Demographics of Jamaica

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Jamaica, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

According to the 2012 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 2,741,000 in 2010, compared to only 1,403,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 29%, 63.1% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 7.8% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 1 403 36.0 60.1 3.9
1955 1 542 37.1 58.8 4.1
1960 1 629 41.7 54.0 4.3
1965 1 760 43.4 51.2 5.4
1970 1 869 47.0 47.5 5.6
1975 2 012 45.2 49.0 5.8
1980 2 132 40.3 53.0 6.7
1985 2 297 37.3 55.8 6.9
1990 2 365 35.2 57.6 7.3
1995 2 462 33.9 58.8 7.2
2000 2 582 32.7 59.9 7.5
2005 2 682 31.1 61.2 7.7
2010 2 741 29.0 63.1 7.8

Vital statistics[2][3][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1900 750 26 800 16 200 10 600 35.7 21.6 14.1
1901 756 32 100 17 200 14 900 42.5 22.8 19.7
1902 760 29 900 15 000 14 900 39.3 19.8 19.5
1903 770 30 900 19 100 11 800 40.1 24.8 15.3
1904 780 28 500 19 400 9 100 36.5 24.9 11.6
1905 790 31 100 17 500 13 600 39.4 22.2 17.2
1906 790 30 700 21 200 9 500 38.9 26.8 12.1
1907 800 28 800 23 400 5 400 36.0 29.2 6.8
1908 810 31 300 18 700 12 600 38.7 23.1 15.6
1909 820 32 300 18 600 13 700 39.4 22.7 16.7
1910 820 31 600 18 900 12 700 38.5 23.1 15.4
1911 831 32 500 18 500 14 000 39.1 22.3 16.8
1912 830 32 500 21 100 11 400 39.2 25.4 13.8
1913 840 30 200 18 600 11 600 36.0 22.1 13.9
1914 840 33 400 18 400 15 000 39.8 21.9 17.9
1915 840 29 800 18 600 11 200 35.5 22.1 13.4
1916 840 28 700 19 400 9 300 34.2 23.1 11.1
1917 850 29 900 23 600 6 300 35.2 27.8 7.4
1918 850 30 100 29 100 1 000 35.4 34.2 1.2
1919 850 29 700 19 500 10 200 34.9 22.9 12.0
1920 860 36 200 22 500 13 700 42.1 26.2 15.9
1921 858 29 900 24 300 5 600 34.9 28.3 6.6
1922 870 32 500 20 000 12 500 37.4 23.0 14.4
1923 890 34 400 20 500 13 900 38.7 23.0 15.7
1924 910 33 700 19 900 13 800 37.0 21.9 15.1
1925 930 32 500 20 100 12 400 34.9 21.6 13.3
1926 950 36 500 19 500 17 000 38.4 20.5 17.9
1927 960 33 300 20 300 13 000 34.7 21.1 13.6
1928 980 35 100 19 300 15 800 35.8 19.7 16.1
1929 1 000 34 200 18 400 15 800 34.2 18.4 15.8
1930 1 020 38 300 17 600 20 700 37.5 17.3 20.2
1931 1 030 36 400 19 500 16 900 35.3 18.9 16.4
1932 1 047 34 200 18 200 16 000 32.7 17.4 15.3
1933 1 067 35 600 21 000 14 600 33.4 19.7 13.7
1934 1 081 34 247 18 731 15 516 31.7 17.3 14.4
1935 1 096 37 379 19 706 17 673 34.1 18.0 16.1
1936 1 111 36 561 19 629 16 932 32.9 17.7 15.2
1937 1 123 35 352 17 481 17 871 31.5 15.6 15.9
1938 1 142 37 970 19 124 18 846 33.3 16.8 16.5
1939 1 162 37 474 17 536 19 938 32.3 15.1 17.2
1940 1 183 36 462 18 243 18 219 30.8 15.4 15.4
1941 1 205 37 829 17 317 20 512 31.4 14.4 17.0
1942 1 227 40 165 17 545 22 620 32.7 14.3 18.4
1943 1 248 39 371 17 558 21 813 31.5 14.1 17.4
1944 1 260 41 772 18 976 22 796 33.2 15.1 18.1
1945 1 266 37 954 18 874 19 080 30.0 14.9 15.1
1946 1 292 39 918 17 272 22 646 30.9 13.4 17.5
1947 1 321 43 267 18 770 24 497 32.8 14.2 18.5
1948 1 345 41 463 17 869 23 594 30.8 13.3 17.5
1949 1 365 44 377 16 859 27 518 32.5 12.4 20.2
1950 1 403 46 459 16 677 29 782 33.1 11.9 21.2
1951 1 437 48 561 17 250 31 311 34.0 12.1 21.9
1952 1 468 48 902 16 695 32 207 33.6 11.5 22.1
1953 1 496 51 131 15 442 35 689 34.4 10.4 24.0
1954 1 521 53 630 16 302 37 328 36.5 11.1 25.4
1955 1 542 55 767 15 328 40 439 37.5 10.3 27.2
1956 1 560 58 177 14 670 43 507 38.5 9.7 28.8
1957 1 576 60 445 14 129 46 316 39.4 9.2 30.2
1958 1 592 63 517 14 813 48 704 40.6 9.5 31.1
1959 1 609 63 874 16 549 47 325 39.9 10.3 29.6
1960 1 629 68 413 14 321 54 092 42.5 8.9 33.6
1961 1 652 66 128 14 193 51 935 40.5 8.7 31.8
1962 1 679 64 913 14 167 50 746 39.1 8.5 30.6
