Islam by country

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World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Muslims constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a 2010 study and released January 2011,[1][2] Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[3][4][5]

Islam is the dominant religion in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Sahel,[1][6][7][8] and some parts of Asia.[9] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, India and Russia.[1][10] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[11]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[12] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.[13] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[1][14] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[15] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[1][14] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[1]

Countries[edit]

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[1][2]

Table[edit]

Country/Region[1] Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Afghanistan Afghanistan 018 !29,047,000 002 !99.8 018 !1.8
Albania Albania 060 !2,601,000 039 !82.1 060 !0.2 1,587,608 (official census)[16] 38.8%[17][18] 56.7%[16]
Algeria Algeria 014 !34,780,000 018 !98.2 014 !2.1
American Samoa American Samoa 210 !< 1,000 192 !< 0.1 210 !< 0.1
Andorra Andorra 174 !1,000 128 !1.1 174 !< 0.1
Angola Angola 111 !195,000 131 !1.0 111 !< 0.1
Anguilla Anguilla 192 !< 1,000 154 !0.3 192 !< 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 189 !< 1,000 144 !0.6 189 !< 0.1
Argentina Argentina 078 !1,000,000 112 !2.5 078 !0.1
Armenia Armenia 177 !1,000 193 !< 0.1 177 !< 0.1
Aruba Aruba 191 !< 1,000 148 !0.4 191 !< 0.1
Australia Australia 099 !399,000 117 !1.9 099 !< 0.1 476,291 (official census)[19] 2.2%[19]
Austria Austria 094 !475,000 091 !5.7 094 !< 0.1 400-500,000[20] ~6.0%[21]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 035 !8,795,000 014 !98.4 035 !0.5
The Bahamas Bahamas 201 !< 1,000 171 !0.1 201 !< 0.1
Bahrain Bahrain 089 !655,000 040 !81.2 089 !< 0.1 866,888 (official census)[22] 70.2%[22]
Bangladesh Bangladesh 008 !148,607,000 033 !90.4 008 !9.2
Barbados Barbados 161 !2,000 133 !0.9 161 !< 0.1
Belarus Belarus 144 !19,000 161 !0.2 144 !< 0.1
Belgium Belgium 090 !638,000 087 !6.0 090 !< 0.1 628,751[23] 6.0%[23]
Belize Belize 202 !< 1,000 172 !0.1 202 !< 0.1
Benin Benin 064 !2,259,000 061 !24.5 064 !0.1
Bermuda Bermuda 187 !< 1,000 139 !0.8 187 !< 0.1
Bhutan Bhutan 153 !7,000 132 !1.0 153 !< 0.1
Bolivia Bolivia 166 !2,000 194 !< 0.1 167 !< 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 072 !1,564,000 053 !41.6 072 !0.1 45%[24]
Botswana Botswana 151 !8,000 149 !0.4 151 !< 0.1
Brazil Brazil 108 !204,000 173 !0.1 108 !< 0.1 35,167 (official census)[25] 0.03%[25]
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands 185 !< 1,000 127 !1.2 185 !< 0.1
Brunei Brunei 107 !211,000 050 !51.9 107 !< 0.1 67%[26]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 077 !1,002,000 073 !13.4 077 !0.1 577,139 (official census)[27] 10%[27]
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 032 !9,600,000 047 !58.9 032 !0.6 60.5%[28]
Burma Burma (Myanmar) 068 !1,900,000 106 !3.8 068 !0.1
Burundi Burundi 114 !184,000 116 !2.2 114 !< 0.1
Cambodia Cambodia 103 !240,000 121 !1.6 103 !< 0.1
Cameroon Cameroon 054 !3,598,000 066 !18.0 054 !0.2 20.9%[29]
Canada Canada 080 !940,000 109 !2.8 080 !0.1 1,053,945 (official census)[30] 1.9%,[31] 3.2%[30]
