include the island Neuwerk and people living on ships.
^ d: Only liveborn without later correction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wikipedia" ("2008"), Einwohnerentwicklung von Hamburg, Wikipedia (in German), retrieved 2008-08-20  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Statistical office Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Statistisches Jahrbuch 2007/2008, 2007, Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg ISSN 1614-8045
  3. ^ Hamburg 1650 60,000 inhabitants, Berlin 1648: 6,000, Cologne 1714 (see German page): 42,015 and Munich 1700: 24,000 in habitants
  4. ^ Senate of Hamburg (2007-02-07), Schriftliche Kleine Anfrage und Antwort des Senats 18/5735 (in German), Hamburg, Germany: Hamburgische Bürgerschaft, retrieved 2008-08-21 
  5. ^ GTZ - Migration and development: Afghans in Germany
  6. ^ Statistical office Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Regionalergebnisse Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (German) (Source: Residents registration office) Retrieved on June 16, 2008
  7. ^ Gesetz über die räumliche Gliederung der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (RäumGiG) "Act of the areal organisation", HmbGVBl. 2006 (in German) (Senate of Hamburg), 2006-07-06: 397 
  8. ^ Schmidt, Gunter (2001-03-17), Gibt es Heterosexualität? (Does homosexuality exist?) (reprint) (in German), Die tageszeitung, Lesbische und Schwule Basiskirche Basel, retrieved 2008-10-01 
  9. ^ Sigusch, Prof. Dr. med. Volkmar (1998-05-15), "Jugendsexualität - Veränderungen in den letzten Jahrzehnten" (reprint), Deutsches Ärzteblatt 95 (in German) (Deutscher Ärzte-Verlag) 20: A–1240, retrieved 2008-10-01, Seitdem die Homosexualität als eine eigene Sexualform öffentlich verhandelt wird, kommt die Befürchtung der Jungen hinzu, womöglich als "Schwuler" angesehen zu werden.