1963 1 707 66 189 15 159 51 030 39.0 8.9 30.1
1964 1 735 68 359 13 267 55 092 39.3 7.6 31.7
1965 1 760 69 768 14 084 55 684 39.6 8.0 31.6
1966 1 783 71 364 14 288 57 076 40.0 8.0 32.0
1967 1 804 67 438 13 295 54 143 37.4 7.4 30.0
1968 1 824 65 402 14 557 50 845 35.9 8.0 27.9
1969 1 845 64 668 14 094 50 574 35.1 7.6 27.4
1970 1 869 64 375 14 352 50 023 34.4 7.7 26.8
1971 1 896 66 277 14 078 52 199 34.9 7.4 27.5
1972 1 925 66 219 13 970 52 249 34.3 7.2 27.1
1973 1 955 61 857 14 157 47 700 31.6 7.2 24.3
1974 1 984 61 506 14 374 47 132 30.9 7.2 23.7
1975 2 012 61 462 14 004 47 458 30.3 6.9 23.4
1976 2 037 60 658 14 671 45 987 29.6 7.2 22.4
1977 2 059 60 423 14 245 46 178 29.1 6.9 22.3
1978 2 081 58 189 12 148 46 041 27.9 5.8 22.1
1979 2 105 59 126 13 297 45 829 28.0 6.3 21.7
1980 2 132 58 589 12 706 45 883 27.5 6.0 21.5
1981 2 165 59 435 13 315 46 120 27.5 6.2 21.3
1982 2 200 61 477 12 698 48 779 27.9 5.8 22.2
1983 2 237 61 417 12 588 48 829 27.4 5.6 21.8
1984 2 270 57 533 13 405 44 128 25.2 5.9 19.4
1985 2 297 56 210 13 918 42 292 24.3 6.0 18.3
1986 2 317 54 067 13 341 40 726 23.1 5.7 17.4
1987 2 332 52 270 12 352 39 918 22.2 5.3 17.0
1988 2 342 53 623 12 167 41 456 22.7 5.2 17.6
1989 2 353 59 104 14 315 44 789 24.7 6.0 18.7
1990 2 365 59 606 12 174 47 432 25.2 5.1 20.1
1991 2 381 59 879 13 319 46 560 25.2 5.6 19.6
1992 2 399 56 276 13 225 43 051 23.5 5.5 17.9
1993 2 419 58 627 13 927 44 700 24.2 5.8 18.5
1994 2 440 57 404 13 503 43 901 23.5 5.5 18.0
1995 2 462 57 607 12 776 44 831 23.4 5.2 18.2
1996 2 485 57 370 14 854 42 516 23.1 6.0 17.1
1997 2 509 59 385 15 967 43 418 23.7 6.4 17.3
1998 2 534 56 937 16 150 40 787 22.5 6.4 16.1
1999 2 559 56 911 17 550 39 361 22.2 6.9 15.4
2000 2 582 54 035 16 400 37 635 20.9 6.4 14.6
2001 2 605 49 291 16 615 32 676 18.9 6.4 12.5
2002 2 627 47 464 16 728 30 736 18.15 6.4 11.75
2003 2 647 45 559 17 267 28 292 17.36 6.58 10.78
2004 2 666 44 843 16 332 28 511 17.02 6.2 10.82
2005 2 682 46 370 17 413 28 957 17.54 6.59 10.95
2006 2 696 43 243 18 960 24 283 16.3 7.15 9.15
2007 2 708 43 385 20 550 22 835 16.29 7.72 8.57
2008 2 719 43 112 19 966 23 146 16.14 7.47 8.67
2009 2 730 42 782 18 555 24 227 15.96 7.03 8.93
2010 2 741 40 508 21 503 19 005 15.05 7.99 7.06
2011 2 755 39 673 16 926 22 747 14.69 6.27 8.42
2012 2 769 39 553 16 998 22 555 14.53 6.28 8.25
2013 2 777 36 746 15 427 21 319 13.54 5.7 7.84

Languages[edit]

English (official), Jamaican Patois, Jamaican Sign Language, Jamaican Country Sign Language, Levantine Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish. Also includes Mandarin Chinese and Kromanti.[4]

Religion[edit]

Protestant 64.8% : Seventh Day, Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren .9%, Moravian .7%; Roman Catholic 2.2%; Jehovah's Witness 1.9%; Rastafarian 1.1%; other 6.5%; none 21.3%; unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)

CIA World Factbook[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise referenced.

Population[edit]

2,868,380 (2011 est.[5]), 2,804,334 (July 2008 est.), 2,930,050 (July 2014 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

-4.99 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2013 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 52% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

total population: 13.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.556 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 73.44 years
male: 71.81 years
female: 75.15 years (2013 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun: Jamaican(s)
adjective: Jamaican

Education expenditures[edit]

6.4% of total GDP (2010)

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 87.9%
male: 84.1%
female: 91.6% (2003 est.)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.