Cape Verde Cape Verde 203 !< 1,000 174 !0.1 203 !< 0.1
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands 195 !< 1,000 162 !0.2 195 !< 0.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic 098 !403,000 081 !8.9 098 !< 0.1 15%[32][33]
Chad Chad 039 !6,404,000 049 !55.7 039 !0.4
Chile Chile 155 !4,000 195 !< 0.1 155 !< 0.1 2,894 (official census)[34] 0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[34]
China China 023 !23,308,000 118 !1.8 023 !1.4 50,000,000[35]
Colombia Colombia 146 !14,000 196 !< 0.1 146 !< 0.1 40,000 to 80,000[36]
Comoros Comoros 088 !679,000 017 !98.3 088 !< 0.1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo 079 !969,000 124 !1.4 079 !0.1
Cook Islands Cook Islands 211 !< 1,000 197 !< 0.1 211 !< 0.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica 212 !< 1,000 198 !< 0.1 212 !< 0.1
Croatia Croatia 131 !56,000 125 !1.3 131 !< 0.1
Cuba Cuba 149 !10,000 176 !0.1 149 !< 0.1
Cyprus Cyprus 109 !200,000 064 !22.7 109 !< 0.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic 156 !4,000 199 !< 0.1 156 !< 0.1
Denmark Denmark 104 !226,000 103 !4.1 104 !< 0.1 210,000[37] 3.7%[37]
Djibouti Djibouti 082 !853,000 021 !97.0 082 !0.1
Dominica Dominica 196 !< 1,000 163 !0.2 196 !< 0.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 167 !2,000 200 !< 0.1 168 !< 0.1
Ecuador Ecuador 168 !2,000 201 !< 0.1 169 !< 0.1
Egypt Egypt 009 !80,024,000 027 !94.7 009 !4.9 91%[38]
El Salvador El Salvador 169 !2,000 202 !< 0.1 170 !< 0.1
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 139 !28,000 104 !4.1 139 !< 0.1
Eritrea Eritrea 067 !1,909,000 055 !36.5 067 !0.1 50%[39]
Estonia Estonia 164 !2,000 177 !0.1 165 !< 0.1 1,400[40]
Ethiopia Ethiopia 019 !28,721,000 057 !33.8 019 !1.8 25,037,646[41] 34%
Faroe Islands Faeroe Islands 213 !< 1,000 203 !< 0.1 213 !< 0.1
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 214 !< 1,000 204 !< 0.1 214 !< 0.1
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia 215 !< 1,000 205 !< 0.1 215 !< 0.1
Fiji Fiji 133 !54,000 086 !6.3 133 !< 0.1
Finland Finland 136 !42,000 140 !0.8 136 !< 0.1
France France 047 !4,704,000 083 !7.5 047 !0.3 8%-10%[42]
French Guiana French Guiana 162 !2,000 134 !0.9 162 !< 0.1
French Polynesia French Polynesia 216 !< 1,000 206 !< 0.1 216 !< 0.1
Gabon Gabon 116 !145,000 080 !9.7 116 !< 0.1
The Gambia Gambia 070 !1,669,000 026 !95.3 070 !0.1
Georgia (country) Georgia 096 !442,000 079 !10.5 096 !< 0.1
Germany Germany 050 !4,119,000 095 !5.0 050 !0.3 4,300,000[43] 5,4%[43]
Ghana Ghana 053 !3,906,000 069 !16.1 053 !0.2
Gibraltar Gibraltar 173 !1,000 105 !4.0 173 !< 0.1
Greece Greece 092 !527,000 098 !4.7 092 !< 0.1
Greenland Greenland 217 !< 1,000 207 !< 0.1 217 !< 0.1
Grenada Grenada 193 !< 1,000 155 !0.3 193 !< 0.1
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 163 !2,000 150 !0.4 163 !< 0.1
Guam Guam 218 !< 1,000 208 !< 0.1 218 !< 0.1
Guatemala Guatemala 178 !1,000 209 !< 0.1 178 !< 0.1
Guinea Guinea 036 !8,693,000 038 !84.2 036 !0.5
Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau 087 !705,000 052 !42.8 087 !< 0.1 50%[44]
Guyana Guyana 132 !55,000 084 !7.2 132 !< 0.1
Haiti Haiti 170 !2,000 210 !< 0.1 171 !< 0.1
Honduras Honduras 147 !11,000 178 !0.1 148 !< 0.1
Hong Kong Hong Kong 123 !91,000 126 !1.3 123 !< 0.1
Hungary Hungary 140 !25,000 156 !0.3 140 !< 0.1 5,579 (official census)[45]
Iceland Iceland 205 !< 1,000 179 !0.1 205 !< 0.1 770[46] 0.24%[46]
India India 007 !177,286,000 072 !14.6 007 !10.9 22%[44]
Indonesia Indonesia 005 !204,847,000 038 !88.1 005 !12.7
Iran Iran 011 !74,819,000 004 !99.7 011 !4.6
Iraq Iraq 016 !31,108,000 009 !98.9 016 !1.9
Republic of Ireland Ireland 135 !43,000 135 !0.9 135 !< 0.1
Isle of Man Isle of Man 197 !< 1,000 164 !0.2 197 !< 0.1
Israel Israel 073 !1,287,000 067 !17.7 073 !0.1
Italy Italy 071 !1,583,000 111 !2.6 071 !0.1 825,000[21] 1.4%[21]
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 037 !7,960,000 054 !36.9 037 !0.5 40%[47][48][49]
Jamaica Jamaica 179 !1,000 211 !< 0.1 179 !< 0.1
Japan Japan 113 !185,000 180 !0.1 113 !< 0.1
Jordan Jordan 040 !6,397,000 010 !98.8 040 !0.4
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 034 !8,887,000 048 !56.4 034 !0.5 70.2% (official census)[50]
Kenya Kenya 058 !2,868,000 085 !7.0 058 !0.2 10%[51]
Kiribati Kiribati 219 !< 1,000 212 !< 0.1 219 !< 0.1
Kosovo Kosovo 065 !2,104,000 031 !91.7 065 !0.1 1,584,000[52]
Kuwait Kuwait 059 !2,636,000 037 !86.4 059 !0.2
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 044 !4,927,000 034 !88.8 044 !0.3
Laos Laos 180 !1,000 213 !< 0.1 180 !< 0.1
Latvia Latvia 165 !2,000 181 !0.1 166 !< 0.1
Lebanon Lebanon 063 !2,542,000 046 !59.7 063 !0.2
Lesotho Lesotho 181 !1,000 214 !< 0.1 181 !< 0.1
Liberia Liberia 093 !523,000 074 !12.8 093 !< 0.1
Libya Libya 041 !6,325,000 022 !96.6 041 !0.4
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 159 !2,000 097 !4.8 159 !< 0.1
Lithuania Lithuania 157 !3,000 182 !0.1 157 !< 0.1
Luxembourg Luxembourg 148 !11,000 114 !2.3 147 !< 0.1
Macau Macau 220 !< 1,000 215 !< 0.1 220 !< 0.1
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 086 !713,000 056 !34.9 086 !< 0.1
Madagascar Madagascar 105 !220,000 129 !1.1 105 !< 0.1 7%[53]
Malawi Malawi 066 !2,011,000 075 !12.8 066 !0.1
Malaysia Malaysia 025 !17,139,000 045 !61.4 025 !1.1
Maldives Maldives 101 !309,000 015 !100 101 !
Mali Mali 030 !12,316,000 030 !92.4 030 !0.8
Malta Malta 175 !1,000 157 !0.3 175 !< 0.1
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands 221 !< 1,000 216 !< 0.1 221 !< 0.1
Martinique Martinique 198 !< 1,000 165 !0.2 198 !< 0.1
Mauritania Mauritania 056 !3,338,000 006 !99.2 056 !0.2
Mauritius Mauritius 106 !216,000 068 !16.6 106 !< 0.1
Mayotte Mayotte 110 !197,000 011 !98.8 110 !< 0.1
Mexico Mexico 120 !111,000 183 !0.1 120 !< 0.1 3,700 (official census)[54]
Moldova Moldova 145 !15,000 151 !0.4 145 !< 0.1
Monaco Monaco 190 !< 1,000 147 !0.5 190 !< 0.1
Mongolia Mongolia 118 !120,000 100 !4.4 118 !< 0.1
Montenegro Montenegro 119 !116,000 065 !18.5 119 !< 0.1 118,477 [55] 19.11% [55]
Montserrat Montserrat 206 !< 1,000 184 !0.1 206 !< 0.1
Morocco Morocco 015 !32,381,000 001 !99.9 015 !2.0 99%[56]
Mozambique Mozambique 042 !5,340,000 063 !22.8 042 !0.3
Namibia Namibia 150 !9,000 152 !0.4 150 !< 0.1
Nauru Nauru 222 !< 1,000 217 !< 0.1 222 !< 0.1
Nepal Nepal 074 !1,253,000 101 !4.2 074 !0.1
Netherlands Netherlands 081 !914,000 093 !5.5 081 !0.1 5.8%[57]
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 199 !< 1,000 166 !0.2 199 !< 0.1
New Caledonia New Caledonia 152 !7,000 110 !2.8 152 !< 0.1
New Zealand New Zealand 137 !41,000 136 !0.9 137 !< 0.1
Nicaragua Nicaragua 182 !1,000 218 !< 0.1 182 !< 0.1
Niger Niger 027 !15,627,000 016 !98.3 027 !1.0
Nigeria Nigeria 010 !75,728,000 051 !47.9 010 !4.7 010 !85,000,000 010 !50%[58]
Niue Niue 223 !< 1,000 219 !< 0.1 223 !< 0.1
North Korea North Korea 158 !3,000 220 !< 0.1 158 !< 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 188 !< 1,000 142 !0.7 188 !< 0.1
Norway Norway 117 !144,000 108 !3.0 117 !< 0.1 163,180 in 2008[59]
Oman Oman 062 !2,547,000 036 !87.7 062 !0.2
Pakistan Pakistan 006 !178,097,000 024 !96.4 006 !11.0
Palau Palau 224 !< 1,000 221 !< 0.1 224 !< 0.1
State of Palestine Palestine 048 !4,298,000 019 !97.5 048 !0.3 3,500,000 99.3% (Gaza Strip),[60] 75% (West Bank)[61]
Panama Panama 141 !25,000 143 !0.7 141 !< 0.1
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 171 !2,000 222 !< 0.1 172 !< 0.1
Paraguay Paraguay 183 !1,000 223 !< 0.1 183 !< 0.1
Peru Peru 225 !< 1,000 224 !< 0.1 225 !< 0.1
Philippines Philippines 046 !4,737,000 094 !5.1 046 !0.3 10,300,000 (2012)[62] 5% (2000) to 11% (2012)[62]
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands 226 !< 1,000 225 !< 0.1 226 !< 0.1
Poland Poland 143 !20,000 185 !0.1 143 !< 0.1
Portugal Portugal 128 !65,000 145 !0.6 128 !< 0.1
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 184 !1,000 226 !< 0.1 184 !< 0.1
Qatar Qatar 075 !1,168,000 041 !77.5 075 !0.1
Republic of the Congo Republic of Congo 129 !60,000 122 !1.6 129 !< 0.1
Réunion Reunion 138 !35,000 102 !4.2 138 !< 0.1
Romania Romania 127 !73,000 158 !0.3 127 !< 0.1
Russia Russia 026 !16,379,000 078 !11.7 026 !1.0 15%[63]
Rwanda Rwanda 112 !188,000 119 !1.8 112 !< 0.1
Saint Helena St. Helena 227 !< 1,000 227 !< 0.1 227 !< 0.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 194 !< 1,000 159 !0.3 194 !< 0.1
Saint Lucia St. Lucia 207 !< 1,000 186 !0.1 207 !< 0.1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon 200 !< 1,000 167 !0.2 200 !< 0.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent and the Grenadines 160 !2,000 120 !1.7 160 !< 0.1
Samoa Samoa 228 !< 1,000 228 !< 0.1 228 !< 0.1
San Marino San Marino 229 !< 1,000 229 !< 0.1 229 !< 0.1
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 230 !< 1,000 230 !< 0.1 230 !< 0.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 021 !25,493,000 020 !97.1 021 !1.6
Senegal Senegal 029 !12,333,000 025 !95.9 029 !0.8
Serbia Serbia 102 !280,000 107 !3.7 102 !< 0.1
Seychelles Seychelles 186 !< 1,000 130 !1.1 186 !< 0.1
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 049 !4,171,000 043 !71.5 049 !0.3
Singapore Singapore 085 !721,000 071 !14.9 085 !< 0.1
Slovakia Slovakia 154 !4,000 187 !0.1 154 !< 0.1
Slovenia Slovenia 134 !49,000 113 !2.4 134 !< 0.1
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 231 !< 1,000 231 !< 0.1 231 !< 0.1
Somalia Somalia 033 !9,231,000 013 !98.6 033 !0.6 99.9%[64][65][66][67][68]
South Africa South Africa 084 !737,000 123 !1.5 084 !< 0.1
South Korea South Korea 126 !75,000 168 !0.2 126 !< 0.1
South Sudan South Sudan
Spain Spain 076 !1,021,000 115 !2.3 076 !0.1 1,000,000[21] 2.3%[21]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 069 !1,725,000 082 !8.5 069 !0.1 1,967,227 (official census)[69] 9.71[69]
Sudan Sudan 017 !30,855,000 044 !71.4[Note 1] 017 !1.9 97.0% (only the Republic of Sudan)[70]
Suriname Suriname 124 !84,000 070 !15.9 124 !< 0.1 19.6%[71]
Swaziland Swaziland 172 !2,000 169 !0.2 164 !< 0.1
Sweden Sweden 095 !451,000 096 !4.9 095 !< 0.1 450-500,000[72] ~5%[72]
Switzerland Switzerland 097 !433,000 092 !5.7 097 !< 0.1 400,000[73] 5%[73]
Syria Syria 024 !20,895,000 029 !92.8 024 !1.3
Taiwan Taiwan 142 !23,000 188 !0.1 142 !< 0.1 60,000[74] 0.3%[75]
Tajikistan Tajikistan 038 !7,006,000 008 !99.0 038 !0.4
Tanzania Tanzania 028 !13,450,000 058 !29.9 028 !0.8 35%[76]
Thailand Thailand 052 !3,952,000 089 !5.8 052 !0.2
East Timor Timor-Leste 176 !1,000 189 !0.1 176 !< 0.1
Togo Togo 083 !827,000 076 !12.2 083 !0.1 20%[77]
Tokelau Tokelau 232 !< 1,000 232 !< 0.1 232 !< 0.1
Tonga Tonga 233 !< 1,000 233 !< 0.1 233 !< 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 125 !78,000 090 !5.8 125 !< 0.1
Tunisia Tunisia 031 !10,349,000 003 !99.8 031 !0.6
Turkey Turkey 012 !74,660,000 012 !98.6 012 !4.6
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 045 !4,830,000 028 !93.3 045 !0.3
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands 234 !< 1,000 234 !< 0.1 234 !< 0.1
Tuvalu Tuvalu 208 !< 1,000 190 !0.1 208 !< 0.1
Uganda Uganda 051 !4,060,000 077 !12.0 051 !0.3
Ukraine Ukraine 100 !393,000 137 !0.9 100 !< 0.1 2,000,000[78]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 055 !3,577,000 042 !76.0 055 !0.2
United Kingdom United Kingdom 057 !2,869,000 099 !4.6 057 !0.2 2,422,000[79] 2.4%[21]
United States United States 061 !2,595,000 141 !0.8 061 !0.2 6,000,000-7,000,000[80]
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 209 !< 1,000 191 !0.1 209 !< 0.1
Uruguay Uruguay 235 !< 1,000 235 !< 0.1 235 !< 0.1
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 020 !26,833,000 023 !96.5 020 !1.7
Vanuatu Vanuatu 236 !< 1,000 236 !< 0.1 236 !< 0.1
Vatican City Vatican City 237 !0 237 !0 237 !0
Venezuela Venezuela 122 !95,000 160 !0.3 122 !< 0.1
Vietnam Vietnam 115 !160,000 170 !0.2 115 !< 0.1 71,200[81]
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna 238 !< 1,000 238 !< 0.1 238 !< 0.1
Western Sahara Western Sahara 091 !528,000 005 !99.6 091 !< 0.1
Yemen Yemen 022 !24,023,000 007 !99.0 022 !1.5
Zambia Zambia 130 !59,000 153 !0.4 130 !< 0.1
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 121 !109,000 138 !0.9 121 !< 0.1
Zj !South & Southeast Asia 002 !1,005,507,000 060 !24.8 002 !62.1
Zk !Middle East-North Africa 003 !321,869,000 032 !91.2 003 !19.9
Zl !Sub-Saharan Africa 004 !242,544,000 059 !29.6 004 !15.0
Zm !Europe 013 !44,138,000 088 !6.0 013 !2.7
Zn !Americas 043 !5,256,000 146 !0.6 043 !0.3
Zo !World Total 001 !1,619,314,000 062 !23.4 001 !100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See also[edit]

Other religions by country

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Preface, The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center) 
  3. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Turmoil in the world of Islam
  6. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  9. ^ Britannica[dead link], Think Quest, Wadsworth.com
  10. ^ Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  11. ^ See:
  12. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  15. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  16. ^ a b Albanian census 2011
  17. ^ "Albania". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  18. ^ "Religious Freedom-Albania". The Religious Freedom Page. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  20. ^ How many Muslims live in Austria?
  21. ^ a b c d e f "Muslims in Europe: Country guide". BBC News. 2005-12-23. 
  22. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  23. ^ a b In België wonen 628.751 moslims
  24. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Bosnia and Herzegovina
  25. ^ a b [1] Census 2010
  26. ^ The Word Factbook - Brunei
  27. ^ a b Census 2011
  28. ^ The Word Factbook - Burkina Faso
  29. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]